Patch
Unit Details

Strength
Division
 
Type
Cavalry Unit
 
Existing/Disbanded
Existing
Year
1921 - Present

Description


The Division Flag of the "First Team"




1921 to 1933 the Division was structured around the horse riding concept in defined Regiments.

1933 to 1943 the Division was structured around the Triangle mechanized and motorized concept.

1943 to 1949 the Division was changed to the square concept as mainly a Infantry Division for fighting in the jungles of the Pacific.

1949 to 1957 The Division was changed to the Triangular Division. The 5th, 7th and 8th Cavalry Regiments were retained and the 12th Cavalry Regiment was deactivated. This was for Korean War and duty on the Korean DMZ.

1957 to 1964 The Division was changed to the Pentomic structure into Battle Groups

1965 to 1971 The Division became Air Mobile structure as they deployed to Vietnam.

1971 to 1975  The Division was configured into the TRICAP (Triple Capability) Division was organized with Armored, Infantry and Air Cavalry Brigades.

1975 to 2001 The division was converted to an Armored Division.

2001 to 2005 The Division had initiated a series of unit change overs of the division organization and equipment replacements to support and field the FORCE XXI integrated combat system capabilities.

2005 to 2013 The division Division was reorganized and transitioned to a (Modular) Modified Table of Organization and Equipment (MTOE) Unit of Action.

2013 to 2016 The Division implementing ARFORGEN, a transformational force generation model. This returned the Division Artillery, The 4th BCT was inactivated, The Sustainment Brigade was renamed and added, All STBs within the Division were inactivated.

2016 to present The Army announced a pilot program, 'associated units', in which a National Guard or Reserve unit would now train with a specific active Army formation. These units would wear the patch of the specific Army division before their deployment to a theater.

Notable Persons
Korean War MOH 1950 - 1LT Samuel Streit Coursen
 Awarded for actions during the Korean War
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to First Lieutenant (Infantry) Samuel Streit Coursen, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company C, 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, in action against enemy aggressor forces at Kaesong, Korea, on 12 October 1950.

While Company C was attacking Hill 174 under heavy enemy small-arms fire, First Lieutenant Coursen's platoon received enemy fire from close range. The platoon returned the fire and continued to advance. During this phase one his men moved into a well-camouflaged emplacement, which was thought to be unoccupied, and was wounded by the enemy who were hidden within the emplacement.

Seeing the soldier in difficulty he rushed to the man's aid and, without regard for his personal safety, engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat in an effort to protect his wounded comrade until he himself was killed. When his body was recovered after the battle seven enemy dead were found in the emplacement. As the result of First Lieutenant Coursen's violent struggle several of the enemies' heads had been crushed with his rifle. His aggressive and intrepid actions saved the life of the wounded man, eliminated the main position of the enemy roadblock, and greatly inspired the men in his command.

First Lieutenant Coursen's extraordinary heroism and intrepidity reflect the highest credit on himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 57 (August 2, 1951)
Action Date: 12-Oct-50
Service: Army
Rank: First Lieutenant
Company: Company C
Battalion: 1st Battalion
Regiment: 5th Cavalry Regiment
Division: 1st Cavalry Division
 
Korean War MOH 1950 - 1LT Robert Milton McGovern
Awarded posthumously for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to First Lieutenant (Infantry) Robert Milton McGovern, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company A, 5th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, in action against enemy aggressor forces at Kamyangjan-ni, Korea, on 30 January 1951.

As First Lieutenant McGovern led his platoon up a slope to engage hostile troops emplaced in bunker-type pillboxes with connecting trenches, the unit came under heavy machinegun and rifle fire from the crest of the hill, approximately 75 yards distant. Despite a wound sustained in this initial burst of withering fire, First Lieutenant McGovern, assured the men of his ability to continue on and urged them forward. Forging up the rocky incline, he fearlessly led the platoon to within several yards of its objective when the ruthless foe threw and rolled a vicious barrage of hand grenades on the group and halted the advance. Enemy fire increased in volume and intensity and First Lieutenant McGovern realizing that casualties were rapidly increasing and the morale of his men badly shaken, hurled back several grenades before they exploded.

Then, disregarding his painful wound and weakened condition he charged a machinegun emplacement which was raking his position with flanking fire. When he was within ten yards of the position a burst of fire ripped the carbine from his hands, but, undaunted, he continued his lone-man assault and, firing his pistol and throwing grenades, killed seven hostile soldiers before falling mortally wounded in front of the gun he had silenced.

First Lieutenant McGovern's incredible display of valor imbued his men with indomitable resolution to avenge his death. Fixing bayonets and throwing grenades, they charged with such ferocity that hostile positions were overrun and the enemy routed from the hill.

