McCloud, Lawrence, PFC

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Private First Class
Last Service Branch
Engineer Corps
Last Primary MOS
345-Truck Driver, Light
Last MOS Group
Transportation Corps (Enlisted)
Primary Unit
1944-1946, 345, 1146th Engineer Group
Service Years
1944 - 1946

Private First Class


One Service Stripe



Two Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Missouri
Missouri
Year of Birth
1920
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Peter McCloud-Family to remember McCloud, Lawrence, Pfc.

If you knew or served with this Soldier and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Warsaw
Last Address
Shasta Lake City, California

Date of Passing
Oct 14, 2009
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Served US Army - Enlisted WWII:
  1. 18 January 1944 to 1 March 1946.
  2. Three months Pvt with MOS 729 Engineer Basic; most likely State Side Assignment with the 4th Army located in Texas in 1944.
  3. Twenty-two months Pfc with MOS 345 Truck Driver, Light; most likely State Side & Europe Assignments (Germany, France & Belgiuim for 18 months).
  4. Was assigned to the 4th Army in 1944, then to the 9th Army with the 1146 Engineer Combat Group which left for England in Sept 1944 and arrived in France Oct 2, 1944.  The 1146 was a small Engineer grouip working in the rear as support to the 9th Army.  In July 1945, Lawrence was transferred to a different Engineer group until he returned home in Feb 1946.  The 1146 Engineer Combat Group returned to the US in late Nov 1945 and was deactivated.
  • Driver, Light Truck
  • Mechanic.
  • 3/4 Ton Truck hauling telephone equipment and a crew of 5 linemen.
  • Driver - Jeep transporting military personnel.
  • Performed Black-out & night driving in combat zones in Europe.
Awarded Two Overseas Bars even though he served 18 months in Europe.

Last Unit Assignment was HQ Co 1146 Engineer Combat Group (no other information provided).

Place of Separation per WD AGO 53-55 was Jefferson Barracks, Missouri.  Separation due to Demobilization (of Unit).

   
Other Comments:

Information in this Army Profile was provided by Peter McCloud, son to  Lawrence McCloud and inserted into the Profile by
Gary McJimsey, Army TWS, VPA.  It was a pleasure to work with Peter in creating this Army Profile for a good and dedicated soldier of WWII as evidenced by the two Bronze Stars awarded to Lawrence.

  
   


World War II
Start Year
1941
End Year
1945

Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Apr 6, 2010
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1594 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Lucian, S/Sgt, (1943-1945)
  • Alcorn, Albert Franklin, PFC, (1942-1946)
  • Alcorn, Roy Anvil, T/5, (1944-1946)
  • Anderson, Howard, T/Sgt, (1941-1945)
  • Anderson, Leroy Clark, Sgt, (1941-1944)
  • Argo, James, S/Sgt, (1942-1945)
  • Arnold, Clifford Hood, COL, (1910-1945)
  • Atchley, Oren, LTC, (1940-1950)
  • Baldonado, Regalado, Sgt, (1942-1946)
  • Ballard, Clarence Commodore, CPT, (1941-1950)
  • Baron, Harold, PFC, (1941-1945)
  • Baum, Abraham Jasper, MAJ, (1941-1946)
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