Gresham, John Chowning, COL

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Last Rank
Last Service Branch
Primary Unit
1918-1918, Basic Airborne Course (BAC) Airborne School
Service Years
1876 - 1918



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Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by COL Samuel Russell to remember Gresham, John Chowning (MOH), COL USA(Ret).

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Contact Info
Home Town
Lancaster County
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Sep 02, 1926
Location of Interment
San Francisco National Cemetery - San Francisco, California
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

US Army Retired (Pre-2007)

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
National Society Sons of the American RevolutionMedal of Honor Recipients
  1894, National Society Sons of the American Revolution - Assoc. Page
  1895, Medal of Honor Recipients [Verified] - Assoc. Page

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
General Order No. 100, Adjutant General’s Office, Dec. 17, 1891
     The Major General Commanding takes pleasure in publishing in orders to the Army the names of the following officers and enlisted men who, during the year 1890 and in the recent campaign in South Dakota, distinguished themselves by ‘”specially meritorious acts or conduct:”
     December 29 and 30, 1890. 1st Lieutenant John C. Gresham, 7th Cavalry: For coolness and gallantry while in charge of a detachment of Troop B, in actions against hostile Sioux Indians in the ravine at Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota, on the 29th, and on the crest near the Catholic Mission, on White Clay Creek, South Dakota, on the 30th.

