Rusk, David Dean, COL

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Last Primary MOS
1543-Infantry Heavy Mortar Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Officer)
Primary Unit
1945-1946, Washington Headquarters Services, Office of Secretary of Defense (SECDEF)
Service Years
1940 - 1946
Official/Unofficial US Army Certificates
Cold War Certificate

Infantry

Colonel


Five Service Stripes


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Georgia
Georgia
Year of Birth
1909
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSG Jerry Dennis to remember Rusk, David Dean, COL.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Cherokee County, Georgia
Last Address
Athens, Georgia

Date of Passing
Dec 20, 1994
 
Location of Interment
Oconee Hill Cemetery - Athens, Georgia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot: Section J Lot Se 1/4 13

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
US Presidential Cabinet Secretary. From 1961 until 1969, he served as the United States Secretary of State during the administrations of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Born David Dean Rusk, in Cherokee County, Georgia, into impoverished circumstances, his father was a Presbyterian minster whom struggled with illness for which forced him into the occupation of farmer, his mother was a schoolteacher. He received his Bachelor of Arts from Davidson College in North Carolina and during his collegiate years, he distinguished himself as a standout athlete whom participated on the school' s basketball team. After attending Oxford University on a Rhodes scholarship, he attained his Bachelors of Science and Master of Arts degrees from St. John's College. After the United States was thrust into World War II, Rusk enlisted with the Army and was stationed in the China-Burma-India Theater. He attained the rank of colonel and was the recipient of the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Clusters. It was during this period in which Rusk developed a vast knowledge of the region for which served him well during his tenure as US Secretary of State. After his return home, he served as an advisor to General George Marshall and later Secretary of State Dean Acheson. From 1952 until his appointment by President Kennedy for Secretary of State, Rusk served as president of the Rockefeller Foundation for which prioritized efforts in improving environmental conditions for poor nations worldwide. As Secretary of State, Rusk provided key advisement to President Kennedy during the "Cuban Missile Crisis" (1962) and recommended the "quarantine" policy which prevented Soviet vessels from transporting additional missiles. After the Soviets backed down, Rusk made the famous quote "We've been eyeball to eyeball and the other fellow just blinked". Following President Kennedy's assassination, Rusk remained on President Johnson's cabinet and during that period, he was a stalwart supporter of the administration's policy on the Vietnam conflict. After leaving Washington, DC in 1969, he returned to his native Georgia where he taught law at the University of Georgia. Additionally, he was the author of several books. He died at the age of 95 in Athens, Georgia.

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World War II
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
September / 1945

Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
September / 1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1630 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Lucian, S/Sgt, (1943-1945)
  • Alcorn, Albert Franklin, PFC, (1942-1946)
  • Alcorn, Roy Anvil, T/5, (1944-1946)
  • Anderson, Howard, T/Sgt, (1941-1945)
  • Anderson, Leroy Clark, Sgt, (1941-1944)
  • Argo, James, S/Sgt, (1942-1945)
  • Arnold, Clifford Hood, COL, (1910-1945)
  • Atchley, Oren, LTC, (1940-1950)
  • Baldonado, Regalado, Sgt, (1942-1946)
  • Ballard, Clarence Commodore, CPT, (1941-1950)
  • Baron, Harold, PFC, (1941-1945)
  • Baum, Abraham Jasper, MAJ, (1941-1946)
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