Patch
Unit Details

Strength
Division
 
Type
Command Element
 
Existing/Disbanded
Existing
Year
1940 - Present

Description
The 3rd Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army at Fort StewartGeorgia. It is a direct subordinate unit of the XVIII Airborne Corps and U.S. Army Forces Command. Its current organization includes a division headquarters and headquarters battalion, two armored brigade combat teams, one National Guard infantry brigade combat team, a task force unit, one aviation brigade, a division artillery, a sustainment brigade and a combat sustainment support battalion along with a maneuver enhancement brigade. The division has a distinguished history, having seen active service in World War IWorld War II, the Korean WarVietnam War, and the Global War on Terror. The Medal of Honor has been awarded to 56 members of the 3rd Infantry Division, making the division the most honored in the Army.
The division fought in France in World War I. In World War II, it landed with Gen. Patton's task force in a contested amphibious landing on the coast of Morocco, North Africa, overwhelming Vichy French defenders in November 1942. In 1943, the division invaded Sicily in July, and invaded Italy at Salerno in September, before fighting in France and finally Germany. Medal of honor recipient  Audie Murphy, featured in the Hollywood movie, "To Hell and Back," was a member. The division also served in the Korean War. From 1957 until 1996, the division was a major part of the United States Army's presence in the NATO alliance in West Germany.


Nickname(s):
"The Rock of the Marne" (Special Designation), Rock of the Marne

 

Motto(s);     Nous Resterons Là(We Shall Remain There)
 


​​​​​​NOTABLE PERSON (s):
 

Commander: Joseph Theodore Dickman (October 6, 1857 – October 23, 1927) was a United States Army officer who saw service in five wars, rising to the rank of major general.Dickman was given command of the 3rd Infantry Division in November 1917, at the onset of the United States' entrance into World War I. He deployed the 3rd Division to France aboard the Leviathan at noon, on March 4, 1918. He was the 3rd Division commander at Chateau-Thierry in May 1918 and was made famous at the Second Battle of the Marne in July 1918. While allied forces on both flanks retreated, the 3rd Division stood fast in the face of enemy offensives, which led to their moniker, "The Rock of the Marne."



 

Joseph T. Dickman
111-SC-21398 - NARA - 55202496-cropped.jpg

 


Commander: Robert Lee Howze (August 22, 1864 – September 19, 1926) was a United States Army major general who was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Indian Wars.
During World War I Howze was promoted to major general and placed in command of the 38th Infantry Division, which fought in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in October 1918. He served as commander of the 3rd Division during their march on the Rhine River, and commanded the Third Army of Occupation in Germany in 1919. He was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal, the French Croix de Guerre, and French Legion of Honor for his service in command of the Third Army.

Howze's last assignment was to preside over the court-martial of Colonel Billy Mitchell, who had made public comments in response to the Navy dirigible USS Shenandoah crashing in a storm
The crash killed 14 of the crew and Mitchell issued a statement accusing senior leaders in the Army and Navy of incompetence and "almost treasonable administration of the national defense." In November 1925 he was court-martialed at the direct order of President Calvin Coolidge



 

 

 

Robert Lee Howze
Robert Lee Howze.jpg

 


Commander; General Lucian King Truscott Jr. (January 9, 1895 – September 12, 1965) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer, who saw distinguished active service during World War II. Between 1943–45, he successively commanded the 3rd Infantry DivisionVI CorpsFifteenth Army and Fifth Army. He and Alexander Patch were the only U.S. Army officers to command a division, a corps, and a field army in combat during the war.
In 1942, Truscott, now a colonel, was instrumental in developing an American commando unit patterned after the British Commandos. The American unit was activated by Truscott (newly promoted to the rank of brigadier general on June 19, 1942) as the 1st Ranger Battalion, and placed under the command of Major William Orlando Darby.

 

 

 


Truscott as a captain .

 

World War 1 :
 

MOH Recipient : PFC John Lewis Barkley (August 28, 1895 – April 14, 1966) U.S. Army, Company K, 4th Infantry, 3rd Division. 
Private First Class Barkley, who was stationed in an observation post half a kilometer from the German line, on his own initiative repaired a captured enemy machinegun and mounted it in a disabled French tank near his post. Shortly afterward, when the enemy launched a counterattack against our forces, Private First Class Barkley got into the tank, waited under the hostile barrage until the enemy line was abreast of him and then opened fire, completely breaking up the counterattack and killing and wounding a large number of the enemy. Five minutes later an enemy 77-millimeter gun opened fire on the tank pointblank. One shell struck the drive wheel of the tank, but this soldier nevertheless remained in the tank and after the barrage ceased broke up a second enemy counterattack, thereby enabling our forces to gain and hold Hill 25.



