Hodges, Courtney Hicks, GEN

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1945-1949, First Army (1st Army)
Service Years
1906 - 1949

US

General



Eight Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Georgia
Georgia
Year of Birth
1887
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Hodges, Courtney Hicks, GEN USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Perry, GA
Last Address
San Antonio, TX

Date of Passing
Jan 16, 1966
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 French Fourragere USA Central




 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
 

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pride in Presenting

THE 
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
to

HODGES, COURTNEY H.
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army
6th Infantry Regiment, 5th Division, A.E.F.
Date of Action: November 2 - 4, 1918
Citation:
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Courtney H. Hodges, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Breulles, France, November 2 - 4, 1918. Lieutenant Colonel Hodges personally conducted a reconnaissance of the Meuse River, to determine the most advantageous location for a crossing, and for a bridge site. Having organized a storming party, he attacked the enemy not 100 paces distant, and, although failing, he managed to effect the crossing of the canal after 20 hours of ceaseless struggling. His fearlessness and courage were mainly responsible for the advance of his brigade to the heights east of the Meuse.


General Orders No. 3, W.D., 1919




Courtney Hicks Hodges (January 5, 1887 – January 16, 1966) was an American military officer, most prominent for his role in World War II, in which he commanded the U.S. First Army in Northwest Europe.

Hodges's father published a small-town newspaper in Perry, Georgia where he was born. He attended West Point but was forced to leave after a year, along with George S. Patton Jr., because of poor test scores ("found deficient" in mathematics).


In 1906, however, he entered the United States Army as a Private, and became a commissioned officer three years later. He served with
George Marshall in the Philippines and Patton with the Punitive Expedition into Mexico 1916 - 1917.


Distinguished Marksman 1908 as Courtney Hicks Hodges SGT USA

 

He earned the Distinguished Service Cross during the closing days of World War I while leading an attack across the Marne River. Saw action with the 6th Infantry, AEF in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives.


After the war he was so well thought of that he became an instructor at West Point, even though he had not graduated from that institution.


Graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1925.  Member of the Infantry Board at Fort Benning 1929 - 1933. Graduated from the Army War College in 1934.

 

In 1938, he became an Assistant Commandant of the Infantry School, Brigadier General in May 1940.  Major General in May 1941 as Chief of Infantry until March 1942.
 

He then Commanded X Corps, which he received in 1942.  In 1943, while commanding both X Corps and then the US Third Army, he was sent to Britain, where he served under General Omar Bradley. During Operation Overlord, he was subordinate to Bradley as Deputy Commander of the U.S. First Army, but in August 1944, he succeeded Bradley, as the latter went to command 12th Army Group and took command of the Army.
 

Hodges's troops were the first to reach Paris, France, and he led them through Germany. His troops fought the Battle of Hurtgen Forest and had a major role in the Ardennes Offensive, otherwise known as the Battle of the Bulge. The First Army was the first unit to cross the Rhine River, by using the still standing Ludendorff bridge at Remagen, and to meet with the Soviet Red Army near Torgau, on the river Elbe.


Hodges was promoted to General on April 15, 1945 making him the first man to rise to full General from enlisted private.



In May 1945, after the German surrender, Hodges and his troops were ordered to prepare for the invasion of Japan; that became unnecessary, however, when the atomic bomb caused Japan's surrender later that year.


Hodges was present at the surrenders of both Germany and Japan.

 

After World War II, he served First Army Commandant stationed at Governors Island, New York (later San Antonio, TX) until his retirement in March 1949. Hodges died in San Antonio, Texas in 1966. His extreme personal modesty prevented him from receiving the credit due his efforts.

 

   
Other Comments:
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Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)
Start Year
1911
End Year
1919

Description
The Mexican Service Medal is an award of the United States military which was established by General Orders of the United States War Department on December 12, 1917. The Mexican Service Medal recognizes those service members who performed military service against Mexican forces between the dates of April 12, 1911 and June 16, 1919.

To be awarded the Mexican Service Medal, a service member was required to perform military duty during the time period of eligibility and in one of the following military engagements.

    Veracruz Expedition: April 21 to November 23, 1914
    Punitive Expedition into Mexico: March 14, 1916 to February 7, 1917
    Buena Vista, Mexico: December 1, 1917
    San Bernardino Canyon, Mexico: December 26, 1917
    La Grulla, Texas: January 8 – January 9, 1918
    Pilares, Chihuahua: March 28, 1918
    Nogales, Arizona: November 1–26, 1915, or August 27, 1918
    El Paso, Texas and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua: June 15 – June 16, 1919

The United States Navy issued the Mexican Service Medal to members of the Navy and Marines who participated in any of the above actions, as well as to service members who served aboard U.S. naval vessels patrolling Mexican waters between April 21 and November 26, 1914, or between March 14, 1916, and February 7, 1917.

The Mexican Service Medal was also awarded to any service member who was wounded or killed while participating in action any against hostile Mexican forces between April 12, 1911 and February 7, 1917.

Although a single decoration, both the Army and Navy issued two different versions of the Mexican Service Medal. The Army Mexican Service Medal displayed an engraving of a yucca plant, while the Navy version depicts the San Juan de Ulúa fortress in Veracruz harbor. Both medals displayed the annotation "1911 - 1917" on the bottom of the medal.

The Mexican Service Medal was a one time decoration and there were no service stars authorized for those who had participated in multiple engagements. For those Army members who had been cited for gallantry in combat, the Citation Star was authorized as a device to the Mexican Service Medal. There were no devices authorized for the Navy's version of the decoration.

A similar decoration, known as the Mexican Border Service Medal also existed for those who had performed support duty to Mexican combat expeditions from within the United States.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1915
To Year
1917
 
Last Updated:
Aug 13, 2010
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  256 Also There at This Battle:
  • Bass, Harry Wesley, 1LT, (1917-1919)
  • Baylor, Bernard, MAJ, (1911-1953)
  • Beightler, Robert Sprague, MG, (1911-1953)
  • Dargue, Herbert Arthur, MG, (1911-1941)
  • Fink, Thomas Jefferson, M/Sgt, (1893-1921)
  • Gaul, Joseph Albert, Sgt, (1914-1920)
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