The inspirational leadership, unflinching courage, and intrepid actions of First Lieutenant McGovern reflected utmost glory on himself and the honored tradition of the military services.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 2 (January 8, 1952)
Action Date: 30-Jan-51
Service: Army
Rank: First Lieutenant
Company: Company A
Regiment: 5th Cavalry Regiment
Division: 1st Cavalry Division
Korean War MOH 1951 - COL Lloyd Burke
Citation reads as:

COLONEL LLOYD L. (SCOOTER) BURKE, (then First Lieutenant) U.S. Army, Company G, 5th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, Near Chong-dong, Korea, 28 October 1951, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Intense enemy fire had pinned down leading elements of his company committed to secure commanding ground when 1st Lt. Burke left the command post to rally and urge the men to follow him toward 3 bunkers impeding the advance. Dashing to an exposed vantage point he threw several grenades at the bunkers, then, returning for an M1 rifle and adapter, he made a lone assault, wiping out the position and killing the crew. Closing on the center bunker he lobbed grenades through the opening and, with his pistol, killed 3 of its occupants attempting to surround him. Ordering his men forward he charged the third emplacement, catching several grenades in midar and hurling them back at the enemy. Inspired by his display of valor his men stormed forward, overran the hostile position, but were again pinned down by increased fire. Securing a light machine gun and 3 boxes of ammunition, 1st Lt. Burke dashed through the impact area to an open knoll, set up his gun and poured a crippling fire into the ranks of the enemy, killing approximately 75. Although wounded, he ordered more ammunition, reloading and destroying 2 mortar emplacements and a machine gun position with his accurate fire. Cradling the weapon in his arms he then led his men forward, killing some 25 more of the retreating enemy and securing the objective. 1st Lt. Burke's heroic action and daring exploits inspired his small force of 35 troops. His unflinching courage and outstanding leadership reflect the highest credit upon himself, the infantry, and the U.S. Army.
Vietnam War MOH 1965 - LTC Bruce Crandall
On February 26, 2007, Crandall was awarded the Medal of Honor by President George Bush for his actions at the Battle of la Drang.

    For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty: Major Bruce P. Crandall distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism as a Flight Commander in the Republic of Vietnam, while serving with Company A, 229th Assault Helicopter Battalion, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). On 14 November 1965, his flight of sixteen helicopters was lifting troops for a search and destroy mission from Plei Me, Vietnam, to Landing Zone X-Ray in the Ia Drang Valley. On the fourth troop lift, the airlift began to take enemy fire, and by the time the aircraft had refueled and returned for the next troop lift, the enemy had Landing Zone X-Ray targeted. As Major Crandall and the first eight helicopters landed to discharge troops on his fifth troop lift, his unarmed helicopter came under such intense enemy fire that the ground commander ordered the second flight of eight aircraft to abort their mission. As Major Crandall flew back to Plei Me, his base of operations, he determined that the ground commander of the besieged infantry battalion desperately needed more ammunition. Major Crandall then decided to adjust his base of operations to Artillery Firebase Falcon in order to shorten the flight distance to deliver ammunition and evacuate wounded soldiers. While medical evacuation was not his mission, he immediately sought volunteers and with complete disregard for his own personal safety, led the two aircraft to Landing Zone X-Ray. Despite the fact that the landing zone was still under relentless enemy fire, Major Crandall landed and proceeded to supervise the loading of seriously wounded soldiers aboard his aircraft. Major Crandall's voluntary decision to land under the most extreme fire instilled in the other pilots the will and spirit to continue to land their own aircraft, and in the ground forces the realization that they would be resupplied and that friendly wounded would be promptly evacuated. This greatly enhanced morale and the will to fight at a critical time. After his first medical evacuation, Major Crandall continued to fly into and out of the landing zone throughout the day and into the evening. That day he completed a total of 22 flights, most under intense enemy fire, retiring from the battlefield only after all possible service had been rendered to the Infantry battalion. His actions provided critical resupply of ammunition and evacuation of the wounded. Major Crandall's daring acts of bravery and courage in the face of an overwhelming and determined enemy are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.
DSC Vietnam 1965 - LTG Harold Moore
Awarded for actions during the Vietnam War

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918 (amended by act of July 25, 1963), takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Colonel (Infantry), [then Lieutenant Colonel] Harold Gregory Moore, Jr. (ASN: 0-27678), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed hostile force in the Republic of Vietnam. During the period 14 through 16 November 1965, Colonel Moore, Commanding Officer, 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), was participating with his unit in a vital search and destroy operation in the la Drang Valley, Republic of Vietnam. Upon entering the landing zone with the first rifle company, Colonel Moore personally commenced the fire-fight to gain control of the zone by placing accurate fire upon the Viet Cong from an exposed position in his hovering helicopter. Throughout the initial assault phase, Colonel Moore repeatedly exposed himself to intense hostile fire to insure the proper and expedient deployment of friendly troops. By his constant movement and repeated exposure to this insurgent fire, Colonel Moore, with complete disregard for his own personal safety, set the standard for his combat troops by a courageous display of "leadership by example" which characterized all his actions throughout the long and deadly battle. Inspired by his constant presence and active participation against the overwhelming insurgent hordes, the friendly forces solidified their perimeter defenses and repulsed numerous Viet Cong assaults. On 15 November 1965, the embattled battalion was again attacked by a three-pronged insurgent assault aimed at surrounding and destroying the friendly forces in one great advance. With great skill and foresight, Colonel Moore moved from position to position, directing accurate fire and giving moral support to the defending forces. By his successful predictions of insurgent attack plans, he was able to thwart all their efforts by directing barrages of small arms, mortar, and artillery fire in conjunction with devastating air strikes against Viet Cong positions and attack zones. As the grueling battle continued into the third day, another large Viet Cong strike was repulsed through Colonel Moore's ability to shift men and firepower at a moment's notice against the savage, last-ditch efforts of the insurgents to break through the friendly positions. Colonel Moore's battalion, inspired by his superb leadership, combat participation, and moral support, finally decimate the well-trained and numerically superior Viet Cong force so decidedly that they withdrew in defeat, leaving over 800 of their dead on the battlefield, and resulting in a great victory for the 1st Battalion. Colonel Moore's extraordinary heroism and gallantry in action were in keeping with the highest tradition of the United States Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Army, Pacific, General Orders No. 126 (June 1, 1966)

