Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew, IV, GEN

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
General
Last Service Branch
Cavalry
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1946-1947, 00GC, Fourth (4th) Army
Service Years
1906 - 1947

Cavalry

General



Eleven Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Washington
Washington
Year of Birth
1883
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Felix Cervantes, III (Admiral Ese) to remember Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew, IV, GEN.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Walla Walla
Last Address
San Antonio, Texas

Date of Passing
Sep 02, 1953
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot: Section 1, Lot 358-B

 Official Badges 

Honorably Discharged WW II


 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
General Wainwright was born 23 August 1883, at Fort Walla Walla, Washington, the son of a U.S. Army officer and a descendant in a line of distinguished U. S. Naval officers.

He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1906, and was commissioned in the cavalry. Over the next several years he served with the 1st Cavalry in Texas, 1906-08; in the Philippines, where he saw action against Moro rebels, 1908-10; and at various posts in the West.

He graduated from the Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1916. Promoted to Captain, and in 1917 was on staff of the first officers training camp at Plattsburg, New York.

In February 1918 he was ordered to France. In June he became Assistant Chief-of-Staff of the 82nd Infantry Division, with which he took part in Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives.

Promoted to temporary Lieutenant Colonel in October he was assigned to occupation duty in Germany with the 3rd Army until 1920, in which year, having reverted to Captain, he was promoted to Major.

After a year as an instructor at the renamed Cavalry School at Fort Riley, he was attached to the General Staff during 1921-23 and assigned to the 3rd Cavalry, Fort Myer, Virginia, 1923-25. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in 1929 and graduated from the Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1931, and the Army War College in 1934. He was promoted to Colonel in 1935, and commanded the 3rd Cavalry until 1938, when he was advanced to Brigadier General in command of the 1st Cavalry Brigade at Fort Clark, Texas.

In September 1940, he was promoted to temporary Major General and returned to the Philippines to take command of the Philippine Division. As the senior field commander of US and Filipino forces under Douglas MacArthur, he had tactical responsibility for resisting the Japanese invasion that began in late December 1941.

Pushed back from beachheads in Lingayen Gulf, his Philippine forces withdrew onto the Bataan Peninsula early in January 1942, where they occupied well prepared defensive positions and commanded the entrance to Manila Bay.

In throwing back a major Japanese assault in January the defenders earned name of "battling bastards of Bataan." When MacArthur was ordered off Bataan in March 1942, Wainwright, promoted to temporary Lieutenant General, succeeded to command of US Army Forces in the Far East, a command immediately afterward redesignated US Forces in the Philippines. The Japanese attacks resumed in earnest in April.

A small core of the now starving, ill and unsupplied garrison pulled farther back onto island fortress of Corregidor, leaving 70,000 defenders on Bataan to surrender on April 9. The Japanese gained a foothold on Corregidor on May 5 against a furious defense, and the next day he was forced to surrender the 3500 men on the island.

Under orders that he was forced to broadcast, local commanders elsewhere in the Philippines surrendered one by one, and on June 9 the US command in the Philippines ceased to exist. He was then held in prison camps in northern Luzon, Formosa, and Manchuria until he was liberated by Russian troops in August 1945.

After witnessing the Japanese surrender aboard the USS Missouri on September 2, he returned to the Philippines to receive the surrender of the local Japanese commander. A hero's welcome in the US was accompanied by promotion to General and the awarding of the Medal of Honor. In January 1946 he took command of the 4th Army, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.

He retired from active duty in August 1947. He died in San Antonio, Texas, 2 September 1953.

Source: http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/jwainiv.htm (edited)
   
Other Comments:
Medal of Honor

Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to General Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright, IV, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty from March 12 - 7 May 1942, while serving with U.S. Army Forces in the Philippine Islands.

General Wainwright distinguished himself by intrepid and determined leadership against greatly superior enemy forces. At the repeated risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in his position, he frequented the firing line of his troops where his presence provided the example and incentive that helped make the gallant efforts of these men possible. The final stand on beleaguered Corregidor, for which he was in an important measure personally responsible, commanded the admiration of the Nation's allies. It reflected the high morale of American arms in the face of overwhelming odds.

His courage and resolution were a vitally needed inspiration to the then sorely pressed freedom-loving peoples of the world.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 80, September 19, 1945
Action Date: March 12 - May 7, 1942
Service: Army
Rank: General
Division: U.S. Army Forces in the Philippine Islands
   
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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
82nd Division3rd Army3rd Cavalry DivisionCommand and General Staff College (CGSC) Course
Army War College (Staff)3rd US Cavalry 1st Cavalry RegimentPhilippine Department
2nd Service CommandFourth (4th) Army
  1918-1920, 82nd Division
  1918-1920, 1542, 3rd Army
  1923-1925, 3rd Cavalry Division
  1929-1931, Command and General Staff College (CGSC) Course
  1934-1934, Army War College (Staff)
  1935-1938, 1620, 3rd US Cavalry
  1938-1940, 1st Cavalry Regiment
  1940-1941, Philippine Department
  1945-1946, 2nd Service Command
  1946-1947, 00GC, Fourth (4th) Army
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1908-1910 Moro Rebellion (Philippines)
  1918-1918 World War I/St. Mihiel Campaign
  1918-1918 Meuse-Argonne Campaign/Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Phase 3
  1941-1945 World War II
  1942-1942 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/Bataan Death March
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military AcademyCommand and General Staff CollegeArmy War College
  1902-1906, United States Military Academy
  1930-1931, Command and General Staff College
  1933-1934, Army War College
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