 

John Lewis Barkley
John L. Barkley - WWI Medal of Honor recipient.jpg

 

 

MOH Recipient: LT General George Price Hays (September 27, 1892 – August 7, 1978) was a United States Army general who served during World War1and World War11. He earned the Medal of Honor as a young artillery officer during the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. During World War II, he commanded the 10th Mountain Division in the last few months of the Italian Campaign.
He was commissioned a second lieutenant in 1917, and by July 14, 1918, was a first lieutenant serving in France With  the 10th Field Artillery Regiment3rd Division. On that day, during the Second Battle of the Marne near Greves Farm, his unit came under a heavy German artillery barrage and the communication lines were destroyed. Despite the intense fire, Hays rode on horseback between his unit, the command post, and two French batteries for the rest of that day and the next. Although he was severely wounded and had seven horses shot out from under him, his efforts contributed to the halt of the German advance. For these actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor the next year, in 1919.


 

George Price Hays
George Price Hays.jpg

 


​​​​​World War 11:


MOH Recipient: PVT 
Herbert F. Christian (June 18, 1912 – June 3, 1944) For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 2–3 June 1944, at 1 a.m., Pvt. Christian elected to sacrifice his life in order that his comrades might extricate themselves from an ambush. Braving massed fire of about 60 riflemen, 3 machineguns, and 3 tanks from positions only 30 yards distant, he stood erect and signaled to the patrol to withdraw. The whole area was brightly illuminated by enemy flares. Although his right leg was severed above the knee by cannon fire, Pvt. Christian advanced on his left knee and the bloody stump of his right thigh, firing his submachine gun. Despite excruciating pain, Pvt. Christian continued on his self-assigned mission. He succeeded in distracting the enemy and enabled his 12 comrades to escape. He killed 3 enemy soldiers almost at once. Leaving a trail of blood behind him, he made his way forward 20 yards, halted at a point within 10 yards of the enemy, and despite intense fire killed a machine-pistol man. Reloading his weapon, he fired directly into the enemy position. The enemy appeared enraged at the success of his ruse, concentrated 20-mm. machinegun, machine-pistol and rifle fire on him, yet he refused to seek cover. Maintaining his erect position, Pvt. Christian fired his weapon to the very last. Just as he emptied his submachinegun, the enemy bullets found their mark and Pvt. Christian slumped forward dead. The courage and spirit of self-sacrifice displayed by this soldier were an inspiration to his comrades and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.


 

Herbert F. Christian
Herbert F. Christian in uniform.jpg

 



MOH Recipient: Tech. 5th Grade Eric Gunnar Gibson (October 3, 1919 – January 28, 1944) For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On January 28, 1944, near Isolabella, Italy, Tech. 5th Grade Gibson, company cook, led a squad of replacements through their initial baptism of fire, destroyed four enemy positions, killed 5 and captured 2 German soldiers, and secured the left flank of his company during an attack on a strongpoint. Placing himself 50 yards in front of his new men, Gibson advanced down the wide stream ditch known as the Fosso Femminamorta, keeping pace with the advance of his company. An enemy soldier allowed Tech. 5th Grade Gibson to come within 20 yards of his concealed position and then opened fire on him with a machine pistol. Despite the stream of automatic fire which barely missed him, Gibson charged the position, firing his submachine gun every few steps. Reaching the position, Gibson fired pointblank at his opponent, killing him. An artillery concentration fell in and around the ditch; the concussion from one shell knocked him flat. As he got to his feet Gibson was fired on by two soldiers armed with a machine pistol and a rifle from a position only 75 yards distant. Gibson immediately raced toward the foe. Halfway to the position a machinegun opened fire on him. Bullets came within inches of his body, yet Gibson never paused in his forward movement. He killed one and captured the other soldier. Shortly after, when he was fired upon by a heavy machinegun 200 yards down the ditch, Gibson crawled back to his squad and ordered it to lay down a base of fire while he flanked the emplacement. Despite all warning, Gibson crawled 125 yards through an artillery concentration and the cross fire of 2 machineguns which showered dirt over his body, threw 2 hand grenades into the emplacement and charged it with his submachine gun, killing 2 of the enemy and capturing a third. Before leading his men around a bend in the stream ditch, Gibson went forward alone to reconnoiter. Hearing an exchange of machine pistol and submachine gun fire, Gibson's squad went forward to find that its leader had run 35 yards toward an outpost, killed the machine pistol man, and had himself been killed while firing at the Germans​​​​​​​.



