Baker, Addison Earl, LTC

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Last Service Branch
Aviation
Primary Unit
1943-1943, 2518, USAAF 5th Air Force/93rd Bomb Group
Service Years
1929 - 1943

Aviation

Lieutenant Colonel



One Overseas Service Bar


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Illinois
Illinois
Year of Birth
1907
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSG Carl A. Elliott to remember Baker, Addison Earl, LTC.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Chicago, Illinois
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Aug 01, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
Romania
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
American Cemetery - Florence, Italy
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Wall of the Missing

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Congressional Medal Of Honor SocietyWorld War II Fallen
  1943, Congressional Medal Of Honor Society
  1943, World War II Fallen [Verified]

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 Ribbon Bar

AAF Pilot Badge

 
 Unit Assignments
Army Air CorpsUSAAF 5th Air Force/93rd Bomb Group
  1929-1943, Army Air Corps
  1943-1943, 2518, USAAF 5th Air Force/93rd Bomb Group
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1943 World War II
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Lieutenant Colonel Addison Earl Baker (January 1, 1907 - August 1, 1943) was commander of the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) in the U.S. Army Air Forces who led the group on the low-altitude Allied bombing mission of oil refineries at Ploiesti, Romania, Operation Tidal Wave. For his actions during World War II he received the United States of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor.

Final mission
On August 1, 1943, the 93rd Bomb Group, one of three from the 8th Air Force sent to the 9th Air Force especially for this mission, took to the air at Benghazi, Libya. Piloting Hell's Wench, a B-24 Liberator (Serial 42-40994), Baker led the 93rd as the second formation in the five-group mission of 177 aircraft. Co-piloting the aircraft was a volunteer and former member of the 93rd, Major John L. Jerstad.

En route the aircraft carrying the mission navigator crashed at sea. As a result, when the force reached the target area, the lead group turned at the wrong point and flew towards Bucharest. Baker attempted to warn the mission commander of this error, but when that failed, led the remainder of the force to the correct turning point.

Although Hell's Wench was in flames and had been seriously damaged by German anti-aircraft guns, Baker maintained formation and bombed his target. Subsequently, Baker broke formation to avoid a mid-air collision with bombers from the lead group, now arriving in the target area from the opposite direction. He attempted to gain altitude so that his crew could escape by parachute, but despite his efforts, Hell's Wench crashed and exploded, killing Baker and the other nine airmen aboard.

Although his body was never recovered he was given a memorial site in Florence American Cemetery and Memorial Florence, Italy.

Honors.
On March 11, 1944, Baker was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army Air Corps, 93d Heavy Bombardment Group.
Place and date: Ploesti Raid, Rumania, August 1, 1943.
Entered service at: Akron, Ohio. Born: January 1, 1907, Chicago, Ill. G.O. No.: 20, March 11, 1944.

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy on August 1, 1943. On this date he led his command, the 93d Heavy Bombardment Group, on a daring low-level attack against enemy oil refineries and installations at Ploesti, Rumania. Approaching the target, his aircraft was hit by a large caliber antiaircraft shell, seriously damaged and set on fire. Ignoring the fact he was flying over terrain suitable for safe landing, he refused to jeopardize the mission by breaking up the lead formation and continued unswervingly to lead his group to the target upon which he dropped his bombs with devastating effect. Only then did he leave formation, but his valiant attempts to gain sufficient altitude for the crew to escape by parachute were unavailing and his aircraft crashed in flames after his successful efforts to avoid other planes in formation. By extraordinary flying skill, gallant leadership and intrepidity, Lt. Col. Baker rendered outstanding, distinguished, and valorous service to our Nation.

LTC Baker is one of the stories in the book 38 Greatest Air Heroes.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8081873

   
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