Murray, Maxwell, MG

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1945, Western Defense Command
Service Years
1907 - 1946

US

Major General



Five Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

68 kb

Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1885
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Murray, Maxwell, MG USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
West Point
Last Address
Washington, DC

Date of Passing
Aug 04, 1948
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Army Staff Identification US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 French Fourragere

US Army Retired


 Unofficial Badges 

Armor Shoulder Cord Artillery Shoulder Cord




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
MG Murray was the 1st commander of Camp Bragg, North Carolina.
Murray was born at West Point, New York, the son of General Arthur Murray and Sarah Wetmore de Russy.

From October 1, 1941-May 1942 Major General Maxwell Murray served as the first commander of the newly formed 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. The 25th Infantry Division operated for only ten weeks in peace before the Japanese launched their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941. 


MG Murray retired in 1946, and died two years later.
   
Other Comments:
Not Specified
   
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Aisne Campaign/The Battle of Cantigny
Start Year
1918
End Year
1918

Description
The Battle of Cantigny, fought May 28th 1918 was the first major American battle and offensive of World War I. The U.S. 1st Division, the most experienced of the five American divisions then in France and in reserve for the French Army near the village of Cantigny, was selected for the attack. The objective of the attack was both to reduce a small salient made by the German Army in the front lines but also to instill confidence among the French and British allies in the ability of the inexperienced American Expeditionary Force (AEF).
Capture of Cantigny
At 06:45 [H Hour], 28 May 1918, American Soldiers of the 28th Infantry Regiment left their jump-off trenches following an hour-long artillery preparation. Part of the preparation was counter-battery fire directed at German artillery positions. A rolling barrage, advancing 100 meters every two minutes, was calculated to give the attacking troops time to keep up with it.

The 28th Infantry Regiment (Colonel Hansen Ely, commanding) plus two companies of the 18th Infantry, three machine-gun companies and a company of engineers (3,564 men), captured Cantigny from the German Eighteenth Army. The village was situated on high ground surrounded by woods, making it an ideal observation post for German artillery.

Because the Americans did not have them in sufficient quantity, the French provided air cover, 368 heavy artillery pieces, trench mortars, tanks, and flamethrowers. The French Schneider tanks were from the French 5th Tank battalion. Their primary purpose was to eliminate German machine gun positions. With this massive support, and advancing on schedule behind the creeping artillery barrage, the 28th Infantry took the village in 30 minutes. It then continued on to its final objective roughly a half kilometer beyond the village.
Defense against German counterattacks
The first German counterattack, a small attack at 08:30 against the extreme right of the new American position, was easily repulsed, but German artillery bombarded the 28th Infantry for most of the day. At 17:10 the first large-scale counterattack took place, and a company of the 1st Battalion of the 26th Infantry commanded by Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. was used to reinforce a weak spot in the American line. Another German counterattack at 18:40 was also repulsed by a combination of artillery and Infantry defensive fire. A series of counterattacks over the next two days were also defeated by both American regiments, and the position held.

The Americans reduced the salient and expanded their front by approximately a mile. A minor success, its significance was overshadowed by the battle underway along the Aisne. The U.S. forces held their position with the loss of 1,603 casualties including over 300 killed in action; they captured 250 German prisoners. Matthew B. Juan, a Native American war hero, was killed during this battle.

The American success at Cantigny assured the French that American divisions could be entrusted in the line against the German offensive to take Paris. The victory at Cantigny was followed by attacks at Château-Thierry and Belleau Wood in the first half of June.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1918
To Year
1918
 
Last Updated:
Nov 25, 2012
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

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