Filed Under
Infantry Divisions
 
Active Reporting Units
 
Inactive Reporting Units
 
1978 Members Who Served in This Unit


 

  • Aaron, Calvin, SPC, (1999-2006)
  • Aarons, Samuel, SGM, (1986-Present)
  • Abaroa, Horacio, PV1, (1963-1966)
  • Abbott, Robert, SFC, (1985-2006)
  • Abel, Terry, CSM, (1981-2008)
  • Abreu, Mayreny, SSG, (2002-2008)
  • Abreu, Michael, SPC, (2003-2006)
  • Ackerman, Charles, SP 5, (1967-1970)
  • Acosta, Tomas, SFC, (2002-Present)
  • Adalberto, Diaz, SGT, (1990-2009)
  • Adams, Jerard, CPL, (1993-1995)
  • Adams, John, 1SG, (1983-2008)
  • Adams, Lucian, S/Sgt, (1943-1945)
  • Adcock, Norman, CW4, (1968-1992)
  • Addis, Gerald, S/Sgt, (1941-1944)
  • Addison, Brian, SFC, (1980-2000)
  • Agostini, John, MAJ, (1983-2009)
  • Aguayo, Usbaldo, SPC, (2005-2010)
  • Aguilera, Samuel, SGT, (2004-Present)
  • Agyei, Charles, CW2, (1996-2008)
  • Ahlheim, Jeffery, SSG, (2001-Present)
  • Ahrens, Joseph, SGT, (1982-1992)
  • Ahrens, Kevin, SP 4, (1983-1987)
  • Aiello, Joseph, SSG, (2001-Present)
  • Akerley, Robert, PFC, (1964-1970)
  • Alan, Chris, CW5, (1977-2004)
  • Alarid, Leroy, SFC, (1975-1995)
  • Albaugh, James, SFC, (1966-1991)
  • Alexander, Aj, SGT, (2003-2012)
  • Alexander, Bobby, SSG, (2004-Present)
  • Alexander, James, PV2, (1984-1989)
  • Alexander, Leslie, SSG, (1969-1983)
  • Ali, Mango, SPC, (1988-1991)
  • Allen, Andrew, SFC, (1995-Present)
  • Allen, Jeremy, SPC, (2003-Present)
  • Allen, Mitchell, SFC, (1992-2012)
  • Allen, Phillip, SP 4, (1970-1972)
  • Allen, Ronnie, SPC, (1988-1990)
  • Allen, Terry, SPC, (1983-1988)
  • ALLEN, THOMAS, SSG, (1998-Present)
  • Allmendinger, Perry, COL, (1979-2005)
  • Almaraz, Mario, SSG, (2001-2007)
 

Unit Citations - Display as Table
 
Associated Patches
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Associations
 
Unit History
 
Battle/Operations History
  • Korean War/CCF Intervention (1950-51) (Nov 1950 - Jan 1951)
  • Korean War/First UN Counteroffensive (1951) (Jan 1951 - Apr 1951)
  • Korean War/CCF Spring Offensive (1951) (Apr 1951 - Jul 1951)
    • Korean War/UN Summer-Fall Offensive (1951) (Jul 1951 - Nov 1951)
      • Korean War/Third Korean Winter (1952-53) (Dec 1952 - Apr 1953)


        ...
        • Korean War/Korean Summer (1953) (May 1953 - Jul 1953)
           
          Unit Timeline
          Lineage and Honors
          HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS BATTALION 3d INFANTRY DIVISION (MARNE DIVISION) Constituted 12 November 1917 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, 3d Division Organized 21 November 1917 at Camp G ... More
          History Icon
          2018
          OEF-Afghanistan/Transition I (2011-14)
          2012: Strategic Agreement
          Taliban attacks continued at the same rate as they did in 2011, remaining around 28,000 Taliban "enemy initiated" attacks.

