Bennett, Edward Andrew, Jr., MAJ

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Major
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Last Primary MOS
1542-Infantry Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Officer)
Primary Unit
1944-1945, 745, 1st Battalion, 358th Infantry
Service Years
1944 - 1962

Infantry

Major



Four Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Not Specified
Year of Birth
Not Specified
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Bennett, Edward Andrew, Jr. (MOH), MAJ.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
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Last Address
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Date of Passing
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Location of Interment
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Wall/Plot Coordinates
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 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord US Army Retired (Pre-2007)


 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Congressional Medal Of Honor SocietyMedal of Honor Recipients
  1945, Congressional Medal Of Honor Society [Verified]
  1945, Medal of Honor Recipients [Verified] - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

World War II Medal of Honor Recipient. A highly decorated soldier, he received the award on October 30, 1945 for his actions as a corporal in Company B, 358th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division, US Army at Heckhuscheid, Germany on February 1, 1945 during the latter days of World War II. Drafted into the US Army in January 1944, he was sent to the European Theater of Operations. February 1, 1945 found him in combat action in western Germany near Heckhuscheid for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor for valor above and beyond the call of duty. Following the end of the war, he remained in the US Army and in June 1951 he became a commissioned officer and served in the Korean War. He retired from the US Army in October 1962 at the rank of major with 18 years of continuous military service. He died at the age of 63. In addition to the Medal of honor, he received the Silver Star, the Bronze Star, the Purple Heart (with 3 oak leaf clusters), the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, and the World War II Victory Medal, among others. His Medal of Honor citation reads: " The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Corporal Edward Andrew Bennett, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty on 1 February 1945, while serving with Company B, 1st Battalion, 358th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division, in action at Heckhuscheid, Germany. Corporal Bennett was advancing with Company B across open ground to assault Heckhuscheid, Germany, just after dark when vicious enemy machinegun fire from a house on the outskirts of the town pinned down the group and caused several casualties. He began crawling to the edge of the field in an effort to flank the house, persisting in this maneuver even when the hostile machine gunners located him by the light of burning buildings and attempted to cut him down as he made for the protection of some trees. Reaching safety, he stealthily made his way by a circuitous route to the rear of the building occupied by the German gunners. With his trench knife he killed a sentry on guard there and then charged into the darkened house. In a furious hand-to-hand struggle he stormed about a single room which harbored seven Germans. Three he killed with rifle fire, another he clubbed to death with the butt of his gun, and the three others he dispatched with his .45 caliber pistol. The fearless initiative, stalwart combat ability, and outstanding gallantry of Corporal Bennett eliminated the enemy fire which was decimating his company's ranks and made it possible for the Americans to sweep all resistance from the town."

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/22971/edward-andrew-bennett

   
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Korean War
Start Year
1950
End Year
1953

Description
The Korean War; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both governments claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither side accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950. On that day, the United Nations Security Council recognized this North Korean act as invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. On 27 June, the Security Council adopted S/RES/83: Complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea and decided the formation and dispatch of the UN Forces in Korea. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

After the first two months of the conflict, South Korean forces were on the point of defeat, forced back to the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Inchon, and cut off many of the North Korean troops. Those that escaped envelopment and capture were rapidly forced back north all the way to the border with China at the Yalu River, or into the mountainous interior. At this point, in October 1950, Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war. Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of conflict became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel. The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war. Periodic clashes, many of which are deadly, have continued to the present.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1950
To Year
1953
 
Last Updated:
12 days ago
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  878 Also There at This Battle:
  • Ashley, Joshua, SFC, (1950-1970)
  • Atchley, Oren, LTC, (1940-1950)
  • Aylward, William, LTC, (1950-1984)
  • Badger, Thomas Jenkins, COL, (1932-1965)
  • Ballard, Clarence Commodore, CPT, (1941-1950)
  • Barker, William, Sgt, (1950-1951)
  • Barksdale, Thomas Jefferson, Sgt, (1946-1950)
  • Barnes, John, T/Sgt, (1949-1952)
  • Battiste, Alfonza, LTC, (1951-1972)
  • Becker, Jim, S/Sgt, (1948-1952)
  • Beckwith, Charles Robert, SGT, (1946-1955)
  • Beilstein, James, SGT, (1949-1957)
  • Bell, Thomas, PFC, (1950-1952)
  • Block, Kenneth, Cpl
  • Bohmer, Frederick, Sgt, (1950-1953)
  • Bridges, Shelton, SFC, (1938-1968)
  • Brown, M.D., Robert W., CPT, (1952-1953)
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