Ainsworth, Ellen Gertrude, 2LT

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Last Rank
Second Lieutenant
Last Service Branch
Army Nurse Corps
Last Primary MOS
3448-Medical-Surgical Nurse
Last MOS Group
Nurse Corps (Officer)
Primary Unit
1943-1944, 3448, 5th Army (Fifth Army)
Service Years
1942 - 1944

Army Nurse Corps

Second Lieutenant

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sgt. S. Kimbrow to remember Ainsworth, Ellen Gertrude, 2LT.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Glenwood City
Last Address

Casualty Date
Feb 16, 1944
Hostile, Died of Wounds
Multiple Fragmentation Wounds
World War II
Location of Interment
American Cemetery - Sicily, Italy
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot C Row 11 Grave 22

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1944, World War II Fallen [Verified]

 Ribbon Bar

 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
Surgical/Evacuation Hospital Units5th Army (Fifth Army)
  1943-1944, 3448, 56th Evacuation Hospital
  1943-1944, 3448, 5th Army (Fifth Army)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1944 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Anzio Campaign (1944)
 Colleges Attended 
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
  1939-1941, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
2nd Lt. Ellen Ainsworth graduated from the Minneapolis Eitel Hospital School of Nursing in 1941 prior to her enlistment in the Army Nurse Corps in 1943.

In March of 1942, she entered the U.S. Army Nurses Corps. She served at the Station Hospital at Camp Chaffee, Arkansas, until the end of the year when she was assigned to Fort Sam's 56th Evacuation Hospital in Houston, Texas. The hospital was soon sent to Bizerte, Tunisia, located in North Africa, and several weeks later was relocated to Anzio, Italy.

2nd Lt. AInsworth "was on duty in a 56th Evacuation Hospital ward near the Anzio beachhead on 10 February 1944 when she was severely wounded  during the Battle of Anzio. During an enemy artillery bombardment, a shell hit the hospital. Despite the severe damage to the hospital, Ellen calmly moved her patients to safety. She 'instilled confidence in her assistants and her patients, thereby preventing serious panic and injury. Her courage under fire and her selfless devotion to duty were an inspiration to all who witnessed her actions.'  She died 6 days later and was the only Wisconsin woman to die from enemy fire during World War II.

She was awarded the Silver Star, the nation's third highest award for bravery, and the Purple Heart.

In her honor, a nursing care building at the Wisconsin Veterans Home at King, Wisconsin is named Ainsworth Hall. A dispensary at Fort Hamilton, New York and a conference room in the Pentagon also are named in her honor. "

She was interred in the Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial, Nettuno Lazio Region, Italy, Plot: Plot C Row 11 Grave 22.

She was awarded the Silver Star for the calm courage she displayed in caring for her patients during the bombing. Headquarters, 5th Army, General Orders No. 72 (1944) See Notes
Not Specified
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