Hays, George Price (MOH), LTG

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Lieutenant General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1952-1953, 00GC, US Forces Austria (USFA)
Service Years
1917 - 1953

US

Lieutenant General



Seven Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

58 kb

Home Country
China
China
Year of Birth
1892
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by MAJ Mark E Cooper to remember Hays, George Price (MOH), LTG.

If you knew or served with this Soldier and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
El Reno, OK
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Aug 07, 1978
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
SECTION 11 SITE 540-2

 Official Badges 

10th Mountain Division 2nd Infantry Division 34th Infantry Division 3rd Infantry Division




 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

LTG George P. Hays

Medal of Honor Recipient

 George P. Hays was born in 1892 in China, where his parents were missionaries. He spent his youth in El Reno, Oklahoma, graduating from high school there and from Oklahoma A&M (Oklahoma State University now)with a B.S. degree. He earned a commission early in World War I and was assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division. He remained with that division throughout the war, participating in the fighting at Chateau-Thiery,Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne.
In the second battle of the Marne, General Hays earned the Nation's highest tribute, the Congressional Medal of Honor. He personally carried vital messages between front line units and their supporting artillery. Seven horses were shot from under him.
Between World War I and II, General Hays attended various Army schools including the battery officers course at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1921-22; Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1932-34; and Army War College, 1939-40. Between these schools he served as Assistant PMS&T at Cornell 1922-26; with the 18th Field Artillery school troops at Fort Sill from 1926-30; the 24th Field Artillery, Fort Stotsenberg, Philippine Islands,from 1930-32; the 6th Field Artillery, Ft. Hoyle, Maryland, 1934-36 and as G-4,Sixth Corps Area, From 1936 to 1939.
General Hays organized and commanded the 99th field Artillery, Pack in 1940,remaining in command until 1941, when he went to the Operations Division of the War Department and then to GHQ as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3. He served in that capacity until he joined the 2nd Infantry Division in March 1942 as commanding general of artillery. While the division was in Northern Ireland training for the invasion of the continent, he was assigned in Italy as temporary artillery commander of the 34th Division in the assault on Cassino. He then returned to the 2nd Division artillery which landed at Omaha Beach on D-Day plus-one. He remained with the division through the reduction of Brest and the initial actions against the Siegfried Line, then was assigned to command the 10th Mountain Division, and lead it into action inItaly.
The 10th, the only U.S. mountain division, made up largely of trained mountaineers, skiers and woodsmen, was engaged in some of the heaviest fighting in the Apennines to clear the way for the 5th Army's advance.
With the end of World War II hostilities, the 10th had the task of occupying Trieste and the disputed Venesia-Giulia province. The division was inactivated November 30, 1945 at Camp Carson, Colorado.
General Hays then commanded the 4th Infantry Division until it too was inactivated at Camp Butner, North Carolina in March 1946. He then joined the Sixth Army as deputy commander at Ninth Service Command Headquarters. With the inactivation of the Service and the transfer of its functions to the Sixth Army, General Hays resumed duty as deputy commander of the Sixth Army.
In September, 1947, General Hays was appointed deputy military governor for Germany. Three months later, he became commanding general of the Office of Military Government for Germany with station at Berlin. He was designated Deputy High commissioner for Germany in December, 1949, and in April, 1952, became commander of the U.S. Forces in Austria, with station at Salzburg.
In addition to the Congressional Medal of Honor, General Hays has received the Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster, Legion of Merit, and the Bronze Star Medal. His foreign decorations include the British Companion of the Bath, the French Legion of Honor and Croix de Guerre with Palm, the Italian War Cross, and Montenagro's Prince Danilo Medal.
General and Mrs. Hays, the former Miss Glayds Stepto, of London, England, have two children, George J. Hays and Mrs. James H. King.
LTG George P. Hays died in 1978.
 

Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, United States Army, 10th Field Artillery, 3d Division.
Place and date: Near Greves Farm, France, 14-July 15, 1918.
Entered service at: Okarche, Oklahoma.
Born: September 27, 1892, China.
General Orders No.34. War Department, 1919.

Citation: At the very outset of the unprecedented artillery bombardment by the enemy, his line of communication was destroyed beyond repair. Despite the hazard attached to the mission of runner, he immediately set out to establish contact with the neighboring post of command and further establish liaison with 2 French batteries, visiting their position so frequently that he was mainly responsible for the accurate fire therefrom. While thus engaged, 7 horses were shot under him and he was severely wounded. His activity under most severe fire was an important factor in checking the advance of the enemy.