Other Comments:
2626.. (Born Va.).... JOHN C. GRESHAM (Ap'd Va.). .34
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1872, to June 14, 1876, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
(Second Lieut., 3d Cavalry, June 15, 1876.)
(Transferred to 7th Cavalry, June 26,1876)
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Sep. 28 to Oct. 20,1876, — Standing Rock Agency, Dak., to Nov. 9, 1876, —Ft. Rice, Dak., Nov. 11, 1876, to Apr. 19, 1877, —Nez Perces Expedition, May 1 to Nov. 20,1877, being engaged in the Action of Canon Creek, Mon., Sep. 13, 1877, —Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Nov. 20, 1877, to July 4, 1878, — Scouting,
(First Lieut., 7th Cavalry, June 28, 1878)
and at Bear Butte, Dak., to Sep. 20,1878, — and Standing Rock Agency, Oct. 4-29, 1878; on leave of absence, Oct. 29, 1878, to Mar. 1, 1879; on frontier duty at Ft. A. Lincoln, Dak., to Mar. 5, 1879,—detached service at Ft. Vancouver, Wash., to May 24, 1879, — Ft. Yates, Dak. (guarding construction parties of the Northern Pacific Railroad, June 1 to Nov. 27, 1880), to July 24, 1884, —and Rifle Competition, to Sep., 1884; as Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Virginia Agricultural College, Sep. 27, 1884, to Feb. 8, 1887 ; on sick leave of absence, to Aug. 6, 1887; and on frontier duty at Ft. Meade, Dak., to June 1, 1888, — and March to and at Ft. Riley, Kan. (in the field in South Dakota in campaign against Sioux Indians, Nov., 1890 to Jan., 1891, being engaged in the action at Wounded Knee, Dec. 29, and at White Clay Creek, S. D., Dec. 30, 1899, and was commended in General Order No. 100, Adjutant-General's Office, Dec. 17, 1891, for coolness and gallantry in those actions),
(Captain of Cavalry, 7th Cavalry, April 8, 1892)
to May 17, 1895; at Fort Grant, Ariz., to Oct. 11, 1896, and at Fort Bayard, N. M., to Dec. 14, 1896. — Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Fine Arts, West Raleigh, N. C, Dec. 21, 1896 to June, 1898, being also on mustering duty at Raleigh, N. C, in May, 1898. — Garrison duty at Fort Grant, Ariz., June 24 to Oct. 4, 1898. —With regiment at Huntsville, Ala., to Dec., 1898. — Sick at Macon, Ga., to Jan., 1899. — On recruiting service at Providence, R. I., Feb. 1, 1899 to March 6, 1900. — With regiment at Havana, Cuba, March 18, 1899 to Sept. 17, 1901.
(Major, 6th Cavalry, Sept. 17, 1901)
--Remained with 7th Cavalry to Oct. 17, 1901; leave Oct. 25 to Dec. 25, 1901; sailed to Manila, Jan. 1, 1902; sick on transport and in hospital, Manila, Jan. 16 to Mar. 8, 1902; with 6th Cavalry on Luzon till June, 1902; in Malvar campaign, Mar. and April, 1902; detached service in Lipa and Maquiling Mountains in command of some 600 men; received telegram from General J. F. Bell of congratulation and commendation; commanded three troops cavalry and company, Scouts Headquarters, Genan, May and June, 1902; terrible cholera epidemic but lost only two men; Acting Inspector-General, middle June, 1902 to Sept. 15, 1903; transferred to 15th Cavalry, Aug. 14, 1903; at Fort Myer, Va., and fort Ethan Allen, Vt., Oct. 27, 1903 to Sept. 25, 1905; Inspector-General, Aug. 2, 1905; sailed for Manila, Oct. 5, 1905; duty, Inspector-General Department, Visayas, till Jan. 26, 1906; sick in hospital from Jan. 26 to July 14, 1906; assigned 9th Cavalry, July 5, 1906; commanded regiment maneuvers Fort Riley, July, Aug. and Sept. 1906; commanded Fort Leavenworth, Oct., 1906; Duty War College, Nov. 1, 1906, Nov. 4, 1907;
(Lieut.-Colonel, 14th Cavalry, July 24, 1907)
leave, Nov. 4, 1907 to March 4, 1908; at Boise Bks., Idaho, commanding post, March 4 to May 8, 1908; commanding regiment and post, May 9 to July 18, 1908; at Camp D. S. Stanley, Wash., Chief Umpire at Camp of Instruction, July 27 to Aug. 29, 1908; at Boise Bks., commanding regiment and post, Sept. 16, 1908, to Feb. 28, 19010; en route to Philippines, March 7 to April 5, 19010; at Camp Stotsenburg, P. I., commanding regiment and post, April 5, 1910, to July 10, 1911; on special duty in connection with establishment of forage production, July 11, 1911 to
(Colonel of Cavalry, Aug. 11, 1911)
(Assigned to 10th Cavalry, April 3, 1912)
May 14, 1912; en route to U. S., to June 9, 1912; on leave of absence, June 9 to Oct. 2, 1912; at Fort Ethan Allen, Vt., commanding regiment and post, Oct. 8, 1912, to Dec. 5, 1913 (commanded regiment in maneuvers at Winchester, Va., July 8 to Sept. 30, 1913); commanding regiment en route from Fort Ethan Allen to Mexican border, Dec. 5, 1913; at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, commanding regiment at post, Dec. 21, 1913, to Aug. 1, 1914; at San Francisco, Cal., in charge of Militia affairs, Western Department, Aug. 2, 1914, to Sept. 25, 1915.
Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, Sept. 25, 1915,
By Operation of Law.
Assigned to active duty on day following retirement; at Los Angeles, Cal., with National Guard of California, to January, 1918; at Denver, Col., at University of Denver, Jan. 14, 1918; organized unit of Reserve Officers’ Training Corps at that institution and commanded it until it was replaced by the Students’ Army Training Corps; organized unit of S. A. T. C. at same place and commanded it until it was demobilized Dec. 20, 1918.

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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
7th US Cavalry U.S. Army15th Cavalry Regiment9th Cavalry
1st Squadron, 14th Cavalry10th Cavalry ARNG, California
  1876-1878, HHT, 7th US Cavalry
  1878-1892, HHT, 7th US Cavalry
  1892-1901, HHT, 7th US Cavalry
  1901-1903, 6th US Cavalry
  1903-1906, 15th Cavalry Regiment
  1906-1907, 9th Cavalry
  1907-1911, 1st Squadron, 14th Cavalry
  1912-1915, HHT, 10th Cavalry
  1915-1918, HHD, California Army National Guard
  1918-1918, Basic Airborne Course (BAC) Airborne School
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1877-1877 Nez Perce War
  1890-1890 Wounded Knee Massacre1
  1899-1901 Occupation Duty
  1902-1904 Moro Rebellion (Philippines)/Mindanao Campaign
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military AcademyArmy War College
  1872-1876, United States Military Academy
  1906-1907, Army War College
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