Adams, Lucian (MOH), S/Sgt

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Last Rank
Staff Sergeant
Last Service Branch
Last Primary MOS
746-Automatic Rifleman
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Enlisted)
Primary Unit
1943-1945, 745, 3rd Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment
Service Years
1943 - 1945

Staff Sergeant

One Service Stripe

Two Overseas Service Bars

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Adams, Lucian (MOH), S/Sgt.
Contact Info
Home Town
Port Arthur
Last Address
San Antonio, Texas

Date of Passing
Mar 31, 2003
Location of Interment
Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery - San Antonio, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord Honorably Discharged WW II

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
The National Purple Heart Hall of HonorCongressional Medal Of Honor Society
  1945, The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor [Verified]
  1958, Congressional Medal Of Honor Society [Verified]

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Staff Sergeant Lucian Adams (October 22, 1922 - March 31, 2003) was a United States Army soldier during World War II who received the Medal of Honor for single-handedly destroying enemy machine gun emplacements to re-establish supply lines to U.S. Army companies. He also received the Bronze Star and Purple Heart for his heroic actions in Italy.

Personal: Lucian Adams was born on October 22, 1922, in Port Arthur, Texas. He was one of twelve children from a large Mexican American family. He attended Port Arthur High School. Adams enlisted in the Army in 1943 after spending two years in a wartime plant making landing craft- Just like the ones that would carry him to the shores of Italy then France in the American invasion of Europe.

Service. In the summer of 1944, the 3rd Infantry Division landed near Saint - Tropez and began advancing into central France. By late October, Sergeant Adam's company was near the town of Saint-Die in the Mortagne forest, moving down a country road to open a supply line to two assault companies of his battalion that were cut off by the Germans.When stopped by heavy enemy fire, Adams, was sent forward to scout the German position and reported three enemy machine-gun nests to his company commander. He was then told "You go on out there and make a breakthrough to get those GIs" Carrying a borrowed Browning automatic rifle, Adams began walking with his men down the road which was heavily wooded on both sides. They had not gone ten yards before the German machine guns opened fire killing three men immediately and wounding six others. The rest of the men except Adams took cover. Adams pressed forward moving from tree to tree straight through enemy fire to kill the first gunner with a grenade. When another German popped up from a foxhole a few yards away Adams killed him with fire from the Browning rifle. Charging into the fire of the second machine gun he killed its gunner with another grenade and forced its two supporting infantrymen to surrender. He then ran deeper into the woods killing five more Germans. The then began taking fire from the third machine gunner who missed his mark; Adams didn't. He killed the gunner, and by the time Adams finished his one man rampage he had cleared the woods of enemy soldiers. Adams men began calling him the tornado from Texas. After the action Adams was told by messenger that he was recommended for the Medal of Honor. Since he had heard the same thing at Anzio when he single handedly destroyed a German machine gun position, he didn't pay too much attention and continued on with his unit fighting their way into Germany. In the spring of 1945 he received orders to go home to be awarded the Medal of Honor by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Before he left however President Roosevelt died. Adams received the medal from Lieutenant General Alexander Patch on April 23, 1945 in Nuremberg's Zeppelin Stadium. An American flag was draped over a huge swastika on the top of the stadium. After the ceremony American engineers removed the flag and blew up the swastika. After serving in the European Theatre during World War II, he returned to Texas where he worked for the Veterans Administration for over 40 years before retiring in 1986. He died on March 31, 2003, in San Antonio, Texas, and is buried in the Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery in San Antonio.

Medal of Honor citation. While serving with the 30th Infantry, 3rd Infantry Division, in France, SSgt Adams' company was attempting to open supply lines; he single-handedly eliminated the enemy positions. His citation reads:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 28 October 1944, near St. Die, France. When his company was stopped in its effort to drive through the Mortagne Forest to reopen the supply line to the isolated third battalion, S/Sgt. Adams braved the concentrated fire of machineguns in a lone assault on a force of German troops. Although his company had progressed less than 10 yards and had lost 3 killed and 6 wounded, S/Sgt. Adams charged forward dodging from tree to tree firing a borrowed BAR from the hip. Despite intense machinegun fire which the enemy directed at him and rifle grenades which struck the trees over his head showering him with broken twigs and branches, S/Sgt. Adams made his way to within 10 yards of the closest machinegun and killed the gunner with a hand grenade. An enemy soldier threw hand grenades at him from a position only 10 yards distant; however, S/Sgt. Adams dispatched him with a single burst of BAR fire. Charging into the vortex of the enemy fire, he killed another machinegunner at 15 yards range with a hand grenade and forced the surrender of 2 supporting infantrymen. Although the remainder of the German group concentrated the full force of its automatic weapons fire in a desperate effort to knock him out, he proceeded through the woods to find and exterminate 5 more of the enemy. Finally, when the third German machinegun opened up on him at a range of 20 yards, S/Sgt. Adams killed the gunner with BAR fire. In the course of the action, he personally killed 9 Germans, eliminated 3 enemy machineguns, vanquished a specialized force which was armed with automatic weapons and grenade launchers, cleared the woods of hostile elements, and reopened the severed supply lines to the assault companies of his battalion.

He was awarded the Medal of Honor on March 29, 1945.

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Other Comments:
Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient

Port Arthur native Lucian Adams received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions near St. Die, France, on October 28, 1944, when the staff sergeant single-handedly knocked out the three machine gun emplacements that were destroying supply lines between several U.S. Arm companies in the area. To honor Adams for his achievements, Aurora Park in Port Arthur was renamed Lucian Adams Field, and a monument was erected in 1974. In 1986 a section of 61st Street in Port Arthur was renamed in his honor. Adams was also honored on Veterans Day in 1988 with the dedication of a bust to be displayed in the Museum of the Gulf Coast. Besides the Medal of Honor, Adams also received the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart for gallantry in action during the Casino campaign in Italy during World War II. Adams graduated from Franklin Jr. High School and Port Arthur High School. He enlisted right out of high school. After the war, Adams worked for 40 years with the Veterans Administration in various offices, mostly in San Antonio. He retired in 1986 and resided in San Antonio until his death in 2003.



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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
3rd Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment3rd Infantry Division
  1943-1945, 745, 3rd Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment
  1944-1945, 3rd Infantry Division
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1943-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Naples-Foggia Campaign (1943-44)
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Anzio Campaign (1944)
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Rome-Arno Campaign (1944)
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Southern France Campaign (1944)
  1944-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)
  1944-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Ardennes Alsace Campaign (1944-45)
  1945-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Central Europe Campaign (1945)
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