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Hoff, John van Rensselaer, BG.
Home Town Mount Morris, New York
Last Address Washington, DC
Date of Passing Jan 14, 1920
Location of Interment Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates Plot: Section 2, Site LOT 1004
Last Known Activity General John Van Rensselaer Hoff was born in New York State on April 7,1848. He graduated in Medicine at Albany Medical College in 1871 and at Columbia in 1874. He served as. an Army surgeon on the American western frontier and overseas. In 1902 he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. He retired from active duty in 1912.
Description The American Indian Wars, or Indian Wars, were the multiple armed conflicts between European governments and colonists, and later American settlers or the United States government, and the native peoples of North America. These conflicts occurred across the North American continent from the time of earliest colonial settlements until 1924. In many cases, wars resulted from competition for resources and land ownership as Europeans and later Americans encroached onto territory which had been inhabited by Native Americans for the previous centuries. There was population pressure as settlers expanded their territory, generally pushing indigenous people northward and westward. Warfare and raiding also took place as a result of wars between European powers; in North America, these enlisted their Native American allies to help them conduct warfare against each other's settlements.
Many conflicts were local, involving disputes over land use, and some entailed cycles of reprisal. Particularly in later years, conflicts were spurred by ideologies such as Manifest Destiny, which held that the United States was destined to expand from coast to coast on the North American continent. In the 1830s, the United States had a policy of Indian removal east of the Mississippi River, which was a planned, large-scale removal of indigenous peoples from the areas where Americans were settling. Particularly in the years leading up to Congressional passage of the related act, there was armed conflict between settlers and Native Americans; some removal was achieved through sale or exchange of territory through treaties.