Parker, James, MG

 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major General
Last Service Branch
Primary Unit
1917-1918, 85th Division
Service Years
1876 - 1918


Major General

Two Overseas Service Bars

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
New Jersey
New Jersey
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Parker, James (MOH), MG USA(Ret).
Contact Info
Home Town
Newark, New Jersey
Last Address
Portsmouth, Rhode Island
Buried at Saint Mary's Episcopal Churchyard, Portsmouth, Rhode Island

Date of Passing
Jun 02, 1934
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

US Army Retired (Pre-2007)

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
Congressional Medal Of Honor Society
  1899, Congressional Medal Of Honor Society [Verified]

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

James Parker (February 20, 1854 ?? June 2, 1934) was a Major General in the United States Army and a Medal of Honor recipient for his role in the Philippine-American War during 1899. His son, Cortlandt Parker, also became a Major General in the United States Army.

Biography. Born in Newark, New Jersey on February 20, 1854, James Parker was educated at Newark Academy, Phillips Academy (Andover, Massachusetts) and Rutgers College, where he was admitted to the Zeta Psi fraternity. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1876, 31st in a class of 50 cadets, and was appointed Second Lieutenant. Thus began his 42 years of military service which culminated in his appointment as a Major General in the U.S. Army.

He is buried in Saint Mary's Episcopal Churchyard, Portsmouth, Rhode Island.

Military career. He spent his early years serving in the Fourth United States Cavalry participating in the Indian Wars of the Southwest. His military career was influenced by the magnetic personality of the commander of the Fourth Cavalry, General Ranald S. Mackenzie, a legend for his success as a cavalry commander in the American Civil War. In May 1886, First Lieutenant Parker commanded one column of troops sent into Mexico to track down the famous Apache leader Geronimo and his band, and cooperated with Captain Henry W. Lawton and First Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood when Geronimo was captured.

Later he served as second in command of the 12th New York Infantry in Cuba during the Spanish-American War and saw significant combat while commanding the 45th Volunteer Infantry in the Philippine-American War during 1899 where he earned the Medal of Honor. From 1903 to 1908, he also served as Head of Militia Affairs in the Adjutant General's office.

Medal of Honor citation. Citation:

While in command of a small garrison repulsed a savage night attack by overwhelming numbers of the enemy, fighting at close quarters in the dark for several hours.

Decorations. In addition to the Medal of Honor, Major General Parker was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and three Silver Stars for his service and battlefield exploits.

Other Comments:
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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
4th US Cavalry 12th Infantry1st Battalion, 45th Infantry Army Garrison, Fort Sam Houston, TX
33rd Infantry Division85th Division
  1876-1898, 4th US Cavalry
  1898-1898, HHC, 12th Infantry
  1899-1903, 1st Battalion, 45th Infantry
  1917-1917, Army Garrison, Fort Sam Houston, TX
  1917-1917, 33rd Infantry Division
  1917-1918, 85th Division
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1876-1891 Indian Wars (US)
  1898-1898 Spanish-American War
  1899-1901 Moro Rebellion (Philippines)
  1917-1918 World War I
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1872-1876, United States Military Academy
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