Galloway, Thomas Taylor, MAJ

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Major
Last Service Branch
Aviation
Last MOS Group
Aviation (Officer)
Primary Unit
1942-1944, US Army Air Force (USAAF)
Service Years
1942 - 1944

Aviation

Major


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Maryland
Maryland
Year of Birth
1919
 
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Casualty Info
Home Town
Towson, Maryland
Last Address
Tourouvre, France

Casualty Date
Jul 24, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
France
Conflict
WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Air Offensive, Europe Campaign (1942-44)
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot: Sec: 2, Site: 4938-A S

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 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1944, World War II Fallen [Verified]

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AAF Pilot Badge

 
 Unit Assignments
US Army Air Force (USAAF)
  1942-1944, US Army Air Force (USAAF)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Air Offensive, Europe Campaign (1942-44)
 Colleges Attended 
Saint John's CollegeUnited States Military Academy
  1937-1939, Saint John's College
  1939-1942, United States Military Academy
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Thomas T. Galloway, the son of Joseph Baldwin and Marie Schussler Galloway, was born September 5, 1919. He was one of four boys in the family. During his brief twenty-five year life span, his conduct exemplified the superior qualities of honor, character, leadership, and sportsmanship which are cherished and admired by all.

Early in life while attending Towson Catholic High School, Tom began to demonstrate his scholastic and athletic abilities. He was awarded medals for excellence in French and Latin; twenty dollars for ‚??excellence and beloved character‚??; and the American Legion Medal for leadership, honor, and scholarship. Aside from his academic achievements, he concentrated on basketball and was chosen Captain ot his high school team two of the three years that he played. After graduating in 1935, Tom attended Boys‚?? Latin School in Baltimore for one year. Here he was awarded letters for athletic excellence in football, basketball, and lacrosse, and again was elected Captain of his basketball team. Recognition for his outstanding work was bountiful. He won a cup for public speaking; the Elwood Peters Silver Cup for character inscribed ‚??For one who loves his fellow man‚??; and a scholarship to St. John‚??s College at Annapolis. While at St. John‚??s he played basketball and football, winning a letter in the latter, and received his appointment to West Point from United States Senator Millard Tydings.

From ‚??Beast Barracks‚?? to graduation, Tom was an ideal cadet‚??handsome, Jovial, alert, ambitious. Because of his constant smile, contagious enthusiasm and pleasing personality he was befriended and loved by allc adets and ‚??tacs‚?? alike. An example of his classmates‚?? esteem for him is found in the following extract from the Howitzer of 1942:

‚??T.T. has an imposing list of accomplishments. He is high on the make-list, is an accomplished athlete, is clever with the women, and anything but a dullard in academics. Then he‚??s undoubtedly one of the most exceptional lacrosse players ever to come from West Point. His ability to improvise pure fiction about trivial matters with perfect composure on a moment‚??s notice is a constant source of amazement to his classmates. You can always count on his making a favorable impression in anyone‚??s company‚??.

His cadet life was well proportioned. He played lacrosse for four years, captaining the team as a first classman; he played football for three years, winning the Academy monogram in two of them; he played basketball for two years, winning his numerals as a plebe. In all of his athletic encounters Tom displayed traits of good sportsmanship unsurpassed by man. He was Class President in his second class year and a member of the election committee for three years. He was a Corporal his second class year and became the second ranking Cadet Captain, commanding the third cadet battalion, during his first class year. On graduation, May 29, 1942, Tom ranked first in military tactics. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Field Artillery and was detailed with the Air Force.

On Graduation Day he married Margaret Mallory Almond, the daughter of Major General and Mrs. E. M. Almond, whom he had met at the beginning of his first class year, and three days later they reported for duty at Ocala, Florida, where Tom completed two months of primary flight training. He completed basic training at Greenville, Mississippi, and finally won his wings with the class of 42K on December 13, 1942, at George Field, Illinois.

