Rowan, Andrew Summers, LTC

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Last Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Last Service Branch
Military Intelligence
Primary Unit
1906-1908, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry
Service Years
1881 - 1909

Military Intelligence

Lieutenant Colonel

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Home State
West Virginia
West Virginia
Year of Birth
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Contact Info
Home Town
Gap MIlls
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Jan 10, 1943
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Rowan, Andrew S.
Captain, U.S. Army
Home: Union, West Virginia
19th Infantry
Date of Action:  May 1898
General Orders No. No. 38, W.D., 1922


The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Andrew S. Rowan, Captain , U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action in connection with the operations in Cuba in May, 1898.

At the outbreak of the Spanish-American campaign Lieutenant Rowan, under disguise, entered the enemy lines in Oriente, crossed the island of Cuba, and not only succeeded in delivering a message to General Garcia, but secured secret information relative to existing military conditions in that region of such great value that it had an important bearing on the quick ending of the struggle and the complete success of the U.S. Army.

Other Comments:
Andrew Summers Rowan (1857??1943)
Rowan’s army career was, for the most part, unremarkable: garrison duty at various posts in the United States; some survey work in Central America; a Washington assignment in the Adjutant General’s Office; appointment as military attaché to Chile; staff service in Puerto Rico and Cuba during the War with Spain; some time in the Philippines; a year teaching military science in Kansas; and retirement as major after thirty years service.

There was one spectacular break in the routine. Early in 1898, Rowan was dispatched on a secret mission to obtain information on the strength of rebel forces in Cuba from their leader, Gen. Calixto Garcia. Rowan landed on the island the day Spain declared war, found Garcia, and returned with the information in eleven days. Rowan’s exploit inspired a much–reprinted and much–translated 1899 pamphlet by Elbert Hubbard, Message to Garcia, that made the officer’s name world famous.

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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
Basic Airborne Course (BAC) Airborne School1st Battalion, 15th Infantry 1st Battalion, 19th Infantry
  1877-1881, Basic Airborne Course (BAC) Airborne School
  1881-1891, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry
  1891-1902, HHC, 1st Battalion, 19th Infantry
  1902-1906, HHC, 1st Battalion, 19th Infantry
  1906-1908, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1898-1898 Spanish-American War
  1899-1900 Moro Rebellion (Philippines)
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1877-1881, United States Military Academy
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