Bates, Paul Levern, COL

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Service Branch
Armor
Last Primary MOS
1210-Armored Combat Command Commander
Last MOS Group
Armor (Officer)
Primary Unit
1943-1945, 1210, 761st Tank Battalion
Service Years
1941 - 1963

Armor

Colonel



Four Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
California
California
Year of Birth
1908
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Bates, Paul Levern, COL.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Los Angeles, California
Last Address
Dunedin, Florida

Date of Passing
Feb 21, 1995
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot: Section 60, Lot 6101, Map grid KK 22.5

 Official Badges 

US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Honorably Discharged WW II


 Unofficial Badges 

Armor Shoulder Cord


 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of the Purple Heart
  1945, Military Order of the Purple Heart - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

The white Colonel who refused to court martial Jackie Robinson and who was the commander of the first black tank battalion to go into battle in World War II, has died at 86. Paul L. Bates died of cancer at home on Tuesday February 21, 1995, his daughter-in-law, Dorothy Bates, said.

The 761st Tank Battalion entered combat in November 1944 as part of General George Patton's Third Army and fought for 183 consecutive days without relief, veteran David Williams wrote in his memoirs, "Hit Hard."

The unit captured, destroyed or liberated more than 30 major towns, 34 tanks and 4 airfields. In 1978, President Carter awarded the 761st a Presidential Unit Citation for extraordinary heroism.

Bates took command of the battalion, all of whose enlisted men were black, in January 1943. When the unit finished training in rigidly segregated boot camps, Bates refused a promotion from Lieuteantn Colonel that would have separated him from the battalion he called one of the Army's best. He was eventually promoted to full Colonel.

At a segregated boot camp in Texas, he refused to court martial a black officer for refusing to move to the back of a bus at Fort Hood. That officer was Jackie Robinson, who was tried for insubordination, acquitted, and went on to break the color barrier in major league baseball by signing with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Three years ago, a PBS documentary erroneously credited the 761st and another all-black battalion credited with liberating Dachau and Buchenwald in 1945. The producers later said the piece was flawed but that the 761st did help liberate a subcamp at Mauthausen. Will be buried Wednesday, 1 March 1995, with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery (Section 60 Grave 6101).

He is survived by his wife, two sons and three grandchildren.

March 4, 1908-February 21, 1995.

http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/plbates.htm

   
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 Ribbon Bar

Tank Weapons

 
 Unit Assignments
761st Tank Battalion
  1943-1945, 1210, 761st Tank Battalion
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Ardennes Alsace Campaign (1944-45)
 Colleges Attended 
Western Maryland College
  1927-1931, Western Maryland College
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