Castle, Frederick Walker, BG

Fallen
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Brigadier General
Last Service Branch
Aviation
Last Primary MOS
1980-Fixed Wing Aviation Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Aviation (Officer)
Primary Unit
1930-1931, US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
Service Years
1924 - 1944

Aviation

Brigadier General



Two Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

11 kb

Home Country
Philippines
Philippines
Year of Birth
1908
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSG Clentis D. Turnbow to remember Castle, Frederick Walker (MOH), BG.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Mountain Lakes, New Jersey
Last Address
Li├Ęge, Belgium

Casualty Date
Dec 24, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
Belgium
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
American Cemetery - Henri-Chapelle, Belgium
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot D, Row 13, Grave 53

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order Kutuzov


 Military Association Memberships
Congressional Medal Of Honor SocietyMedal of HonorWorld War II FallenThe National Purple Heart Hall of Honor
  1944, Congressional Medal Of Honor Society
  1944, Medal of Honor [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1944, World War II Fallen
  1944, The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor

 Photo Album   (More...


 Ribbon Bar

AAF Command Pilot Badge

 
 Unit Assignments
US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  1930-1931, US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1926-1930, United States Military Academy
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Brigadier General, US Army Air Corps. Medal of Honor Recipient. Born at Fort McKinley in Manila, Philippines, the son of Marie Durning and Colonel Benjamin Castle. He grew up in Tientsin, China; Washington, DC; Paris, France; and Mountain Lakes, New Jersey. He attended the US Military Academy, and after graduating in1930 as a Second Lieutenant, Engineers, he took Air Corps training at March Field and Kelly Field. He was assigned as a pilot and assistant operations officer with the 17th Pursuit Squadron at Selfridge Field. He resigned in 1934, and took a position with Allied Chemical followed by a period with the Sperry Gyroscope Company, while keeping reserve status with the New York National Guard. Following Pearl Harbor, he re-entered active service in January 1942. He was assigned to Major General Ira Eaker and was posted to London as the 8th Air Force Air Chief of Staff for supply. He was promoted to colonel in 1943, and took command of the 94th Bomb Group. In 1944, he was given command of the 4th Combat Wing, and was promoted to brigadier general. 


   
Comments/Citation

moh_army.gif (14215 bytes)

The President of the United States
in the name of The Congress
takes pleasure in presenting the
Medal of Honor
to

*CASTLE, FREDERICK W. 
(Air Mission)

Rank and organization: Brigadier General. Assistant Commander, 4th Bomber Wing, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Germany, 24 December 1944. Entered service at: Mountain Lake, N.J. Born: 14 October 1908, Manila P.I. G.O. No. 22, 28 February 1947.

Citation
He was air commander and leader of more than 2,000 heavy bombers in a strike against German airfields on 24 December 1944. En route to the target, the failure of 1 engine forced him to relinquish his place at the head of the formation. In order not to endanger friendly troops on the ground below, he refused to jettison his bombs to gain speed maneuverability. His lagging, unescorted aircraft became the target of numerous enemy fighters which ripped the left wing with cannon shells. set the oxygen system afire, and wounded 2 members of the crew. Repeated attacks started fires in 2 engines, leaving the Flying Fortress in imminent danger of exploding. Realizing the hopelessness of the situation, the bail-out order was given. Without regard for his personal safety he gallantly remained alone at the controls to afford all other crewmembers an opportunity to escape. Still another attack exploded gasoline tanks in the right wing, and the bomber plunged earthward. carrying Gen. Castle to his death. His intrepidity and willing sacrifice of his life to save members of the crew were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.

 

   
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