Loper, Herbert Bernard, MG

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major General
Last Service Branch
General Staff
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1952-1953, Armed Forces Special Weapons Project (AFSWP)
Service Years
1918 - 1955

General Staff

Major General



Four Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Kansas
Kansas
Year of Birth
1896
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Loper, Herbert Bernard, MG USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Norcatur, Kansas
Last Address
Palm Bay, Florida

Date of Passing
Aug 25, 1989
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Burial location unknown.

 Official Badges 

US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Joint Chiefs of Staff


 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Herbert Bernard Loper (22 October 1896 – 25 August 1989) was a United States Army major general who helped plan the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign and the Okinawa campaign during World War II. He was chief of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project from 1952 to 1953, and Chairman of the Military Liaison Committee of the United States Atomic Energy Commission from 1954 to 1961.A graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, he was commissioned in the US Army Corps of Engineers in 1919. He graduated from the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1940, and became Assistant Chief, and later Chief, of the Intelligence Division at the Office of the Chief of Engineers in Washington, DC. In May 1942, he negotiated the Loper-Hotline Agreement, under which responsibility for military mapping and survey of the globe was divided between the United States and the United Kingdom. In 1944, he was appointed Chief Engineer of US Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas. In this role he was involved with the planning of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign and the Okinawa campaign. After the fighting ended, he participated in the Occupation of Japan.Loper returned to the United States to become Chief of the Joint Photo and Survey Section of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's Joint Intelligence Group in 1948. The next year he was appointed as an Army member of the Military Liaison Committee of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. He wrote a report which became known as the Loper Memorandum, which was influential in the decision to develop thermonuclear weapons. He was Deputy Commander of Joint Task Force 3, which was responsible for the conduct the Operation Greenhouse nuclear tests in the Pacific. In 1951 became Chief of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project, but was forced to retire after he suffered a heart attack in 1953. He subsequently served as Chairman of the Military Liaison Committee from 2 August 1954 to 14 July 1961.

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 Unit Assignments
United States Military Academy West Point (Staff)US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)7th Engineer Battalion5th Infantry Division
US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)US Far East CommandJoint Chiefs of StaffU.S. Army
  1918-1919, United States Military Academy West Point (Staff)
  1919-1940, US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  1940-1940, 7th Engineer Battalion
  1940-1940, 5th Infantry Division
  1940-1944, US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  1944-1945, US Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas
  1945-1948, US Far East Command
  1948-1949, Joint Chiefs of Staff
  1952-1953, Armed Forces Special Weapons Project (AFSWP)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1918-1919 Occupation of Germany, 1919 to 1923
  1944-1945 WWII - Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  1945-1948 US Occupation of Germany (WWII)
 Colleges Attended 
Washburn UniversityUnited States Military AcademyMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCommand and General Staff College
  1912-1916, Washburn University
  1917-1918, United States Military Academy
  1920-1921, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  1939-1940, Command and General Staff College
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