After qualifying in P-38 fighter planes, which was his first choice, at Williams Field, Chandler, Arizona, he was assigned in February 1943 to the 331st Fighter Squadron, which was based at Van Nuys, California.

In March of 1943 Tom narrowly missed death when his P-38 plane and another collided in midair 20 miles out over the Pacific Ocean on a target practice mission. Miraculously, both pilots bailed out safely and were picked up several hours later by a freighter.

The sudden departure of the 331st Fighter Squadron for Tumwater, Washington, the last of that summer, prevented Tom from being on hand when his son was born at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, on August 28. However, in November just after he was promoted to Captain, he was ordered to the 436th Fighter Squadron in Glendale, California, and most important, his wife Peggy and Tommy Jr. were able to be with him until he left in the spring of 1944 for overseas.

In April 1944, the 436th Fighter Squadron, with Tom as Assistant Operations Officer and Flight Leader, sailed for England, and on arrival became an integral part of the Eighth United States Air Force. On June 1, 1944, Tom was recommended for promotion to Major for the following superior service:

‚??Captain Galloway has served as Flight Commander in a superior manner since activation of the 436th Fighter Squadron, from 28 October 1943 to 26 May 1944, since which later date he has held the position of Operations Officer, and his outstanding performance of duty merits his promotion‚??.

‚??This officer has held a superior rating since graduation from the United States Military Academy on 29 May 1942.‚??

Flying his P-38 pursuit plane from bases in England, Tom completed ten sorties over German-occupied French territory on June 12, 1944. For this hazardous service, he was awarded the Air Medal on July 6, 1944, accompanied by the following citation:

‚??For exceptionally meritorious service in aerial flight over enemy-occupied continental Europe. The courage, coolness, and skill displayed by this officer, Captain Thomas T. Galloway, 024768, reflect great credit upon him and the Armed Forces of the United States‚??.

Tom completed his twentieth and thirtieth sorties over France on June 29 and July 15, 1944, respectively, entitling him to two Oak Leaf Clusters to the Air Medal. And on July 11, 1944, Tom was authorized to wear the Bronze Battle Star on the E.A.M.E. Theater Ribbon to signify his participation in ‚??Air Offensive Europe‚??

On July 12, 1944, Brigadier General Auton, Commanding General, 65th Fighter Wing, commended Tom as follows:

‚??I desire to commend you, Captain Thomas T. Galloway, for the contribution you have made and the record you have established in aiding the 479th Fighter Group, of which your squadron is a component unit, to become operational, in readiness for service against the enemy, in 11 days after arrival in your station in this theater of operations.

‚??No other fighter group has become operational and taken part in combat flying so soon after arrival. This record is worthy of note and emulation. You have brought credit to yourself and to the United States Army Air Forces.‚??

Tom‚??s wife and family received word the first week of August, 1944, that he was missing in action. In spite of this, hope was bright in their hearts for three months. The last telegram came in November and a few days later, a letter with the hard meager facts.

Tom died in the air while on a fighter sweep through northwest France, July 24, 1944. His airplane is reported to have gone out of control, spiraling earthward from 15,000 feet. His body was found by a Frenchman in the Forest Due Preche near the village of Tournouvre, buried initially in a French cemetery, and later removed to the United States Army Cemetery at Saint Andre-De-Eure, France, Plot C, Row 9, Grave 178. This cemetery is located approximately 15 miles southeast of Evereaux.

Tom‚??s majority came posthumously in August 1944, and by virtue of his death he was awarded the Purple Heart.

With Tom‚??s death the Air Force lost one of its finest officers‚??a born leader whose high Ideals and moral standards were unsurpassed. And those of us who knew him lost a true friend. We take consolation in the fact that Tom had lived a full and fruitful life.

‚??Dale E. Buchanan, Major, G.S.C.

http://apps.westpointaog.org/Memorials/Article/12788/
   
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