          Reformation of the ... More
          History Icon
          2011 - 2014
          Meritorious Unit Commendation
          Criteria
          The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
          Description
          Streamer embroidered AFGHANISTAN 2012-2013
          2013
          Operation New Dawn (OND)
          On 17 February 2010, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced that as of 1 September, the name "Operation Iraqi Freedom" would be replaced by "Operation New Dawn".
          < ... More
          History Icon
          2010 - 2011
          Meritorious Unit Commendation
          Criteria
          The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
          Description
          Iraq 2009-10
          2010
          OIF/Iraqi Sovereignty (2009-10)
          During 2008 and 2009, all non-U.S. foreign forces withdrew from Iraq. Withdrawal of all non-U.S. forces was complete by 31 July 2009. As of 1 January 2009, the Iraqi government became fully responsibl ... More
          History Icon
          2009 - 2010
          Meritorious Unit Commendation
          Criteria
          The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
          Description
          Iraq 2007-08
          2008
          OIF/Iraqi Surge (2007-08)
          In the context of the Iraq War, the surge refers to United States President George W. Bush's 2007 increase in the number of American troops in order to provide security to Baghdad and Al Anbar Provinc ... More
          History Icon
          2007 - 2008
          OIF/National Resolution (2005-07)
          Elections for a new Iraqi National Assembly were held under the new constitution on 15 December 2005. This election used a proportional system, with approximately 25% of the seats required to be fille ... More
          History Icon
          2005 - 2007
          OIF/Iraqi Governance (2004-05)
          In June 2004, under the auspices of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1546 the Coalition transferred limited sovereignty to a caretaker government, whose first act was to begin the trial of S ... More
          History Icon
          2004 - 2005
          OIF/Transition of Iraq (2003-04)
          Upon assuming the post of chief executive of the CPA in May 2003, L. Paul Bremer also assumed the title of U.S. Presidential Envoy and Administrator in Iraq. He was frequently called Ambassador by num ... More
          History Icon
          2003 - 2004
          Army Presidential Unit Citation
          Criteria
          The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
          Description
          Iraq
          2003
          OIF/Liberation of Iraq (2003)
          The 2003 invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the conflict that later came to be known as the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United ... More
          History Icon
          2003 - 2003
          Korean War/Third Korean Winter (1952-53)
          Third Korean Winter, 1 December 1952 - 30 April 1953. Meanwhile the armistice talks had stalled. Discord over several issues, but principally the exchange of prisoners of war, had prevente ... More
          History Icon
          1952 - 1953
          Korean War/Korean Summer (1953)
          Korea, Summer 1953, 1 May - 27 July 1953. There was little activity anywhere along the front as 1953 began. Then, as spring approached, the enemy renewed his attacks against the Eighth Arm ... More
          History Icon
          1953 - 1953
          Korean Presidential Unit Citation
          Criteria
          The Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation is a military unit award issued by the government of South Korea to both South Korean and foreign military units.
          Description
          Iron Triangle
          1952
          Second Korean Winter (1951-52)
          As 1951 drew to a close, a lull had settled over the battlefield. Fighting tapered off to a routine of patrol clashes, raids, and bitter small-unit struggles for key outpost positions. The lull result ... More
          History Icon
          1951 - 1952
          Korean War/Korea, Summer-Fall 1952
          In May the enemy became bolder, increasing his probing attacks and patrols, intensifying his artillery fire, and aggressively interrupting U.N. patrols. In May 1952 an estimated total of 102,000 artil ... More
          History Icon
          1952 - 1952
          Korean Presidential Unit Citation
          Criteria
          The Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation is a military unit award issued by the government of South Korea to both South Korean and foreign military units.
          Description
          Uijongbu Corridor
          1951
          Korean War/CCF Intervention (1950-51)
          On 1 November Chinese elements were identified south of the Changjin Reservoir, and within ten days twelve divisions of the Chinese Communist Forces were identified. In the northwest, strong enemy att ... More
          History Icon
          1950 - 1951
          Korean War/First UN Counteroffensive (1951)
          A reconnaissance in force by elements of the 1st Cavalry Division on 22 January revealed that the enemy had withdrawn from frontline positions. The task force returned after having met little resistan ... More
          History Icon
          1951 - 1951
          Korean War/CCF Spring Offensive (1951)
          On 22 April enemy activity across the whole front suddenly increased and the U.N. advance halted abruptly. The expected spring offensive was at hand.