Action Date: November 14 - 16, 1965
Service: Army
Battalion: 1st Battalion
Regiment: 7th Cavalry Regiment
Division: 1st Cavalry Division
Vietnam War MOH 1968 - SGT John Noble Holcomb
Sergeant Holcomb's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

    For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Holcomb distinguished himself while serving as a squad leader in Company D during a combat assault mission. Sgt. Holcomb's company assault had landed by helicopter and deployed into a hasty defensive position to organize for a reconnaissance-in-force mission when it was attacked from 3 sides by an estimated battalion-size enemy force. Sgt. Holcomb's squad was directly in the path of the main enemy attack. With complete disregard for the heavy fire, Sgt. Holcomb moved among his men giving encouragement and directing fire on the assaulting enemy. When his machine gunner was knocked out, Sgt. Holcomb seized the weapon, ran to a forward edge of the position, and placed withering fire on the enemy. His gallant actions caused the enemy to withdraw. Sgt. Holcomb treated and carried his wounded to a position of safety and reorganized his defensive sector despite a raging grass fire ignited by the incoming enemy mortar and rocket rounds. When the enemy assaulted the position a second time, Sgt. Holcomb again manned the forward machine gun, devastating the enemy attack and forcing the enemy to again break contact and withdraw. During the enemy withdrawal an enemy rocket hit Sgt. Holcomb's position, destroying his machine gun and severely wounding him. Despite his painful wounds, Sgt. Holcomb crawled through the grass fire and exploding mortar and rocket rounds to move the members of his squad, everyone of whom had been wounded, to more secure positions. Although grievously wounded and sustained solely by his indomitable will and courage, Sgt. Holcomb as the last surviving leader of his platoon organized his men to repel the enemy, crawled to the platoon radio and reported the third enemy assault on his position. His report brought friendly supporting fires on the charging enemy and broke the enemy attack. Sgt. Holcomb's inspiring leadership, fighting spirit, in action at the cost of his life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
Vietnam War MOH 1970 - SP 4 JOHN P. Baca
Medal of Honor Official Citation reads:
    For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. Baca, Company D, distinguished himself while serving on a recoilless rifle team during a night ambush mission. A platoon from his company was sent to investigate the detonation of an automatic ambush device forward of his unit's main position and soon came under intense enemy fire from concealed positions along the trail. Hearing the heavy firing from the platoon position and realizing that his recoilless rifle team could assist the members of the besieged patrol, Sp4c. Baca led his team through the hail of enemy fire to a firing position within the patrol's defensive perimeter. As they prepared to engage the enemy, a fragmentation grenade was thrown into the midst of the patrol. Fully aware of the danger to his comrades, Sp4c. Baca unhesitatingly, and with complete disregard for his own safety, covered the grenade with his steel helmet and fell on it as the grenade exploded, thereby absorbing the lethal fragments and concussion with his body. His gallant action and total disregard for his personal well-being directly saved 8 men from certain serious injury or death. The extraordinary courage and selflessness displayed by Sp4c. Baca, at the risk of his life, are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
OIF Silver Star 2004 - CPL Jose Velez
Corporal Jose Alfredo "Freddy" Velez, United States Army, was awarded the Silver Star (Posthumously) for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving with Company A, 2d Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, during combat operations in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM on 4 November 2004. When his unit was attacked in Fallujah, Iraq, Corporal Velez was killed by a sniper as he stood over wounded comrades in efforts to shield them from enemy fire. Corporal Velez's gallant actions and dedicated devotion to duty, without regard for his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.
OIF Silver Star 2007 - CW3 Cornell C. Chao
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Cornell C. Chao, Chief Warrant Officer 3, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as Pilot of an AH-64D Longbow Apache Helicopter with the 4th Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment, 1st Air Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, during combat operations in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, on 28 January 2007, near An Najaf, Iraq. On that date, Chief Warrant Officer Three Chao was dispatched to the city of An Najaf to assist and support coalition troops who had come in contact with enemy forces. Arriving support aircraft was attacked with heavy machine gun fire and rocket propelled grenades and Chief Warrant Officer Three Chao placed his helicopter in the direct line of enemy fire so that another air crew that was under attack could maneuver out of danger. Over the next fifteen minutes he bravely flew in the face of intense enemy fire to support the coalition ground forces until his aircraft was struck and crashed, killing Chief Warrant Officer Three Chao.
 
