Murray, Maxwell, MG

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1945, Western Defense Command
Service Years
1907 - 1946

US

Major General



Five Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

68 kb

Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1885
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Murray, Maxwell, MG USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
West Point
Last Address
Washington, DC

Date of Passing
Aug 04, 1948
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Army Staff Identification US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 French Fourragere

US Army Retired


 Unofficial Badges 

Armor Shoulder Cord Artillery Shoulder Cord




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
MG Murray was the 1st commander of Camp Bragg, North Carolina.
Murray was born at West Point, New York, the son of General Arthur Murray and Sarah Wetmore de Russy.

From October 1, 1941-May 1942 Major General Maxwell Murray served as the first commander of the newly formed 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. The 25th Infantry Division operated for only ten weeks in peace before the Japanese launched their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941. 


MG Murray retired in 1946, and died two years later.
   
Other Comments:
Not Specified
   
 Photo Album   (More...



World War I/Champagne-Marne Campaign
Start Year
1918
End Year
1918

Description
Champagne-Marne, 15 - 18 July 1918. In the four great offensives from 21 March to 13 June 1918 the Germans gained considerable ground, but failed to achieve a decisive advantage at any point on the front. Furthermore, success was bought at a price in manpower and material which they could ill afford. Their more then 600,000 casualties were irreplaceable, whereas the Allied loss of some 800,000 men was soon more than compensated for by new American units arriving at the front in ever-mounting numbers. By July 1918 Allied troops outnumbered German on the Western Front. Other factors also contributed to the decline of German morale, notably the pinch of the blockade and the effectiveness of the Allied propaganda, which was distributed widely by air at the front and in German cities behind the lines. But Ludendorff refused to consider peace negotiations, and planned two more offensives for July which he hoped would bring victory. The first of the new drives was designed to capture Rheims, to make more secure the supply of the Merge salient, and to draw in Allied reserves. The second and larger offensive, destined never to be launched, would strike once again at the British in Flanders.

When the two-pronged German assault on either side of Rheims began on 15 July the Allies were prepared for it. Plans for the attack had leaked out of Berlin, and Allied airplanes had detected the unusual activity behind the enemy front. Foch had time to draw up reserves, and Petain, the French commander, skillfully deployed his troops in defense-in-depth tactics. Consequently the German drive east of Rheims fell far short of its objective. The attack west of the city succeeded in pushing across the Marne near Chateau-Thierry, but was checked there by French and American units. Among the A.E.F. units involved in this action were the 3d, 26th, 28th, and 42d Divisions, the 369th Infantry, and supporting elements (in all about 85,000 Americans). It was here that the 38th Infantry of the 3d Division gained its motto, "Rock of the Marne."

By 17 July the Champagne-Marne offensive had petered out and the initiative passed to the Allies. The German people had built up great hopes for the success of this Friedensturm (peace offensive); its failure was a tremendous psychological blow to the whole nation.

Marne near Chateau-Thierry. Among the A.E.F. units involved were the 3d, 26th, 28th, and 42d Divisions, and the 369th Infantry(in all about 85,000 Americans). It was here that the 38th Infantry of the 3d Division gained its motto, "Rock of the Marne.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1918
To Year
1918
 
Last Updated:
Nov 25, 2012
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  136 Also There at This Battle:
  • Bracken, Frank, PFC, (1917-1919)
  • Lucas, Levi
  • McGuire, Frank Harlan, PFC, (1917-1919)
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