Barker, Alexander C, Jr., MAJ

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major
Primary Unit
1941-1945, 82nd Airborne Division/HHC
Service Years
1941 - 1945
Major



Three Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

42 kb

Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Diane Short (TWS Chief Admin) to remember Barker, Alexander C, Jr., MAJ.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Rye
Last Address
New York, NY

Date of Passing
May 11, 1973
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Cremated

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Netherlands Orange Lanyard


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WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
Start Year
1942
End Year
1945

Description
The European-Mediterranean-Middle East Theater was a major theater of operations during the Second World War (between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946). The vast size of Europe, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre saw interconnected naval, land, and air campaigns fought for control of the Mediterranean, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. The fighting in this theatre lasted from 10 June 1940, when Italy entered the war on the side of Germany, until 2 May 1945 when all Axis forces in Italy surrendered. However, fighting would continue in Greece – where British troops had been dispatched to aid the Greek government – during the early stages of the Greek Civil War.

The British referred to this theatre as the Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre (so called due to the location of the fighting and the name of the headquarters that controlled the initial fighting: Middle East Command) while the Americans called the theatre of operations the Mediterranean Theatre of War. The German official history of the fighting is dubbed 'The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa 1939–1942'. Regardless of the size of the theatre, the various campaigns were not seen as neatly separated areas of operations but part of one vast theatre of war.

Fascist Italy aimed to carve out a new Roman Empire, while British forces aimed initially to retain the status quo. Italy launched various attacks around the Mediterranean, which were largely unsuccessful. With the introduction of German forces, Yugoslavia and Greece were overrun. Allied and Axis forces engaged in back and forth fighting across North Africa, with Axis interference in the Middle East causing fighting to spread there. With confidence high from early gains, German forces planned elaborate attacks to be launched to capture the Middle East and then to possibly attack the southern border of the Soviet Union. However, following three years of fighting, Axis forces were defeated in North Africa and their interference in the Middle East was halted. Allied forces then commenced an invasion of Southern Europe, resulting in the Italians switching sides and deposing Mussolini. A prolonged battle for Italy took place, and as the strategic situation changed in southeast Europe, British troops returned to Greece.

The theatre of war, the longest during the Second World War, resulted in the destruction of the Italian Empire and altered the strategic position of Germany resulting in numerous German divisions being deployed to Africa and Italy and total losses (including those captured upon final surrender) being over half a million. Italian losses, in the theatre, amount to around to 177,000 men with a further several hundred thousand captured during the process of the various campaigns. British losses amount to over 300,000 men killed, wounded, or captured, and total American losses in the region amounted to 130,000.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 22, 2015
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  967 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Edward Everett, CPT, (1943-1946)
  • Addis, Gerald, S/Sgt, (1941-1944)
  • Albright, Frank Phidias, 1LT, (1942-1946)
  • Allen, Eacott Garvin, 2LT, (1942-1944)
  • Anderson, Harry Vernon, MAJ, (1942-1947)
  • Apgar, Horace Vincent, T/Sgt, (1942-1946)
  • Appel, William B., S/Sgt, (1942-1946)
  • Armijo, Jose Dolores, PFC, (1942-1946)
  • Armstrong, Robert Gelston, S/Sgt, (1942-1946)
  • Bannon, SGT. Dwight, Sgt, (1942-1943)
  • Barancik, Richard, LTC, (1942-1950)
  • Barter, Charles Tracey, MAJ, (1940-1951)
  • Baum, Abraham, MAJ, (1940-1946)
  • Beatty, Jack Donovan, T/4, (1943-1946)
  • Bencowitz, Isaac, CPT, (1917-1945)
  • Bleecker, Paul O., PFC, (1942-1945)
  • Boardman, Edward Thorpe, 1LT, (1943-1946)
  • Bonelli, Anthony, T/5, (1943-1945)
  • Bonilla y Norat, Felix José, 1LT, (1942-1945)
  • Born, Lester Kruger, MAJ, (1942-1946)
  • Boruch, Edward J., T/5, (1942-1945)
  • Brenzel, Frank, T/4, (1944-1946)
  • Brown, Garfield, Cpl, (1942-1946)
  • Brown, John Nicholas, LTC, (1918-1946)
  • Burke, Edward, Sgt, (1942-1945)
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