Unit Videos 
 
 

Unit Documents
 Armored Reconnaissance Squadron in Decisive Action: Forging Cavalry for the Armored Brigade Combat
 1st Cavalry Operation White Wing-Masher Part 2 - 28 April 1966
 AAR - Operation Silver Bayonet 12-21 Nov 1965
 HHC 1st Cavalry Division TOE - 1 July 1965


Unit Web Links
1st Cavalry Division


22 Members Who Served in This Unit


 
  • Coleman, Lloyd, SPC, (1988-1996)
  • Collins, Brendan, SGT, (1989-1993)
  • Compher, Craig, PFC, (1964-1969)
  • Davis, Merle, SP 4, (1967-1969)
  • DeCamp, William, PFC, (1973-1981)
  • Delorme, Gary, SGT, (1989-1993)
  • Faison, Ernest, SP 4, (1969-1975)
  • Greene, Robert, PV1, (1992-1994)
  • Griffin, Terry, MSG, (1970-2000)
  • Gulvas, William, SGT, (1965-1967)
  • Hyde, Marcus, 1SG, (1981-Present)
  • Jimenez Solera, Alfredo, SPC 3C, (1954-1957)
  • Jones, John, SSG, (1989-2001)
  • Jorgensen, David, SGT, (2003-2013)
  • Longmate, Art, SP 5, (1966-1969)
  • May, Richard, SP 4, (1968-1970)
  • Mcmillian, Clifford, SP 4, (1969-1971)
  • Robertson, Gary, CPL, (1988-1991)
  • Scarbrough, Chris, PFC, (1979-1982)
  • Skelly, Thomas, SGT, (1968-1970)
  • Smythe, Duane, SGT, (1968-1970)
  • Sparks, Philip, 1SG, (1966-1987)
 

Unit Citations - Display as Table
 
Associated Patches
23436.jpg 25114.png 25113.png 25112.png

25115.png 25116.png
 
Associations
 
Unit History
 
Battle/Operations History
  • Korean War/UN Defensive (1950) (Jun 1950 - Sep 1950)
    • Korean War/UN Offensive (1950) (Sep 1950 - Nov 1950)
    • Korean War/CCF Intervention (1950-51) (Nov 1950 - Jan 1951)
    • Korean War/First UN Counteroffensive (1951) (Jan 1951 - Apr 1951)
    • Korean War/CCF Spring Offensive (1951) (Apr 1951 - July 1951)
      • Korean War/UN Summer-Fall Offensive (1951) (July 1951 - Nov 1951)
         
        Unit News and Information
        'Black Knights' receive combat service patch (May 31, 2017) 1

        CONTINGENCY OPERATING BASE SPEICHER, Iraq "U.S. Soldiers assigned to 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment "Black Knights", 2nd Advise and Assist Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, crowded into a hot conference room to celebrate a milestone event. 

        The Black Knights, deployed from Ft. Hood, Texas, received the combat service patch during a ceremony at Contingency Operating Base Warhorse, Iraq, July 1.

        "From this moment forward, you will have a (combat) patch and no one can take that away from you," said Lt. Col. Chip Daniels, commander, 1st Bn., 5th Cav. Regt., to his Soldiers. "It's what connects you to those who came before us." 

        The unit's role in Iraq, to advise, train and assist their counterparts in the Iraqi Security Forces, allows U.S. Forces to leave an even more stable country when they withdraw, explained Daniels. 

        During the ceremony, Daniels addressed the formation and praised the commitment and positive attitudes maintained by the Soldiers during the deployment. 

        This ceremony served to highlight to the Soldiers that Iraq remains a combat zone and they must stay vigilant, said Daniels. 

        The ceremony, significant for Soldiers who received their first patch, recognized all Soldiers who attended as combat veterans, an attribute shared by very few Americans. 

        It was nice to be recognized as part of the less than one percent of my countrymen who are serving in combat, explained Spc. Nathan Smith, tanker with 1st Bn. 

        This battalion has a storied history and has had a lot of famous Soldiers serve in it, added Smith, who calls Las Vegas home. 

        Command Sergeant Major Patrick Lowery, senior enlisted advisor with the Black Knights, listed the renowned figures who served in 1st Bn., 5th Cav. Regt., providing his Soldiers a link to the past through the patch on their right shoulders. 

