Cramer, Thomas Rees, MAJ

Fallen
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major
Last Service Branch
Aviation
Last Primary MOS
AAF 1093-Pilot B-24
Last MOS Group
Aviation (Enlisted)
Primary Unit
1942-1943, AAF 1093, USAAF 8th Army Air Force
Service Years
1941 - 1943

Aviation

Major



Two Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by LTC Harry G Cramer, III to remember Cramer, Thomas Rees, MAJ.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
West Point
Last Address
West Point, NY

Casualty Date
Jul 02, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
Italy
Conflict
Combat and Noncombat Operations
Location of Interment
Zachary Taylor National Cemetery - Louisville, Kentucky
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section E 271-273

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1943, World War II Fallen [Verified]


 Ribbon Bar

AAF Pilot Badge

 
 Unit Assignments
USAAF 8th Army Air Force
  1942-1943, AAF 1093, USAAF 8th Army Air Force
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1943 World War II
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1937-1941, United States Military Academy
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Major Cramer graduated from West Point with a commission in the Coastal Artillery Corps, but quickly entered the Army Air Corps. at Randolph Field, Texas.  Following training at Randolph, Kelly Field and brief assignment as a trainer at Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma, he entered combat operations with the 68th Bombardment Squadron (H), 44th Bombardment Group (H) based at RAF Cheddington, then RAF Shipdham, Norfolk, England (USAAF Station 115) in December 1942.

He received his DFC following his 10th combat mission. By June 1943, he had received his 2nd Oak Leaf Cluster to his Air Medal. He was assigned to North Africa that June.  Here he took on the responsiblity of a squadron commander.

In North Africa, the crew served with a detachment of the 68th Bombardment Squadron (H), 44th Bombardment Group (H) originally based in England, now temporarily assigned to the 12th Air Force.

On July 2, 1943, Major Cramer was commanding a B-24 [#42-40745] with a crew of ten. They departed Benina, Libya, on an operational mission to Lecce, Italy. On this particular day Major Cramer flew as co-pilot to offer his experience to his new crew, Lt. Robert Peterson.

Shortly after crossing the coast of Italy, the airplane was intercepted by a German fighter, a Me 109, and a running battle ensued. The Me 109 riddled the bomber from its bomb bay to cockpit with machine gun and cannon fire. The right wing was severely damaged, number four engine was smoking, and smoke was coming from the left wing. The cockpit of the bomber was hit and the plane turned over and went down out of control. None of the crew was seen to parachute from the plane during its descent. Immediately after the plane crashed to the ground, it burst into flames.

Crew:
Major Thomas R. Cramer, Command Pilot
1st Lt. Robert E. Peterson, Pilot
2nd Lt. James A. Tabor, Navigator
2nd Lt. Eugene R. Monahan, Bombardier
T/Sgt Charles W. Pharis, Engineer
T/Sgt Woodrow J. Cooney, Radio Oper.
S/Sgt Steve Niznok, Asst. Eng.
S/Sgt Clifton C. Hall, Asst. Radio.
S/Sgt Harry G. Smith, Waist Gunner
S/Sgt Arthur M. Yoakum, Tail Turret

Members of the American Graves Registration Service recovered remains from a mass grave in Muro Leccesse Civilian Cemetery, and the Civilian Cemetery of Cavallino, Italy. These remains were reinterred in the United States Military Cemetery, Bari, Italy, with unknown designations, pending further investigations. Although the circumstances rendered individual identification impossible, sufficient evidence was present to determine that the unknown remains were those of the ten service members of flight #42-40745 and to warrant a group identification of the remains. These remains were interred in Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, Louisville, Ky. on February 15, 1950.
   
Comments/Citation
Note: Missing Air Crew Report (MACR) 22
   
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