Pershing, John, GA

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
General of the Army
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
2025-Major Departmental Unit Chief or Director
Last MOS Group
Army Mine Planter Service (Officer)
Primary Unit
1921-1924, Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army
Service Years
1882 - 1924

US

General of the Army



Eleven Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

53 kb

Home State
Missouri
Missouri
Year of Birth
1860
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Pershing, John (Black Jack), GA USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Laclede

Date of Passing
Jul 15, 1948
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Army Staff Identification


 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
The Army and Navy Union USA Historical Soldiers
  1919, The Army and Navy Union USA - Assoc. Page
  1924, Historical Soldiers


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

 

General of the Armies 

John Joseph "Black JackPershing  was a senior United States Army officer. He served most famously as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I, 1917–18.

Pershing is the only American to be promoted in his own lifetime to General of the Armies rank, the highest possible rank in the United States Army.

Allowed to select his own insignia, Pershing chose to use four gold stars to distinguish himself from those officers who held the rank of General, which was signified with four silver stars. After the creation of the five-star General of the Army rank during World War II, his rank of General of the Armies could unofficially be considered that of a six-star general, but he died before the proposed insignia could be considered and acted upon by Congress.

In addition to leading the A.E.F. to victory in World War I, Pershing notably served as a mentor to many in the generation of generals who led the United States Army during World War II, including George Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, Lesley J. McNair, George S. Patton and Douglas MacArthur.

   
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 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1882, US Military Academy (West Point, NY)
 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
6th Cavalry GroupHQ, US Army Cadet Command10th Cavalry United States Military Academy West Point (Staff-USMA)
Philippine DepartmentUnited States Department of WarState DepartmentOffice of the Chief of Staff of the Army
  1886-1891, 6th Cavalry Group
  1891-1895, ROTC University of Nebraska-Lincoln (Cadre), HQ, US Army Cadet Command
  1895-1897, HHT, 10th Cavalry
  1897-1898, United States Military Academy West Point (Staff-USMA)
  1898-1899, 28th US Volunteer Infantry
  1899-1899, State Department
  1900-1902, Philippine Department
  1902-1905, United States Department of War
  1905-1908, USAG Japan
  1908-1909, State Department
  1909-1914, Philippine Department
  1916-1917, Punitive Expedition (Provisional Division)
  1917-1919, Provisional Infantry Company G.H.Q., (AEF) France
  1921-1924, Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1865-1891 Indian Wars (US)
  1898-1898 Spanish-American War
  1898-1898 Spanish-American War/Kettle Hill
  1898-1898 Spanish-American War/Battle of San Juan Hill
  1899-1913 Moro Rebellion (Philippines)
  1911-1919 Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)
  1916-1916 Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)/Pancho Villa Expedition (1916-1917)
  1917-1918 World War I2
  1917-1917 World War I/World War I/Cambrai Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Somme Defensive Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Aisne Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Champagne-Marne Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Somme Offensive Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/St. Mihiel Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Meuse-Argonne Campaign
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1880-1882, Truman State University
  1882-1886, United States Military Academy1
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