Patton, George Smith, Jr., GEN

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1945-1945, 00GC, HQ European Theater of Operations, United States Army (ETOUSA)
Service Years
1909 - 1945

US

General



Seven Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
California
California
Year of Birth
1885
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Patton, George Smith, Jr. (Old Blood and Guts), GEN.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
San Gabriel
Last Address
Heidelberg, Germany

Date of Passing
Dec 21, 1945
 
Location of Interment
American Cemetery - Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Belgian Fourragere Wound Chevron (1917-1932) Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 (3rd Award) French Fourragere

WWII (4th Citation)


 Unofficial Badges 

Armor Shoulder Cord Order Kutuzov


 Military Association Memberships
Historical Soldiers
  1945, Historical Soldiers


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

 



George Smith Patton Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a general of the United States Army who commanded the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean theater of World War II, and the U.S. Third Army in France and Germany after the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.



Born in 1885, Patton attended the Virginia Military Institute and the U.S. Military Academyat West Point. He studied fencing and designed the M1913 Cavalry Saber, more commonly known as the "Patton Saber", and competed in modern pentathlon in the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden.



Patton first saw combat during 1916's Pancho Villa Expedition, America's first military action using motor vehicles. He saw action in World War I as part of the new United States Tank Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces: he commanded the U.S. tank school in France, then led tanks into combat and was wounded near the end of the war. In the interwar period, Patton became a central figure in the development of the Army's armored warfare doctrine, serving in numerous staff positions throughout the country. At the American entry into World War II, he commanded the 2nd Armored Division.



Patton led U.S. troops into the Mediterranean theater with an invasion of Casablancaduring Operation Torch in 1942, and soon established himself as an effective commander by rapidly rehabilitating the demoralized U.S. II Corps. He commanded the U.S. Seventh Army during the Allied invasion of Sicily, where he was the first Allied commander to reach Messina. There he was embroiled in controversy after he slapped two shell-shocked soldiers, and was temporarily removed from battlefield command. He then was assigned a key role in Operation Fortitude, the Allies' disinformation campaign for Operation Overlord. At the start of the Western Allied invasion of France, Patton was given command of the Third Army, which conducted a highly successful rapid armored drive across France. Under his decisive leadership, the Third Army took the lead in relieving beleaguered American troops at Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, after which his forces drove deep into Nazi Germany by the end of the war.



During the Allied occupation of Germany, Patton was named military governor of Bavaria, but was relieved for making aggressive statements towards the Soviet Union and trivializing denazification. He commanded the United States Fifteenth Army, concurrently as Commanding Officer, U.S. Army Europe (interim), from November 11, 1945 until his death.



Severely injured in an auto accident, he died in Germany on December 21, 1945.


   
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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
15th Cavalry Regiment8th US Cavalry 13th Cavalry Regiment3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment (3rd ACR)
Hawaiian Department3rd Cavalry Division5th US Cavalry3rd US Cavalry
2nd Armored DivisionI Armored CorpsII CorpsHQ, 7th Army
3rd Army15th ArmyHQ European Theater of Operations, United States Army (ETOUSA)
  1911-1912, 15th Cavalry Regiment
  1915-1916, 8th US Cavalry
  1916-1916, C Troop, 2nd Squadron, 13th Cavalry Regiment
  1916-1917, Punitive Expedition (Provisional Division)
  1917-1917, Tank Corps, National Army
  1918-1918, 302nd Tank Center, AEF, France
  1920-1922, 3rd Squadron, 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment (3d ACR)
  1925-1928, 00G1, Hawaiian Department
  1932-1935, 3rd Cavalry Division
  1938-1938, HHT, 5th US Cavalry
  1938-1940, 3rd US Cavalry
  1940-1941, 1210, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Armored Division
  1940-1942, 00GC, 2nd Armored Division
  1942-1943, 00GC, I Armored Corps
  1943-1943, II Corps
  1943-1943, 00GC, HQ, 7th Army
  1944-1945, 00GC, 3rd Army
  1945-1945, 00GC, 15th Army
  1945-1945, 00GC, HQ European Theater of Operations, United States Army (ETOUSA)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1916-1917 Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)/Pancho Villa Expedition (1916-1917)
  1918-1918 World War I/St. Mihiel Campaign
  1918-1918 World War I/Meuse-Argonne Campaign
  1942-1942 WWII - Africa Theater of Operations/Algeria-French Morocco Campaign (1942)/Operation Torch
  1942-1943 WWII - Africa Theater of Operations/Tunisia Campaign (1942-43)
  1943-1943 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Sicily Campaign (1943)
  1944-1944 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Southern France Campaign (1944)
  1944-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)
  1944-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Ardennes Alsace Campaign (1944-45)/Battle of the Bulge
  1944-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Ardennes Alsace Campaign (1944-45)
  1945-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Central Europe Campaign (1945)
  1945-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Central Europe Campaign (1945)/Victory in Europe Day (VE Day - 8May45)
  1945-1945 Denazification Program
  1945-1945 US Occupation of Germany (WWII)
 Colleges Attended 
Virginia Military InstituteUnited States Military AcademyCommand and General Staff CollegeArmy War College
  1903-1904, Virginia Military Institute
  1905-1909, United States Military Academy
  1918-1918, Army Staff College
  1923-1924, Command and General Staff College
  1931-1932, Army War College
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