Clark, Monroe M., S/Sgt

Fallen
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Staff Sergeant
Last Service Branch
Army Air Corps
Last Primary MOS
597-Antiaircraft Artillery Machine Gun Crewman, SP
Last MOS Group
Air Defense Artillery (Enlisted)
Primary Unit
1941-1941, Army Garrison, Hickam Field, HI
Service Years
1939 - 1941

Staff Sergeant


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Arkansas
Arkansas
Year of Birth
1907
 
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Casualty Info
Home Town
Unknown
Last Address
Hickam Field, Hawaii

Casualty Date
Dec 07, 1941
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Hawaii
Conflict
WWII - Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Attack on Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941
Location of Interment
Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery - San Antonio, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section S Site 197

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Pearl Harbor Memorial Medallion


 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1941, World War II Fallen [Verified]



Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Attack on Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941
Start Year
1941
End Year
1941

Description
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.

The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. There were simultaneous Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

From the standpoint of the defenders, the attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four being sunk. All but one were later raised, and six of the eight battleships were returned to service and went on to fight in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded. Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured.

The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters. The following day (December 8), the United States declared war on Japan. Domestic support for non-interventionism, which had been strong, disappeared. Clandestine support of Britain (e.g., the Neutrality Patrol) was replaced by active alliance. Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Germany and Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day.

Years later several writers alleged that parties high in the U.S. and British governments knew of the attack in advance and may have let it happen (or even encouraged it) with the aim of bringing America into war. However, this Pearl Harbor advance-knowledge conspiracy theory is rejected by mainstream historians.

There were numerous historical precedents for unannounced military action by Japan. However, the lack of any formal warning, particularly while negotiations were still apparently ongoing, led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to proclaim December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy".

Due to the fact the attack happened without a declaration of war and without explicit warning, the attack on Pearl Harbor was judged by the Tokyo Trials to be a Japanese war crime.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1941
To Year
1941
 
Last Updated:
Jan 3, 2014
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  196 Also There at This Battle:
  • Badger, Thomas Jenkins, COL, (1932-1965)
  • Barker, John, S/Sgt, (1940-1945)
  • Barthelmess, Karl T., LTC, (1940-1944)
  • Belhumeur, Julien, Sgt, (1940-1953)
  • Cawood, Claude, Sgt
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