 

   
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   1942-1944, 00GD, 2nd Infantry Division

Brigadier General
From Month/Year
March / 1942
To Month/Year
- / 1944
Unit
2nd Infantry Division Unit Page
Rank
Brigadier General
MOS
00GD-Commanding General (Deputy)
Location
Not Specified
Country/State
N. Ireland (United Kingdom)
 
 
 Patch
 2nd Infantry Division Details

2nd Infantry Division

The 2nd Division was first constituted on 21 September 1917 in the Regular Army.It was organized on 26 October 1917 at BourmontHaute Marne, France.
The 2nd Infantry Division  is a formation of the United States Army. Its current primary mission is the pre-emptive defense of South Korea in the event of an invasion from North Korea. There are approximately 17,000 soldiers in the 2nd Infantry Division, with 10,000 of them stationed in South Korea,accounting for about 35% of the United States Forces Korea personnel.



 

The 2nd Infantry Division is unique in that it is the only U.S. Army division that is made up partially of South Korean soldiers, called KATUSAs (Korean Augmentation to the U.S. Army). This program began in 1950 by agreement with the first South Korean president, Syngman Rhee. Some 27,000 KATUSAs served with the U.S. forces at the end of the Korean War. As of May 2006, approximately 1,100 KATUSA soldiers serve with the 2ID. There were also more than 4,748 Dutch soldiers assigned to the division between 1950 and 1954.


Twice during World War I the division was commanded by US Marine Corps generals, Brigadier General Charles A. Doyen and Major General John A. Lejeune (after whom the Marine Corps Camp in North Carolina is named), the only time in U.S. military history when Marine Corps officers commanded an Army division.

Nickname(s)           " IndianHead"

Motto(s)                     Second to None

 

Notable Person(s) Commander 

Charles Augustus Doyen (3 September 1859 ?? 6 October 1918) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps with the rank of brigadier general and the first recipient of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.


 He organized and commanded the 5th Marine Regiment in World War I, and in France took command of the 4th Brigade, 2d Division, composed of the 5th and 6th Marine Regiments and the 6th Machine Gun Battalion. From 26 October to 8 November 1917, he served as commanding general, 2nd Division (United States), the first Marine officer to command a U.S. Army division. He returned to the United States, dying of influenza during the height of the global pandemic on 6 October 1918 at Quantico, Virginia.The 4th Brigade went on to win a historic victory in Belleau Wood. Brigadier General Doyen's contribution to these victories was recognized by the posthumous award of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the first to ever be awarded.


 

Charles Augustus Doyen
Charles A. Doyen.jpg
BGen Charles A. Doyen



Notable Person (s) Commander 

John Archer Lejeune (January 10, 1867 ?? November 20, 1942) was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general and the 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Lejeune had nearly 40 years service in the Marine Corps including commanding the U.S. Army's 2nd Division during World War I. His service with the Marine Corps after he retired was as the 5th Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute.

Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina was named in his honor during World War II. Lejeune is often referred to in the present day as being the "greatest of all Leathernecks" and the "Marine's Marine."

 
John A. Lejeune c1920.jpg
Major General John A. Lejeune, U.S. Marine Corps, 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps (1920??1929)


MOH Recipient(s) Private Frank J. Bart U.S. Army, Company C, 9th Infantry, 2nd Division.
being on duty as a company runner, when the advance was held up by machinegun fire voluntarily picked up an automatic rifle, ran out ahead of the line, and silenced a hostile machinegun nest, killing the German gunners. The advance then continued, and when it was again hindered shortly afterward by another machinegun nest this courageous soldier repeated his bold exploit by putting the second machinegun out of action.

 


PVT Frank J. Bart



MOH Recipient(s) SFC Junior D. Edwards,U.S. Army, Company E, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. 
SFC Edwards, Company E, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When his platoon, while assisting in the defense of a strategic hill, was forced out of its position and came under vicious raking fire from an enemy machine gun set up on adjacent high ground, SFC Edwards individually charged the hostile emplacement, throwing grenades as he advanced. The enemy withdrew but returned to deliver devastating fire when he had expended his ammunition. Securing a fresh supply of grenades, he again charged the emplacement, neutralized the weapon and killed the crew, but was forced back by hostile small-arms fire. When the enemy emplaced another machine gun and resumed fire, SFC Edwards again renewed his supply of grenades, rushed a third time through a vicious hail of fire, silenced this second gun and annihilated its crew. In this third daring assault he was mortally wounded but his indomitable courage and successful action enabled his platoon to regain and hold the vital strongpoint. SFC Edwards' consummate valor and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the utmost glory upon himself and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the Infantry and military service. 
 