        "Our Battalion is unique because of the leaders we have had in the past," he said. "Serving in the unit that was once commanded by Robert E. Lee and George Patton is a story that we can all tell our grandkids about someday."
        Unit Photos (May 24, 2017) 2
        1st Cavalry Division to host Cav Week June 6-9 (May 23, 2017) 
        Black Jack Brigade to conduct color casing ceremony (May 23, 2017) 
         
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        Unit Timeline
        Operation Resolute Support (ORS)
        The Resolute Support (RS) is a NATO-led mission to train, advise and assist the Afghan security forces and institutions. The mission was launched on 1 January 2015, immediately following the stand-dow ... More
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        2015 - 2999
        Division support of Operation Freedom's Sentinel
        In September 2016, the 1st Cavalry Division Headquarters deployed again to Afghanistan, this time with the 1st Cavalry Division Sustainment Brigade alongside it. The headquarters serves as the United ... More
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        2016
        2nd ACBT start first 9 month rotation to Korea
        In June 2015, 2 ABCT was the first rotational brigade deployed to South Korea, relieving 1ABCT/2 ID as it inactivated. 2 ABCT deployed for nine months; in February 2016, the Army called on the First T ... More
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        2015
        Meritorious Unit Commendation
        Criteria
        The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
        Description
        DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY U.S. ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND 1600 SPEARHEAD DIVISION AVENUE FORT KNOX, KY 40122 PERMANENT ORDER 218-10 6 August 2014 Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3d B ... More
        2014
        The Division headquarters returned to Afghanistan
        In June 2014, the division headquarters returned to Afghanistan and assumed command of Regional Command South, replacing the 4th Infantry Division. In October 2014, the division flag returned to Fort ... More
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        2014
        OEF-Afghanistan/Transition I (2011-14)
        2012: Strategic Agreement
        Taliban attacks continued at the same rate as they did in 2011, remaining around 28,000 Taliban "enemy initiated" attacks.

