Kennedy, J. Thomas, LTC

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
View Time Line
Last Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Last Service Branch
Cavalry
Last MOS Group
Cavalry
Primary Unit
1899-1899, 12C, Philippine-American War Units
Service Years
1877 - 1912
Official/Unofficial US Army Certificates
Order of the Spur

Cavalry

Lieutenant Colonel


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Georgia
Georgia
Year of Birth
1860
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSG Arch Kennedy to remember Kennedy, J. Thomas, LTC.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Moultrie, Georgia
Last Address
115 Kennedy Road
Colquitt County, Georgia

Date of Passing
Mar 26, 1936
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of The Spur




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Not Specified
   
Other Comments:
Not Specified
   


Nez Perce War
Start Year
1877
End Year
1877

Description
The Nez Perce War was an armed conflict between several bands of the Nez Perce tribe of Native Americans and their allies, a small band of the Palouse tribe led by Red Echo (Hahtalekin) and Bald Head (Husishusis Kute), against the United States Army. The conflict, fought between June–October 1877, stemmed from the refusal of several bands of the Nez Perce, dubbed "non-treaty Indians", to give up their ancestral lands in the Pacific Northwest and move to an Indian reservation in Idaho. This forced removal was in violation of the 1855 Treaty of Walla Walla, which granted the tribe 7.5 million acres in their ancestral lands and the right to hunt and fish in lands ceded to the government.

After the first armed engagements in June, the Nez Perce embarked on an arduous trek north initially to seek help with the Crow tribe. After the Crows' refusal of aid, they sought sanctuary with the Lakota led by Sitting Bull, who had fled to Canada in May 1877 to avoid capture following the 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn.

The Nez Perce were pursued by elements of the U.S. Army with whom they fought a series of battles and skirmishes on a fighting retreat of 1,170 miles (1,880 km). The war ended after a final five-day battle fought alongside Snake Creek at the base of Montana's Bears Paw Mountains only 40 miles (64 km) from the Canada–US border. A majority of the surviving Nez Perce represented by Chief Joseph of the Wallowa band of Nez Perce, surrendered to Brigadier Generals Oliver Otis Howard and Nelson A. Miles.[4] White Bird, of the Lamátta band of Nez Perce, managed to elude the Army after the battle and escape with an undetermined number of his band to Sitting Bull's camp in Canada. The 418 Nez Perce who surrendered, including women and children, were taken prisoner and sent by train to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Although Chief Joseph is the most well known of the Nez Perce leaders, he was not the sole overall leader. The Nez Perce were led by a coalition of several leaders from the different bands who comprised the "non-treaty" Nez Perce, including the Wallowa Ollokot, White Bird of the Lamátta band, Toohoolhoolzote of the Pikunin band, and Looking Glass of the Alpowai band. Brigadier General Howard was head of the U.S. Army's Department of the Columbia, which was tasked with forcing the Nez Perce onto the reservation and whose jurisdiction was extended by General William Tecumseh Sherman to allow Howard's pursuit. It was at the final surrender of the Nez Perce when Chief Joseph gave his famous "I Will Fight No More Forever" speech, which was translated by the interpreter Arthur Chapman.

The New York Times wrote in an 1877 editorial on the Nez Perce War that: "On our part, the war was in its origin and motive nothing short of a gigantic blunder and a crime"
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1877
To Year
1877
 
Last Updated:
Aug 25, 2015
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Served with Company G, 1st Cavalry Regiment

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  19 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Goldin, Theodore (MOH), PV1, (1876-Present)
  • Jackson, James, BG, (1853-1916)
  • Robinson, William Wallace, BG, (1864-1910)
  • Roy, Stanislas, SGT, (1869-1901)
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