Calugas, Jose Cabalfin, Sr., CPT

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
125 kb
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Last Rank
Captain
Last Service Branch
Field Artillery
Last Primary MOS
1193-Field Artillery Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Field Artillery (Officer)
Primary Unit
1945-1957, 1193, 2nd Battalion, 38th Field Artillery
Service Years
1930 - 1957
Foreign Language(s)
Tagalog

Field Artillery

Captain



Six Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

32 kb

Home Country
Philippines
Philippines
Year of Birth
1907
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Calugas, Jose Cabalfin, Sr. (MOH), CPT USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Barrio Tagsing, Leon, Iloilo, Philippines
Last Address
Tacoma, Washington

Date of Passing
Jan 18, 1998
 
Location of Interment
Mountain View Memorial Park - Lakewood, Washington
Wall/Plot Coordinates
New Veteran's Section, Lot 206, Space 7

 Official Badges 

US Army Retired (Pre-2007)


 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Congressional Medal Of Honor SocietyMedal of Honor
  1945, Congressional Medal Of Honor Society
  1945, Medal of Honor [Verified] - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

World War II Congressional Medal of Honor recipient. Served as a Mess Sergeant, US Army, Battery B, 88th Field Artillery, Philippine Scouts. At Culis, Bataan, Philippine Islands on January 16, 1942, a battery gun position was bombed by the enemy until put out of commission and all killed or wounded. He a mess sergeant of another battery, voluntarily and without orders ran 1,000 yards across the shell-swept area to the gun position. He organized a volunteer squad which placed the gun back in commission and fired effectively against the enemy, although the position remained under constant and heavy Japanese artillery fire. His Medal of Honor was personally pinned by General Douglas MacArthur and he is one of two Filipinos during World War II to receive this honor.

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/8080524/jose-calugas

   
Other Comments:
Not Specified
   
 Photo Album   (More...



Korean War
Start Year
1950
End Year
1953

Description
The Korean War; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both governments claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither side accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950. On that day, the United Nations Security Council recognized this North Korean act as invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. On 27 June, the Security Council adopted S/RES/83: Complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea and decided the formation and dispatch of the UN Forces in Korea. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

After the first two months of the conflict, South Korean forces were on the point of defeat, forced back to the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Inchon, and cut off many of the North Korean troops. Those that escaped envelopment and capture were rapidly forced back north all the way to the border with China at the Yalu River, or into the mountainous interior. At this point, in October 1950, Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war. Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of conflict became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel. The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war. Periodic clashes, many of which are deadly, have continued to the present.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1950
To Year
1953
 
Last Updated:
Apr 8, 2018
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  904 Also There at This Battle:
  • Ashley, Joshua, SFC, (1950-1970)
  • Atchley, Oren, LTC, (1940-1950)
  • Aylward, William, LTC, (1950-1984)
  • Badger, Thomas Jenkins, COL, (1932-1965)
  • Ballard, Clarence Commodore, CPT, (1941-1950)
  • Barker, William, Sgt, (1950-1951)
  • Barksdale, Thomas Jefferson, Sgt, (1946-1950)
  • Barnes, John, T/Sgt, (1949-1952)
  • Battiste, Alfonza, LTC, (1951-1972)
  • Becker, Jim, S/Sgt, (1948-1952)
  • Beckwith, Charles Robert, SGT, (1946-1955)
  • Beilstein, James, SGT, (1949-1957)
  • Bell, Thomas, PFC, (1950-1952)
  • Block, Kenneth, Cpl
  • Bohmer, Frederick, Sgt, (1950-1953)
  • Bridges, Shelton, SFC, (1938-1968)
  • Brown, M.D., Robert W., CPT, (1952-1953)
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