        Reformation of the ... More
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        2011 - 2014
        1st Cavalry Division in Afghanistan
        In May 2011, the division headquarters deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and assumed command of Regional Command East, replacing the 101st Airborne Division. The 1st Infantry Division ... More
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        2012
        2/1 Cavalry in Operation New Dawn
        FORT HOOD, Texas -- For more than eight years the U.S military has actively worked throughout Iraq. Now, with the military drawdown complete, units' can reflect on their legacies they left behind. ... More
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        2012
        Meritorious Unit Commendation
        Criteria
        The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
        Description
        DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY U.S. ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND 1600 SPEARHEAD DIVISION AVENUE FORT KNOX, KY 40122 PERMANENT ORDER 133-08 13 May 2013 Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Combat ... More
        2011
        OEF-Afghanistan/Consolidation III (2009-11)
        In public statements U.S. officials had previously praised Pakistan's military effort against militants during its offensive in South Waziristan in November 2009. Karzai started peace talks with Haqqa ... More
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        2009 - 2011
        OIF/Iraqi Sovereignty (2009-10)
        During 2008 and 2009, all non-U.S. foreign forces withdrew from Iraq. Withdrawal of all non-U.S. forces was complete by 31 July 2009. As of 1 January 2009, the Iraqi government became fully responsibl ... More
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        2009 - 2010
        Meritorious Unit Commendation
        Criteria
        The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
        Description
        DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY U.S. ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND 200 STOVALL STREET ALEXANDRIA VA 22332-0470 PERMANENT ORDERS 167-02 16 June 2010 Headquarters, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry ... More
        2009
        OIF/Iraqi Surge (2007-08)
        In the context of the Iraq War, the surge refers to United States President George W. Bush's 2007 increase in the number of American troops in order to provide security to Baghdad and Al Anbar Provinc ... More
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        2007 - 2008
        OIF/National Resolution (2005-07)
        Elections for a new Iraqi National Assembly were held under the new constitution on 15 December 2005. This election used a proportional system, with approximately 25% of the seats required to be fille ... More
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        2005 - 2007
        1st Cavalry Division transitioned to the Unit of Action
        On 15 July 2005, the 1st Cavalry Division transitioned to the Unit of Action modified table of organization and equipment (MTOE). No longer are battalion-sized elements made up purely of armor and/or ... More
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        2005
        OIF/Iraqi Governance (2004-05)
        In June 2004, under the auspices of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1546 the Coalition transferred limited sovereignty to a caretaker government, whose first act was to begin the trial of S ... More
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        2004 - 2005
        First Team Deploys for OIF-2
        The 1st Cavalry relieved the 1st Armored Division in Baghdad. Among its subordinate formations were: Louisiana's 256th Infantry Brigade; Arkansas' 39th Infantry Brigade; element of A Company, 28th Sig ... More
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        2004
        Bosnia-Herzegovina Stabilization Force (SFOR)
        The 1st Cavalry Division took control of the U.S. peacekeeping contingent in Bosnia-Herzegovina with approximately 6,900 personnel on 20 June 1998, as part of the multinational Stabilization Force (SF ... More
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        1998
        Gulf War/Defense of Saudi Arabia
        In 1990, fellow Arab Gulf states refused to endorse Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's plan to cut production and raise the price of oil, leaving him frustrated and paranoid. Iraq had incurred a mountain o ... More
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        1990 - 1991
        Gulf War/Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
        The Liberation of Kuwait was the campaign to retake Kuwait from Iraq after the massive air campaign, between 24–28 February 1991. U.S. troops and the Coalition entered to find the Iraqis surrend ... More
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        1991 - 1991
        Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm
        The 1st Cavalry next fought as a heavy division, during Operation Desert Storm in January and February 1991. The 1st Cavalry Division deployed in October 1990 as part of VII Corps. The division's 'rou ... More
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        1990
        Cold War Service
        In the aftermath of Vietnam, the 1st Cavalry Division was converted from the air-mobile light infantry role into a triple capabilities (TRICAP) division. The unit received an infusion of mechanized in ... More
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        1975
        1st Cavalry Division returns to Fort Hood
        On 29 April 1971 the bulk of the division was withdrawn to Fort Hood, Texas, but its 3rd Brigade remained as one of the final two major US ground combat units in Vietnam, departing 29 June 1972. Howe ... More
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        1971
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase VII Campaign (1970-71)
        This campaign was from 1 Jul 1970 to 30 June 1971. Fighting continued in Cambodia during early February before and after South Vietnam began its U.S.-aided drive in Laos, Lam Son 719, the most signifi ... More
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        1970 - 1971
        Valorous Unit Award
        Criteria
        The Valorous Unit Award may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States; while engaged in military oper ... More
        Description
        Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered FISH HOOK (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Cavalry Division, cited for the period 01 May to 29 Jun 1970; DA GO 43, 1972)
        1970
        Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Colors) was authorized to be worn by units individually cited for service in military operations in support of the government of Sout ... More
        Description
        Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970 - 1971 (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Rear (Prov) 1st Cavalry Division, cited 21 Feb 1970 to 29 Feb 1971; D ... More
        1970
        1st Cavalry Division participated in the Cambodian Incursion
        In May 1970, the 1st Cavalry Division participated in the Cambodian Incursion, withdrawing from Cambodia on 29 June. Thereafter, the division took a defensive posture while US troops withdrawals conti ... More
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        1970
        Vietnam War/Winter-Spring 1970 Campaign
        This campaign was from 1 November 1969 to 30 April 1970. An increase in enemy-initiated attacks, at the highest level since 4-5 September signaled the start of the first phase of the Communist winter ... More
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        1969 - 1970
        Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Colors) was authorized to be worn by units individually cited for service in military operations in support of the government of Sout ... More
        Description
        Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 - 1970 (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Cavalry Division, cited for the period May 1969 to Feb 1970; DA ... More
        1969
        Vietnam Civil Actions Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The unit citation of the Republic of Vietnam Civil Actions Medal was awarded certain units by the Vietnamese government for meritorious service during the period 1 March 1961 to 28 March 1974.
        Description
        Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 - 1970 (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Cavalry Division, cited for the period 01 Jan 1969 to 01 Feb 1970; ... More
        1969
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase VI Campaign (1968-69)
        This campaign was from 2 November 1968 to 22 February 1969. In November 1968 the South Vietnam government with American support began a concentrated effort to expand security in the countryside. This ... More
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        1968 - 1969
        Vietnam War/Tet 69 Counteroffensive Campaign
        This campaign was from 23 February to 8 June 1969. From Tet 1969 through the month of June, the enemy again tried to sustain an offensive. His inability to do so can be largely attributed to aggressi ... More
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        1969 - 1969
        Vietnam War/Summer-Fall 1969 Campaign
        This campaign was from 9 June to 31 October 1969. During the summer and fall of 1969, conduct of operations was increasingly turned over to Vietnamese, US troops withdrew in greater numbers amid reaff ... More
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        1969 - 1969
        Operation Pegasus to break the siege at Khe Sanh
        In March 1968 the 1st Cavalry Division shifted forces to LZ Stud, the staging area for Operation Pegasus to break the siege of the Marine combat base at Khe Sanh - the second largest battle of the war ... More
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        1968
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase III Campaign (1967-68)
        This campaign was from 1 June 1967 to 29 January 1968.The conflict in South Vietnam remains basically unchanged. As Operation JUNCTION CITY ended, elements of the U.S. 1st and 25th Infantry Divisions, ... More
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        1967 - 1968
        Vietnam War/Tet Counteroffensive Campaign (1968)
        This campaign was from 30 January to 1 April 1968. On 29 January 1968 the Allies began the Tet-lunar new year expecting the usual 36-hour peaceful holiday truce. Because of the threat of a large-scale ... More
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        1968 - 1968
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase IV Campaign (1968)
        This campaign was from 2 April to 30 June 1968. During this period friendly forces conducted a number of battalion-size attritional operations against the enemy.

