Samouce, James, COL

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Last Rank
Last Service Branch
Field Artillery
Last Primary MOS
1193-Field Artillery Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Field Artillery (Officer)
Primary Unit
1950-1953, 4200, Second Army (2nd Army)
Service Years
1920 - 1953
Foreign Language(s)
Official/Unofficial US Army Certificates
Cold War Certificate

Field Artillery


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Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by COL Samuel Russell to remember Samouce, James, COL.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Alexandria, Virginia
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Sep 24, 1995
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
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Last Known Activity
For James Alexander “Duke” Samouce was born into a large, well educated, land-owning White Russian family in Poltava, the Ukraine, and grandson of Russian Orthodox priests.  The disastrous Russo-Japanese war changed what would have been a privileged life.  His parents, convinced of perilous times ahead for Russia and desiring future security for their children decided to emigrate, first to Ontario, Canada and ultimately to Lynchburg, Virginia.

          Duke graduated at 19 from West Point in 1920 in the short two-year World War I course.  His promotion was very slow during the deceptive peace doldrums before WWII.  He had been a Lieutenant for 15 years, a Captain for 5 by 1940, and then rose to Colonel in two-and-a-half years because of the rapid expansion of the Army.

          Duke taught math and physics at West Point from 1928—34; was G-4, Alaska Defense Command from 1941—42, flying all over Alaska overseeing rapid expansion of our defenses and was with the Naval Commander during the Japanese attack on Dutch Harbor.  In 1942—43 he was Operations Officer, Field Artillery School, Ft Sill, Oklahoma, which had expanded sixty-fold to 6,000 students; he digested artillery reports from all battle zones and infused newly-learned principles into the curriculum.  August—November 1943 he was sent to Camp Livingston, Louisiana, to take the 46th FA Brigade overseas when it completed its third attempt to qualify.  It failed again and was disbanded.  So, back to Ft. Sill to be Executive, School Troops Brigade.  Finally, in December 1944 he was given command of the 431st FA Group of five battalions at Camp Gruber, OK, prepared it for overseas by April 1945, but VE-Day followed soon after and the battalions were shipped piecemeal to the Pacific Theater.  Duke remained to demobilize the 417th FA Group and other troops returning from Europe, and to train two Chemical Battalions.

          In November 1945, Duke was ordered to occupation duty in Germany.  Duke suffered a painful ruptured disk and was taken by stretcher on a round trip to Frankfurt, then back to Letterman General Hospital in San Francisco.  In October 1946 he married Mrs. Elton Foote Hall Hunter, widow of Lt. Col. Richard G. Hunter, who had been a prisoner in the Philippines and ultimately lost his life when the prisoner transport ship Arisan Maru was sunk by U.S. torpedoes. 

In December 1946 after his release from Letterman Hospital, Duke was assigned to Vienna, Austria as the Deputy US Commander, Vienna Inter-Allied Command with continual 4-Power conferences.

In August 1950 Duke was assigned to Ft Meade, Maryland as the Deputy G-4, Second Army during the rearming and conduct of the Korean conflict.  Duke retired July 31, 1953 after 33 years of active Army service.

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   1928-1934, United States Military Academy West Point (Staff-USMA)

First Lieutenant
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West Point
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 United States Military Academy West Point (Staff-USMA) Details

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Last Updated: Oct 28, 2012
My Photos For This Unit
West Point Physics Department
34 Members Also There at Same Time
United States Military Academy West Point (Staff-USMA)

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Bradley, Omar, GA, (1915-1981) Major
Farrell, Francis William, LTG, (1920-1960) Major
Davidson, Garrison Holt, LTG, (1927-1964) Captain
Samouce, Wellington Alexander, COL, (1924-1954) Captain
Byers, Clovis Ethelbert, LTG, (1920-1959) First Lieutenant
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McCunniff, Dennis, BG, (1913-1949) IN Lieutenant Colonel
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Nulsen, Charles, BG, (1908-1947) IN Major
Raynor, Harold, COL, (1912-1946) CV Major
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McInerney, James Eugene Bernard, COL, (1914-1954) USA Captain
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Reber, Miles, MG, (1923-1955) DO Captain
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Weems, George, BG, (1917-1951) IM 2622 Captain
Williamson, Raymond E. S., BG, (1917-1954) AG 2260 Captain
Oxx, Francis, BG, (1920-1951) EN First Lieutenant
Roberts, Frank, MG, (1916-1957) IN First Lieutenant
Schick, Lawrence, BG, (1920-1961) CV First Lieutenant
Tansey, Patrick, MG, (1918-1953) IM 2622 First Lieutenant
Wicks, Roger, BG, (1918-1950) IM 2622 First Lieutenant
Boye, Frederic William, BG, (1915-1950) Major
Zundel, Edwin Albert, BG, (1915-1952) Major
Cowles, Miles, BG, (1917-1953) Captain
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Taylor, Maxwell Davenport, GEN, (1922-1964) First Lieutenant
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Byers, Clovis Ethelbert, LTG, (1920-1959) First Lieutenant
Richardson, Robert C, GEN, (1904-1946) IM 2500 Lieutenant Colonel
Office of the Commanding General, United States Military Academy

Smith, William, MG, (1892-1932) Major General
USMA Military Police Company

Mumma, Harlan, BG, (1916-1948) MP 9100 Major

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