Fox, Annie Gayton, MAJ

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major
Last Service Branch
Army Nurse Corps
Last Primary MOS
3448-Medical-Surgical Nurse
Last MOS Group
Nurse Corps (Officer)
Primary Unit
1940-1941, Pacific Theater
Service Years
1918 - 1945

Army Nurse Corps

Major


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

53 kb

Home Country
Canada
Canada
Year of Birth
1893
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SFC Ken Logue-Deceased to remember Fox, Annie Gayton (First Female Recipient of the Purple Heart), MAJ.

If you knew or served with this Soldier and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
San Francisco, California
Last Address
FOX, ANNIE GAYTON
MAJOR US ARMY
WORLD WAR I, WORLD WAR II
DATE OF BIRTH: 08/04/1893
DATE OF DEATH: 01/20/1987
BURIED AT: SECTION A SITE 657-A
SAN FRANCISCO NATIONAL CEMETERY
1 LINCOLN BLVD PRESIDIO

Date of Passing
Jan 20, 1987
 
Location of Interment
San Francisco National Cemetery - San Francisco, California
Wall/Plot Coordinates
SECTION A SITE 657-A

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Pearl Harbor Memorial Medallion




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Lt. Annie G. Fox (August 4, 1893 – January 20, 1987) was the first woman to receive the Purple Heart for combat.   She served as the chief nurse in the Army Nurse Corps at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941. At that time the awarding of the Purple Heart did not require the service person to be injured. The requirements were changed after the attack of Pearl Harbor and LT Fox was awarded the Bronze Star because Fox was not wounded in the attack.

Annie G. Fox served in the Army Nurse Corps during World War II. 1st Lt. Fox worked at Hickam Field, Oahu, Hawaii, and was on duty the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. She served her country that day by tending to the soldiers and sailors who were hurt in the bombings. For her service at Pearl Harbor, she received the Purple Heart, the first woman awarded this honor. While the Purple Heart is usually given to soldiers injured in battle, this custom did not begin until later in World War II. Initially, when it was established by George Washington, the Purple Heart awarded any “singularly meritorious act of extraordinary fidelity or essential service.” Lt. Fox’s service during Pearl Harbor, met this criteria, and thus she was awarded this great honor. The fact that she was a woman illustrates the changes in women’s roles that occurred during World War II. That war forever changed how women were viewed and valued in society and the military.


   
Other Comments:

The Purple Heart was originally established by General George Washington in 1782. It was re-instituted in 1932 for the bicentennial of Washington's birth. Although generally awarded to service members wounded in action, it was also awarded for any "singularly meritorious act of extraordinary fidelity or essential service." Later in the war, the requirements for award of the Purple Heart were limited to wounds received as a result of enemy action. At that time, individuals were given other awards to replace the Purple Heart.

On October 6, 1944, 1st Lieutenant Fox was awarded the Bronze Star Medal. The Report of Decorations Board cited the same acts of heroism as those cited for the Purple Heart. The last paragraph of the report reads:

“The Bronze Star Medal is in lieu of the Purple Heart awarded. . . Since Lieutenant Fox was not wounded in action. Cancellation of the award of the Purple Heart is also recommended.” The recommendation of the board was approved. Fox was presented the Purple Heart on October 26, 1942 at Hickam Field. Colonel William Boyd, Post Commander read the citation which was commanded by Brigadier General W.E. Farthing and signed by Colonel L.P. Turner, Air Corps Executive Officer (Photo in Honolulu Advertiser, 10.27.1942, p 12)


   
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 Unit Assignments
US Army Air Force (USAAF)
  1940-1941, Pacific Theater
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Attack on Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941
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