        Operations PEGASUS-Lam ... More
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        1968 - 1968
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase V Campaign (1968)
        This campaign was from 1 July to 1 November 1968. During this period a country-wide effort was begun to restore government control of territory lost to the enemy since the Tet offensive. The enemy att ... More
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        1968 - 1968
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase II Campaign (1966-67)
        This campaign was from 1 July 1966 to 31 May 1967. United States operations after 1 July 1966 were a continuation of the earlier counteroffensive campaign. Recognizing the interdependence of political ... More
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        1966 - 1967
        Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Campaign (1965-66)
        This campaign was from 25 December 1965 to 30 June 1966. United States operations after 1 July 1966 were a continuation of the earlier counteroffensive campaign. Recognizing the interdependence of pol ... More
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        1965 - 1966
        Army Presidential Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
        Description
        The 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) and attached units, distinguished themselves by outstanding performance of duty and extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy in the Republic of Vietn ... More
        1965
        Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Colors) was authorized to be worn by units individually cited for service in military operations in support of the government of Sout ... More
        Description
        Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965 - 1969 (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Cavalry Division, cited for the period 09 Aug 1965 to 19 May 1969 ... More
        1965
        1st Cavalry Division becomes Airmobile
        The 1st Cavalry Division next fought in the Vietnam War. No longer a conventional infantry unit, the division had become an air assault division as the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), commonly refer ... More
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        1965
        First Team Arrives At An Khe, setup Camp Radcliff
        On 16 August 1965, an advance party from "C" Company, 8th Engineer Battalion, 1st Cavalry Division on board C-130s, arrived at the Nha Trang airbase. This film clip, taken on 21 August, show ... More
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        1965
        The Battle of Ia Drang Valley
        The Battle of Ia Drang comprises two main engagements conducted by the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment that took place on November 14-15, 1965 at LZ X-Ray ("eastern foot of the Chu Pong massi ... More
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        1965
        Vietnam War/Defense Campaign (1965)
        This campaign was 8 March to 24 December 1965. During this campaign the U.S. objective was to hold off the enemy while gaining time needed to build base camps and logistical facilities. The U.S. also ... More
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        1965 - 1965
        Division receives new equipment
        In 1962 the 1st Cavalry Division was the first division to be totally equipped with M14 rifles, M60 machine guns, M79 grenade launchers, Claymore mines, and Huey helicopters for "dust off" m ... More
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        1962
        Duty on the DMZ was hazardous duty
        Duty on the DMZ was hazardous duty and "alerts" were continuous. On 23 November 1962, "A' Troop, 9th Cavalry, manning Outpost Susan, was attacked by a barrage of grenades, that killed o ... More
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        1962
        Unique Demilitarized Zone Police Company (Provisional)
        One of the most unique, and certainly most outstanding unit of the 1st Cavalry Division, was the Demilitarized Zone Police Company (Provisional). The 150 officers and troopers of the company had the i ... More
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        1958
        Division was reorganized to the Pentomic Structure
        When reorganizing the Regular Army Infantry and Armored Divisions in 1957, under the changing world conditions. several changes were necessary in the force levels to accommodate a reduction of 100,000 ... More
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        1957
        Cross of Valour (Greece)
        Criteria
        The Cross of Valour is the second highest (and until 1974 the highest) military decoration of the Greek state, awarded for acts of bravery or distinguished leadership on the field of battle. It has be ... More
        1955
        Cross of Valour (Greece)
        Criteria
        The Cross of Valour is the second highest (and until 1974 the highest) military decoration of the Greek state, awarded for acts of bravery or distinguished leadership on the field of battle. It has be ... More
        Description
        Chryssoun Aristion Andrias (Bravery Gold Medal of Greece), Streamer embroidered KOREA (Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Division, cited; DA GO 2, 1956)
        1955
        Division now stationed along the Korean DMZ
        In July 1953 fighting was stopped by the armed truce. However, North and South Korea have remained officially in a state of war for forty-five years, signified by the fact that over 1,000 UN personnel ... More
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        1953
        Second Korean Winter (1951-52)
        As 1951 drew to a close, a lull had settled over the battlefield. Fighting tapered off to a routine of patrol clashes, raids, and bitter small-unit struggles for key outpost positions. The lull result ... More
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        1951 - 1952
        Korean Presidential Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation is a military unit award issued by the government of South Korea to both South Korean and foreign military units.
        Description
        Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered WAEGWAN-TAEGU (Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Division, cited; DA GO 35, 1951)
        1951
        Korean War/CCF Intervention (1950-51)
        On 1 November Chinese elements were identified south of the Changjin Reservoir, and within ten days twelve divisions of the Chinese Communist Forces were identified. In the northwest, strong enemy att ... More
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        1950 - 1951
        Korean War/First UN Counteroffensive (1951)
        A reconnaissance in force by elements of the 1st Cavalry Division on 22 January revealed that the enemy had withdrawn from frontline positions. The task force returned after having met little resistan ... More
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        1951 - 1951
        Korean War/CCF Spring Offensive (1951)
        On 22 April enemy activity across the whole front suddenly increased and the U.N. advance halted abruptly. The expected spring offensive was at hand.

