Lupo, Francis, Pvt

Fallen
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Private
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Primary Unit
1918-1918, 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division
Service Years
1917 - 1918

Private



One Overseas Service Bar


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

75 kb

Home State
Ohio
Ohio
Year of Birth
Not Specified
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SGT Robert Briggs (squadleader)-Deceased to remember Lupo, Francis, Pvt.

If you knew or served with this Soldier and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Cincinnati

Casualty Date
Aug 23, 1918
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Location
Not Specified
Conflict
World War I
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Wound Chevron (1917-1932) French Fourragere


 Unofficial Badges 





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 Ribbon Bar

Rifle

 
 Unit Assignments
2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment1st Infantry Division1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division
  1918-1918, HHC, 2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment
  1918-1918, 1st Infantry Division
  1918-1918, 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1917-1918 World War I
  1918-1918 Champagne-Marne Campaign/Battle of Chateau-Thierry 1
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
In 1918, Lupo participated in the combined French-American attack on the Germans near Soissons, France, in what came to be known as the Second Battle of the Marne. Despite heavy Allied losses, this battle has been regarded as a turning point in the war, halting and reversing the final German advances toward Paris.       
 
            Lupo, a member of Company E, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, was  killed at age 23 in action during the battle

The general plan for the Allied counterattack of July 18th involved attacking the entire west face of the Marne salient. This main attack was first to pivot on Chateau-Thierry; later the Allies in the region of Chateau-Thierry were to take up the attack. The Allies were also to attack that part of the German salient south of the Marne and to the southwest of Reims. The plan then really involved attacking the entire Marne salient, the principal blow falling at first on the west face, with the critical point, at which eventual success or failure would be determined, southwest of Soissons. The three divisions selected to break the most sensitive part of the German line were the 2nd American, the 1st Moroccan (French) and the 1st American. If these three divisions could seize and hold the heights south of Soissons the German position in the salient proper became untenable and it's ultimate reduction was assured.

At 4:35a.m., July 18th, after some of the American infantry had double-timed into line and when some of their guns had barely gotten into position, the 1st and 2nd American Divisions and the 1st Moroccan Division jumped off. Notwithstanding their desperate resistance the Germans were driven back and the results upon which ultimate success depended were secured.

His battalion was pushing through wheat fields in northern France under German artillery and machine-gun fire that summer Saturday when Lupo was killed. Hastily buried in a shell crater, he was left behind with the rest of the dead as the battalion kept up its advance. The grave, a few feet deep, one of many in those fields, was meant to be temporary. But war is chaotic and infinitely cruel. What happened to Lupo in combat, what became of his body, was never officially recorded.

The 1st Division suffered 7,000 casualties, of whom it is believed that not one was a prisoner. Sixty per cent of it's infantry officers were killed or wounded, in the 16th and 18th Infantry all field officers were casualties except the colonels, were casualties. Notwithstanding it's losses, the 1st Division, by constant attacks throughout four days and nights, had broken through the entrenchment's in the German pivot to a depth of 11 kilometers, had captured 68 field guns and quantities of other material, in addition to 3,500 prisoners taken from the seven separate German divisions which had been thrown against the 1st United States Division in the enemy's desperate effort to hold ground which was essential to his retaining the Marne salient.

Never again could friend or enemy question the fighting qualities of the American soldier!


In 2003, while conducting a survey in preparation for a construction project, a French archaeological team discovered human remains and other items a short distance from Soissons. Among the items recovered were a military boot fragment and a wallet bearing Lupo’s name. 

   
Comments/Citation

Medals and Awards: A Purple Heart and the World War I Victory Medal. The victory medal had clasps for the battles he fought in - Mont Didier-Noyon, Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne

A native of Cincinnati, Ohio, Lupo delivered newspapers before being drafted in October, 1917, along with hundreds of thousands of other young American men after Congress declared war on Germany at the behest of President Woodrow Wilson. He took Basic Training at Camp Sherman, Ohio with only a fifth grade education, he arrived in France in March, 1918, and was assigned to the 18th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division. On July 20th his battalion took part in a French-led attack on a German-held salient near Soissons. Lupo fell in combat on that same day and was hastily buried on the battlefield, in the same grave with another U.S. soldier.

Lupo's name appears on the Tablets of the Missing at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery in Belleau, France. He was awarded the Purple Heart and the WWI Victory Medal with three Battle Clasps

He will be buried on Tuesday,
Sept. 26, 2006, at Arlington National Cemetery near Washington, D.C. The location of the grave is section 66, grave number 7489.
   
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