          Following a four- ... More
          History Icon
          1951 - 1951
          Korean War/UN Summer-Fall Offensive (1951)
          On 23 June 1951 Jacob Malik, Deputy Foreign Minister of the U.S.S.R., made a statement in a recorded broadcast in New York implying Chinese and North Korean willingness to discuss armistic ... More
          History Icon
          1951 - 1951
          Army Presidential Unit Citation
          Criteria
          The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
          Description
          Colmar
          1945
          Cross of Valour (Greece)
          Criteria
          The Cross of Valour is the second highest (and until 1974 the highest) military decoration of the Greek state, awarded for acts of bravery or distinguished leadership on the field of battle. It has be ... More
          1945
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Ardennes Alsace Campaign (1944-45)
          (Ardennes Alsace Campaign 16 December 1944 to 25 January 1945) During their offensive in the Ardennes the Germans drove into Belgium and Luxembourg, creating a great bulge in the line. For some time ... More
          History Icon
          1944 - 1945
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)
          (Rhineland Campaign 15 September 1944 to 21 March 1945) Attempting to outflank the Siegfried Line, the Allies tried an airborne attack on Holland on 17 September 1944. But the operation failed, and th ... More
          History Icon
          1944 - 1945
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Central Europe Campaign (1945)
          (Central Europe Campaign 22 March to 11 May 1945) Following the Battle of the Bulge the Allies had pushed through to the Rhine. On 22 March 1945 they began their assault across the river, and by I Apr ... More
          History Icon
          1945 - 1945
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Naples-Foggia Campaign (1943-44)
          (Naples-Foggia Campaign 18 Aug 1943-21 Jan 1944 (Air); 9 Sep 1943-21 Jan 1944 (Ground) After Allied bombardment of communications and airfields in Italy, Montgomery crossed the Strait of Messina on 3 ... More
          History Icon
          1943 - 1944
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Anzio Campaign (1944)
          On January 1944, in conjunction with a frontal assault, the Allies attempted to turn the Gustav Line by landing troops at Anzio. But the frontal attack failed, and the Allies were unable to break out ... More
          History Icon
          1944 - 1944
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Southern France Campaign (1944)
          (Southern France Campaign 15 August to 14 September 1944) While the Germans were retreating in Italy in the summer of 1944, the Allies diverted some of their strength in the theater to the invasion of ... More
          History Icon
          1944 - 1944
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Rome-Arno Campaign (1944)
          (Rome-Arno Campaign 22 January to 9 September 1944) U.S. 5th Army advanced 150 miles to the Arno River. The unsuccessful attempt to break the Gustav Line on 22 January was followed by another unsucces ... More
          History Icon
          1944 - 1944
          WWII - Africa Theater of Operations/Tunisia Campaign (1942-43)
          (Tunisia Campaign 17 November 1942 to 13 May 1943) Having gained Algeria, the Allies quickly turned eastward, hoping to take Tunis and Bizerte before the Germans could send reinforcements into Tunisia ... More
          History Icon
          1942 - 1943
          WWII - European Theater of Operations/Sicily Campaign (1943)
          (Sicily Campaign 9 July to 17 August 1943) In preparation for the invasion of Sicily the Allies captured the islands in the Sicilian strait, with aerial bombardment forcing the capitulation of Pantell ... More
          History Icon
          1943 - 1943
          WWII - Africa Theater of Operations/Algeria-French Morocco Campaign (1942)
          (Algeria-French Morocco Campaign 8-11 November 1942) Three days after their victory at El Alamein the Allies opened a new front with an assault on Algeria and French Morocco. Twelfth Air Force, with s ... More
          History Icon
          1942 - 1942
          Aisne Campaign
          Aisne 27 May - 5 June 1918. The next major German attack fell on 27 May on the thinly held but formidable terrain along the Aisne River known as the Chemin des Dames. The original objective of this ne ... More
          History Icon
          1918 - 1918
          Champagne-Marne Campaign
          Champagne-Marne, 15 - 18 July 1918. In the four great offensives from 21 March to 13 June 1918 the Germans gained considerable ground, but failed to achieve a decisive advantage at any point on the fr ... More
          History Icon
          1918 - 1918
          Aisne-Marne Campaign
          Aisne-Marne, 18 July - 6 August 1918. Several days before the Germans launched their abortive Champagne-Marne drive, the French high command had made plans for a general converging offensive against t ... More
          History Icon
          1918 - 1918
          St. Mihiel Campaign
          St. Mihiel, 12 - 16 September 1918. By September 1918, with both the Marne and the Amiens salients eliminated, there remained but one major threat to lateral rail communications behind the Allied line ... More
          History Icon
          1918 - 1918
          Meuse-Argonne Campaign
          Meuse-Argonne, 26 September - 11 November 1918. At the end of August Marshal Foch had submitted plane to the national commanders for a final offensive along the entire Western Front, with the objectiv ... More
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          1918 - 1918
           
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