JUNIOR D. EDWARDS
SFC Junior D. Edwards 

MOH Recipient (s) Corporal Victor H. Espinoza,U.S. Army, Company A, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. 
 For acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an Acting Rifleman in Company A, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division during combat operations against an armed enemy in Chorwon, Korea on 1 August 1952. On that day, Corporal Espinoza and his unit were responsible for securing and holding a vital enemy hill. As the friendly unit neared its objective, it was subjected to a devastating volume of enemy fire, slowing its progress. Corporal Espinoza, unhesitatingly and being fully aware of the hazards involved, left his place of comparative safety and made a deliberate one man assault on the enemy with his rifle and grenades, destroying a machinegun and killing its crew. Corporal Espinoza continued across the fire-swept terrain to an exposed vantage point where he attacked an enemy mortar position and two bunkers with grenades and rifle fire, knocking out the enemy mortar position and destroying both bunkers and killing their occupants. Upon reaching the crest, and after running out of rifle ammunition, he called for more grenades. A comrade who was behind him threw some Chinese grenades to him. Immediately upon catching them, he pulled the pins and hurled them into the occupied trenches, killing and wounding more of the enemy with their own weapons. Continuing on through a tunnel, Corporal Espinoza made a daring charge, inflicting at least seven more casualties upon the enemy who were fast retreating into the tunnel. Corporal Espinoza was quickly in pursuit, but the hostile fire from the opening prevented him from overtaking the retreating enemy. As a result, Corporal Espinoza destroyed the tunnel with TNT, called for more grenades from his company, and hurled them at the enemy troops until they were out of reach. Corporal Espinoza??s incredible display of valor secured the vital strong point and took a heavy toll on the enemy, resulting in at least fourteen dead and eleven wounded. Corporal Espinoza??s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.
 

Corporal Victor H. Espinoza

Victor H. Espinoza


Type
Command Element
Existing/Disbanded
Existing
Parent Unit
Infantry Divisions
Strength
Division
Created/Owned By
Sanchez, Gilbert, Sr., PFC 13
   

Last Updated: Jun 7, 2018
   
   
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27 Members Also There at Same Time
2nd Infantry Division

Robertson, Walter, MG, (1912-1950) USA 00GD Brigadier General
Stokes, John, MG, (1918-1956) USA 00GD Brigadier General
Robertson, Walter, MG, (1912-1950) USA 00GC Major General
Lee, John C.H., LTG, (1909-1947) USA 00GC Brigadier General
Stokes, John, MG, (1918-1956) LO 2625 Lieutenant Colonel
Hartel, Frederick, BG, (1928-1966) IN 1542 Major
MacDonald, Charles Brown, COL, (1942-1945) IN 1542 Captain
Rudder, James Earl, MG, (1932-1967) IN 1542 Captain
Akins, T W, S/Sgt, (1941-1945) IN 745 Staff Sergeant
Simonetti, John R., S/Sgt, (1941-1944) IN 745 Staff Sergeant
Van Noy, Barney, Sgt MD 657 Sergeant
Waybright, Glen M., T/4, (1944-1946) QM 60 Technician Fourth Grade
Bolio, Robert, Cpl, (1943-1945) IN 745 Corporal
McIllwain, Ernest Grover, T/5, (1941-1944) OD 656 Technician Fifth Grade
Beck, Felix, PFC, (1943-1945) IN 745 Private First Class
Dyer, George, PFC, (1941-1944) IN 745 Private First Class
Hernandez, Domingo, PFC, (1942-1944) IN 521 Private First Class
Hernandez, Domingo, PFC, (1942-1944) IN 521 Private First Class
Lewis, Marcus H., Pvt, (1942-1944) IN 521 Private First Class
Lewis, Marcus H., Pvt, (1942-1944) CV 761 Private First Class
Myers, Louis E., PFC, (1941-1944) IN 745 Private First Class
Thomas, Howard E., PFC, (1943-1944) IN 745 Private First Class
Standing, Glen Wilford, Pvt, (1943-1944) IN 745 Private
Van Fleet, James Alward, GEN, (1911-1962) Brigadier General
Stokes, John, MG, (1918-1956) IN Colonel
Barsanti, Olinto Mark, MG, (1940-1971) Lieutenant Colonel
Cowan, Kay Kipling, COL, (1938-1968) Captain
Watts, Donald, COL, (1942-1968) IN First Lieutenant
Sherman, Earl William, M/Sgt, (1937-1950) Sergeant
Kimbro, Truman Carol, T/4, (1941-1944) Technician Fourth Grade
Wilson, Robert R, 1LT, (1939-1953) First Lieutenant
Plasity, Peter, Pvt, (1942-1944) Private

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