Tyner, Ellis, Pvt

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Private
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Last Primary MOS
Infantry-Infantryman
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Enlisted)
Primary Unit
1917-1918, Infantry, 1st Division (Big Red One)
Service Years
1917 - 1918

Private



Two Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
North Carolina
North Carolina
Year of Birth
1899
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Marines SSgt Edward Tyner to remember Tyner, Ellis, Pvt.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Lumberton
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Oct 09, 1918
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Location
France
Conflict
World War I
Location of Interment
American Cemetery - Meuse-Argonne, France
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot A Row 26 Grave 26

 Official Badges 

Wound Chevron (1917-1932) Infantry Shoulder Cord French Fourragere World War I Victory Button (Wounded in Action)




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
World War I FallenAmerican Battle Monuments Commission
  1918, World War I Fallen
  1918, American Battle Monuments Commission

 Photo Album   (More...


 Ribbon Bar


 
 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
U.S. Army1st Division (Big Red One)1st Battalion, 16th Infantry
  1917-1917, Infantry, 16th Infantry
  1917-1918, Infantry, 1st Division (Big Red One)
  1917-1918, Infantry, D Company, 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1917-1918 World War I
  1918-1918 World War I/Aisne Campaign/World War I/The Battle of Cantigny
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Aisne Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/St. Mihiel Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/World War I/Meuse-Argonne Campaign
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

As part of the new 1st Expeditionary Division, soon to become known as the "Big Red One," the 16th Infantry sailed from Hoboken, New Jersey, and landed at St. Nazaire, France, near the end of June 1917. As such, it was among the first four American regiments to arrive on French soil in World War I.

Soon after the regiment's arrival, the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry was selected to show the flag and parade through Paris on 4 July 1917. The battalion conducted a five-mile march through the streets of the city to Picpus Cemetery where General John J. Pershing and the other Americans in attendance paid homage at the tomb of the Marquis de Lafayette, hero of the American Revolution, and declare, "Lafayette, we are here!".

Prior to being committed to battle, the 16th Infantry Regiment, began training in July 1917 in the Gondrecourt area with the French 47th Division, Chasseurs Alpins, nicknamed the "Blue Devils." Throughout the summer and fall the training went apace and soon it was time for exposure to actual combat.

On 3 November 1917, while occupying a section of trenches near Bathelémont, the 16th Infantry became the first U.S. regiment to fight and suffer casualties in the trenches during World War I when it repelled a German night raid.

In the months that followed, the 16th Infantry would sustain even more casualties in defensive battles at Ansauville, Cantigny, and Coullemelle. The regiment's first major attack was made during the bloody three-day drive near Soissons in late July 1918.

Along with the rest of the Big Red One, it relentlessly attacked until a key German rail line was severed forcing a major withdrawal of the enemy's forces. The regiment also participated in the First U.S. Army's huge offensive to reduce the St. Mihiel salient in September.

Arguably the regiment's most gallant action was the grueling drive that liberated the little village of Fléville in the Argonne forest region on 4 October 1918. This feat was significant in that the 16th Infantry was the only regiment in the entire First Army to seize its main objective on the first day of the Meuse-Argonne Campaign.

To this day that action is celebrated annually during the 16th Infantry Regiment's Organization Day.

The verve and vigor of that drive demonstrated the regiment lived up to the division's new motto, "No mission too difficult, no sacrifice too great�??Duty First!".

During the Great War, the 16th Infantry suffered its greatest number of wartime casualties to date, all in a single year of combat. It sustained 1,037 soldiers killed in action or mortally wounded, and 3,389 wounded. In addition to the 7 campaign streamers earned by the regiment and the 2 Croix de Guerre granted by the French government, its soldiers were awarded at least 97 Distinguished Service Crosses.

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/55958786/ellis-tyner
https://www.abmc.gov/decedent-search/tyner%3Dellis

   
Comments/Citation
Cited for "Gallantry in Action" in 1st Division General Order #1, dated 1 January 1920.
Sailed from New York, NY abroad the S.S. Carpathia (also known as the RMS Carpathia) on 22 November 1917. The ship was part of the Cunard Line at the time and was the ship that picked up survivors of the RMS Titanic.
   
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