Heyliger, Frederick, CPT

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Captain
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Last Primary MOS
1542-Infantry Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Officer)
Primary Unit
1940-1947, 101st Airborne Division
Service Years
1940 - 1947

Infantry

Captain


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Year of Birth
1916
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SGT Robert Briggs (squadleader)-Deceased to remember Heyliger, Frederick, CPT.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Acton
Last Address
Concord, MA

Date of Passing
Dec 03, 2001
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

101st Airbone Division Infantry Shoulder Cord Honorably Discharged WW II


 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
New England Chapter
  1947, 101st Airborne Division Association, New England Chapter (Deceased Member (Honor Roll)) (Massachusetts) [Verified] - Chap. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Easy Co. 506 P.I.R. 101st Airborne
   
Other Comments:
Not Specified
   
 Photo Album   (More...



Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)/Operation Pegasus
From Month/Year
October / 1944
To Month/Year
October / 1944

Description
Operation Pegasus (Night of 22/23 October 1944, 2100 – 0200) was a military operation carried out on the Lower Rhine near the village of Renkum, close to Arnhem in the Netherlands. Overnight on 22–23 October 1944, the Allies successfully evacuated a large group of men trapped in German occupied territory who had been in hiding since the Battle of Arnhem.

The fighting north of the Rhine in September had forced the 1st British Airborne division to withdraw, leaving several thousand men behind. Several hundred of these were able to evade capture and go into hiding, usually with the assistance of the Dutch Resistance. Initially the men hoped to be able to wait for the British 2nd Army to resume their advance and thus relieve them, but when it became clear that the Allies would not cross the Rhine that year the men decided to escape back to Allied territory. The first escape operation was a great success and over 100 men were able to return to their own lines, but a second operation was compromised and failed. Despite this the resistance continued to help the evaders and many more men were able to escape in small groups over the winter.

The figures of men involved in the battle are imprecise but it is believed well over 10,400 men fought north of the Lower Rhine. In Operation Berlin, between 2,400-2,500 men safely withdrew to the south bank, leaving some 7,900 men behind. Of these almost 1,500 were killed, 6,000 were in German hands and up to 500 were in hiding in the woods and villages near the river.

Major Digby Tatham-Warter had escaped a German hospital as early as 21 September and having lain low for a week was contacted by the Dutch Resistance who requested his assistance in Ede. In early October he was joined by Brigadier Gerald Lathbury and soon a ‘Brigade HQ in hiding’ was set up.[4] Tatham-Warter made contact with Lieutenant Gilbert Kirschen of the Belgian SAS who arranged supply drops of weapons, uniforms and supplies for the growing number of British hiding in the area.

Piet Kruijff, head of the local Resistance, had been organising the evaders into safe houses in Ede. Soon there were over 80 men in the town and it was becoming so congested that he began housing men in Reemst as well. By the time of the evacuation there were an additional 40 men here.[3] At first it was hoped that the Allied offensive would be quickly resumed thus liberating the men - Tatham-Warter even made plans to carry out operations against the Germans when the 2nd Army began crossing the Rhine. But in October Kirschen informed the Resistance that there were no plans to attack north of the Lower Rhine in the near future. As the presence of so many Allied evaders would place a great strain on the Resistance and expose the civilians hiding them to great risk, it was decided to evacuate the men as soon as possible.

The ‘HQ in hiding’ was in contact with 2nd Army’s escape organisation based in Nijmegen, and when Lt Colonel David Dobie, (commander of 1st Battalion), successfully swam the Rhine on the night of 16 October and reached Allied lines, he was able to make further arrangements. Dobie contacted the XXX Corps and the 101st Airborne Division who approved of the evacuation. He was also able to make contact with Tatham-Warter by telephone and together they drew up a plan that would hopefully allow all of the men in hiding to escape.

Dobie was able to suggest a suitable location on the river near Renkum to make the crossing (codenamed Digby). An RV and route to the river from the north were decided upon, and it was arranged that the men would be met on the north bank by Royal Engineers of XXX Corps escorted by men of the 506 PIR, 101st Airborne Division. To help guide the evaders the crossing point would be marked by tracer fire from a Bofors Gun. The American forces made patrols north of the river and tracer fire was sent over the bank for several nights to disguise the actual purpose of the operation when it came. The date was set for the night of 23–24 October.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
October / 1944
To Month/Year
October / 1944
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  11 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Joint, Edward, PFC, (1942-1945)
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