        Following a four- ... More
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        1951 - 1951
        Korean War/UN Summer-Fall Offensive (1951)
        On 23 June 1951 Jacob Malik, Deputy Foreign Minister of the U.S.S.R., made a statement in a recorded broadcast in New York implying Chinese and North Korean willingness to discuss armistic ... More
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        1951 - 1951
        1st Cavalry Division was rushed to Korea
        In the summer of 1950, North Korea attacked South Korea, and the 1st Cavalry Division was rushed to Korea to help shore up the Pusan Perimeter. After the X Corps attack at Incheon, a breakout operatio ... More
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        1950
        Battle of Yongdong
        On July 6, Major General Hobart R. Gay, Commanding General of the 1st Cavalry Division, was ordered by General of the Army Douglas MacArthur to prepare the 1st Cavalry Division to move into Korea. Bet ... More
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        1950
        Battle of Taegu
        The Battle of Taegu was an engagement between UN and North Korean forces early in the Korean War, with fighting continuing from August 5-20, 1950 around the city of Taegu, South Korea. It was a part o ... More
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        1950
        Myth that the Division lost its unit colors
        During the Korean War, there were disparaging rumors about the 1st Cavalry Division's fighting abilities, including a folk song of the time called "The Bug-Out Ballad". The series of engagem ... More
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        1950
        Korean War/UN Defensive (1950)
        June to September 1950. Communist efforts to divide the South Koreans against themselves having failed, the North Koreans decided to attempt their subjugation by military force. At 0400, S ... More
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        1950 - 1950
        Korean War/UN Offensive (1950)
        MacArthur planned an amphibious landing at Inch' on, a port of the Yellow Sea 25 miles west of Seoul, to be followed by an advance to recapture the city and block North Korean troop movements and supp ... More
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        1950 - 1950
        Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
        Criteria
        The Philippine Presidential Unit Citation is a unit decoration of the Republic of the Philippines. It has been awarded to certain units of the United States military for actions both during and subseq ... More
        Description
        Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 - 04 JULY 1945 (Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Division, cited; DA GO 47, 1950)
        1945
        Division invaded Luzon, landing in the Lingayen Gulf
        The division then invaded Luzon, landing in the Lingayen Gulf area 27 January 1945, and fought its way as a "flying column" to Manila by 3 February 1945. More than 3,000 civilian prisoners a ... More
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        1945
        Occupation Duty in Japan
        The division left Luzon 25 August 1945 for occupation duty in Japan, arriving in Yokohama 2 September 1945 and entering Tokyo 8 September, the first United States division to enter the Japanese capita ... More
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        1945
        Leyte Campaign (1944-45)
        (Leyte Campaign 17 October 1944 to 1 July 1945) On 17 October 1944, after preparatory bombardment, the invasion of the Philippines got under way with the seizure of islands guarding Leyte Gulf. The la ... More
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        1944 - 1945
        Luzon Campaign (1944-45)
        (Luzon Campaign 15 December 1944 to 4 July 1945) After Leyte came Mindoro, which was invaded on 15 December 1944, an air strip being obtained to provide a base for operations during the invasion on Lu ... More
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        1944 - 1945
        First combat in the Admiralty Islands
        The 1st Cavalry Division arrived in Australia as shown above, continued its training at Strathpine, Queensland, until 26 July, then moved to New Guinea to stage for the Admiralties campaign 22-27 Febr ... More
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        1944
        Invasion of Leyte
        The division next took part in the invasion of Leyte, 20 October 1944, captured Tacloban and the adjacent airstrip, advanced along the north coast, and secured Leyte Valley, elements landing on and se ... More
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        1944
        Bismarck Archipelago Campaign (1943-44)
        By the close of 1943, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand had stopped the Japanese juggernaut in the Pacific. To put the Japanese on the defensive, within the framework of the global strateg ... More
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        1943 - 1944
        New Guinea Campaign (1943-44)
        (New Guinea Campaign 24 January 1943 to 31 December 1944) After the loss of Buna and Gona in New Guinea, the Japanese fell back on their stronghold at Lae. Their attempt to reinforce Lae by sea in Mar ... More
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        1943 - 1944
        Transitioned from Horses to an Infantry Formation
        The last of the 1st Cavalry Division's mounted units permanently retired their horses and converted to infantry formations on 28 February 1943. However, a mounted special ceremonial unit known as th ... More
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        1943
        The Division reorganizes to a square configuration
        With the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the "great laboratory" phase for developing and testing organizations, about which Marshall wrote in the summer of 1941, closed, but the W ... More
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        1941
        Prelude to World War II
        With the arrival of the 1930s, serious work started on the testing and refining of new equipment and TO&Es for a mechanized and motorized army. To facilitate this, 1st Cavalry Division traded 1st ... More
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        1940
        Mexican Border Duty
        On 03 March 1929, the Escobar Revolution broke out in Mexico when the colonels and generals of ten Mexican states rebelled. The 1st Cavalry Division was alerted and positioned along the Mexican border ... More
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        1929
        Division experimental armored car squadron
        Early in 1928, Major General Herbert C. Crosby, Chief of Cavalry, faced with budget restraints, reorganized the cavalry regiments, which in turn reduced the size of the Division.. Lettered troops of t ... More
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        1928
        Second Divisional field maneuvers
        In 1927 the 1st Cavalry Division carried out the second divisional field maneuvers and readiness testing in the Marfa area. Following the maneuvers in October, the Division added the capability of aer ... More
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        1927
        1st Cavalry Division held it's first maneuvers
        In 1923 the 1st Cavalry Division held division maneuvers for the first time, intending to hold them annually thereafter. However, financial constraints made that impossible. Only in 1927, through the ... More
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        1923
        Establishment of the 1st Cavalry Division
        The history of the 1st Cavalry Division began in 1921 after the army established a permanent cavalry division table of organization and equipment on 4 April 1921. It authorized a square division organ ... More
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        1921
         
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