MacArthur, Douglas, GA

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
General of the Army
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1951-1952, Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army
Service Years
1903 - 1964

US

General of the Army



Fourteen Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

16 kb

Home State
Arkansas
Arkansas
Year of Birth
1880
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember MacArthur, Douglas, GA USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Little Rock, Arkansas
Last Address
Washington, DC

Date of Passing
Apr 05, 1964
 
Location of Interment
MacArthur Memorial Cemetery - Norfolk, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
MacArthur Memorial

 Official Badges 

Army Staff Identification US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Military Order of the Loyal Legion Army Navy Union




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS)The Army and Navy Union USA Post 1
  1920, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS) - Assoc. Page
  1925, The Army and Navy Union USA - Assoc. Page
  1942, American Legion, Post 1 (Member) (Germantown, Wisconsin) - Chap. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

United States World War II General of the Army (5 stars). Fought in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. His awards include the Medal of Honor, 3 Distinguished Service Crosses, 4 Distinguished Service Medals, 7 Silver Stars, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Bronze Star (with V for Valor) and 2 Purple Hearts). He was one of the youngest General officers in modern US history. He and his father are the first father-son Medal of Honor recipients in US history (President Theodore Roosevelt and his son, General Theodore Jr, are currently the only other father-son recipients). He was considered brilliant, gifted with both strategic insight and superior command ability, courageous, yet aloof, egotistical and imperious. The last of 3 children born to Lt. General Arthur MacArthur and Mary Pinkney Hardy, he attended the US Military Academy, West Point, graduating first in his class of 1903, and setting an academic record that has yet to be equaled. During World War I, he rose rapidly in rank, becoming Major General and commander of the 42nd Infantry Division (Rainbow Division). He was constantly at the front, exposing himself to the same danger as his men, and was twice wounded. He earned 2 DSCs, the DSM, and 7 Silver Star Medals during this war. After the war, he married the former Louise Brooks, in 1922, and there were no children to this marriage. He was Superintendent of West Point in 1919-1922. In 1928, he became Commanding General of the Philippine Department, making many influential friends which would have later impact on his life. From 1930 to 1935, he became Chief of Staff, US Army, and promoted to General (4 stars), the highest rank the Army could then make him. During this period, he ironically took a dislike to Colonel George C. Marshall, and attempted to end Marshall's career by giving him a dead-end assignment. He retired from the Army in 1937, and at the request of President Manuel Quezon, became Commander of the Philippine Army. There he met and married Jean Faircloth, who became his devoted wife for the remainder of his life; they had one child, a son. Jean MacArthur accompanied her husband in all of his future jobs, never leaving his side, and sharing his hardships. When the US entered World War II, General MacArthur was recalled to active duty in the US Army, and conducted a brilliant but unsuccessful defense of the Philippines, for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor. Prepared to surrender with his forces in the Philippines, he was personally ordered to Australia by President Roosevelt, where he was appointed Commander-in-Chief, US Armed Forces, Southwest Pacific. He was promoted to General of the Army (equivelent to the European rank of Field Marshal) in 1944. In September 1945, he personally accepted the surrender of Japan aboard the battleship USS Missouri. From 1945 to 1951, he was the Military Governor of occupied Japan, and personally wrote most of the Japanese constitution. His actions during this period won great praise from the Japanese for bringing them back into the modern world, following the excesses of the war. In 1950, he was appointed Supreme Commander, United Nations Forces in Korea,
when the Korean War began. In perhaps the most controversial time of his life, President Truman fired him on April 11, 1951, for reasons still debated today. Upon his return to the US, MacArthur was given a ticker-tape parade in NYC, and was allowed the honor to address a joint session of Congress. There was an unsuccessful attempt by Republicans to have him run for President in 1952, but he deferred, and the nomination went to General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower. After retirement, he became Chairman of the Board for the Remington Rand Corporation, and spent his remaining years in NYC, speaking out on public issues. His final address, in January 1962, to the graduating class at West Point is considered one of his finest speeches.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=656

   
Other Comments:
Old Soldiers Never Die Speech:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/filmmore/reference/primary/macspeech05.html
   
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Combat Infantryman 1st Award
Rifle
Pistol

 
 Unit Assignments
3rd Engineer BattalionUS Army Pacific (USARPAC)Office of Secretary of Defense (SECDEF)/White House Military OfficeUS Army Garrison USAG, Fort Leavenworth
42nd Infantry Division84th Infantry DivisionAirborne SchoolPhilippine Division
23rd Infantry Regiment4th Corps Materiel Management Center (CMMC)Philippine DepartmentIX Corps
Office of the Chief of Staff of the ArmyRetired ReserveUnited Nations Command (UNC)
  1903-1904, 3rd Engineer Battalion
  1904-1906, US Army Pacific (USARPAC)
  1906-1907, Office of Secretary of Defense (SECDEF)/White House Military Office
  1908-1911, 3rd Engineer Battalion
  1911-1912, US Army Garrison USAG, Fort Leavenworth/HHC
  1912-1917, HHC, US Army Vietnam (USARV)
  1917-1918, 42nd Infantry Division
  1918-1919, 84th Infantry Division
  1919-1922, Airborne School
  1922-1925, Philippine Division
  1923-1925, 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry Regiment/HHC
  1925-1925, 4th Corps Materiel Management Center (CMMC)
  1925-1928, C Company, 1st Arkansas Volunteer Infantry
  1928-1930, Philippine Department
  1930-1930, IX Corps
  1930-1935, Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army
  1935-1937, Defense Attache Office (USDAO)/US Embassy, Philippines
  1937-1941, Retired Reserve
  1941-1950, US Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE)
  1950-1951, United Nations Command (UNC)
  1951-1952, Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1903-1904 Moro Rebellion (Philippines)
  1914-1914 Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)
  1917-1918 World War I
  1941-1945 WWII - Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  1950-1951 Korean War
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1898-1903, United States Military Academy
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