Craig, Robert, 2LT

Fallen
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Second Lieutenant
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Last Primary MOS
1542-Infantry Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Officer)
Primary Unit
1941-1944, 3rd Battalion, 15th Infantry /L Company
Service Years
1941 - 1944

Infantry

Second Lieutenant


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

19 kb

Home Country
Ireland
Ireland
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by LTC Roger Gaines to remember Craig, Robert, 2LT.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Toledo
Last Address
Toledo, Ohio

Casualty Date
Jul 11, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Location
Italy
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Toledo Memorial Park - Sylvania, Ohio
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Plot: Section 36, Lot 188, Grave 5

 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord


 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1944, World War II Fallen [Verified]

 Photo Album   (More...


 Ribbon Bar

Combat Infantryman 1st Award

 
 Unit Assignments
3rd Infantry Division3rd Battalion, 15th Infantry
  1941-1943, 3rd Infantry Division
  1941-1944, 3rd Battalion, 15th Infantry /L Company
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1943-1943 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Sicily Campaign (1943)
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Early life Robert Craig was born in Scotland, emigrating with his family to the United States and settling in Toledo, Ohio. He had two siblings; William Craig, Jr. and Jane M. Craig. All three children were born in Scotland and immigrated to the United States (Toledo) with their parents; William Craig, Sr. and Jane (Montgomery) Craig.

Military service, Craig entered the United States Army during World War II and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of infantry. Lieutenant Craig served with the 15th Infantry of the Third Infantry Division.

On July 11, 1943, during his service leading troops in Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily, Craig set out to destroy an Italian Army machine gun nest that had halted the advance of his company, making his attempt following the wounding of three other officers who had tried to locate and silence that machine gun emplacement. Craig located the enemy position and snaked his way to a point within 35 yards of the gun before being discovered. Charging into the answering fire, Craig reached the machine gun and killed its three crewmen.

Shortly thereafter, as his company advanced further, Craig and his platoon, in a position devoid of cover and concealment on the forward (downhill) slope of a ridge, encountered the fire of approximately 100 enemy soldiers. Craig ordered his men to withdraw to the cover of the crest while he drew the enemy fire to himself, charging the enemy until he was within 25 yards of them. From a kneeling position, he killed five and wounded three enemy soldiers while providing the covering fire enabling his platoon to reach the cover of the crest. Lt. Craig was killed by enemy fire, but his men carried on. His example is credited with spurring them to victory.

During construction of the Interstate highway system, a drawbridge along Interstate 280 crossing the Maumee River at Toledo, Ohio was named the Craig Memorial Bridge in his honor.

Honored in ship namingThe U.S. Army ship USAT Lt. Robert Craig which operated in the Pacific Ocean at the end of World War II was named in his honor.
   
Comments/Citation

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to Second Lieutenant Robert Craig, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty, on 11 July 1943 at Favoratta, Sicily, while serving with Company L, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Second Lieutenant Craig voluntarily undertook the perilous task of locating and destroying a hidden enemy machinegun which had halted the advance of his company. Attempts by three other officers to locate the weapon had resulted in failure, with each officer receiving wounds. Second Lieutenant Craig located the gun and snaked his way to a point within 35 yards of the hostile position before being discovered. Charging headlong into the furious automatic fire, he reached the gun, stood over it, and killed the three crew members with his carbine. With this obstacle removed, his company continued its advance. Shortly thereafter while advancing down the forward slope of a ridge, Second Lieutenant Craig and his platoon, in a position devoid of cover and concealment, encountered the fire of approximately 100 enemy soldiers. Electing to sacrifice himself so that his platoon might carry on the battle, he ordered his men to withdraw to the cover of the crest while he drew the enemy fire to himself. With no hope of survival, he charged toward the enemy until he was within 25 yards of them. Assuming a kneeling position, he killed five and wounded three enemy soldiers. While the hostile force concentrated fire on him, his platoon reached the cover of the crest. Second Lieutenant Craig was killed by enemy fire, but his intrepid action so inspired his men that they drove the enemy from the area, inflicting heavy casualties on the hostile force.
General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 41, May 26, 1944

Action Date: 11-Jul-43

Service: Army

Rank: Second Lieutenant

Company: Company L

Regiment: 15th Infantry Regiment

Division: 3d Infantry Division
   
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