Reen, Frederick, MAJ

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Last Rank
Major (Infantry)
Last Service Branch
Field Artillery
Primary Unit
1864-1865, Civil War Military Units
Service Years
1861 - 1865

Field Artillery

Major (Infantry)

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Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Family Loomis (U.S. Army)-Family to remember Reen, Frederick (G.A.R. Civil War), MAJ.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Born: Liverpool Township, Perry County, PA
Last Address
Perry County, Pennsylvania

Date of Passing
Not Specified
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
Grand Army of the RepublicPennsylvania Department
  1866, Grand Army of the Republic
  1881, Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, Pennsylvania Department (Recorder) (Pennsylvania) - Chap. Page

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Frederick Augustus Reen
36th Regiment, Company B
Seventh Reserve, Perry County, PA

3d Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery
and 188th Regiment, Company B,
Pennsylvania Volunteers

Grand Army of the Republic

Frederick A. REEN, Born: May 13, 1839.  Pennsylvania Deutsch.

First enlistment: Served 3 years with the Pennsylvania 36th Regiment, Company B (Seventh Reserve), May 4, 1861.
Wounded at 2d Bull Run; discharged on Surgeon's Certificate, April 30, 1863 (As was his brother C.C. Reen).

Second enlistment: Private, February 20, 1864, 152d Regiment.
Promoted to 2d Lt., Company B, 188th Regiment P. V., March 31, 1864
Promoted to 1st Lt., July 22, 1864
At Fort Harrison, VA, Sept. 29, 1864, he was wounded (a second time)
Promoted to Captain, December 14, 1864
Commissioned Major, November 26, 1865
Mustered out with Company, December 14, 1865

He was well known in the Masonic fraternity. He was made a Mason Feb. 21, 1866, in Adams Lodge, No. 319, F. & A.M., of New Bloomfield, Pa., and on March 22, 1871, transferred his membership to Watsontown Lodge, No. 401, of which he became secretary in 1873, serving also in 1874; he was again elected to that office in 1904.

He was a member of Warrior Run Chapter, No. 264, R.A.M., and also served as secretary of that body. A member of the G.A.R. he belongs to Bryson Post No. 225, of Watsontown, and as a founding member he became its first commander Sept. 30, 1881.

Major Reen married Sarah E. Knight in 1866. They had no children.
Other Comments:
Three Years' Service - Thirty-sixth Regiment, Company B (Seventh Reserve)

The Thirty-Sixth Regiment of the Union Army included Company B of Perry Countians, as well as a considerable number in Companies Q and H. The regiment was organized in the early summer of '61, under command of Colonel Elisha B. Harvey, of Wilkes-Barre. It was mustered at Camp Wayne, near West Chester. The state uniformed and equipped it. Company B was mustered in on May 4th. It was assigned to duty in the Second Brigade, commanded by General Meade. This company, as a part of the Seventh Reserve Regiment, participated in a skirmish at Great Falls on the Potomac, and in engagements at Gains Mill, Charles City Crossroads, the Seven Days' Fight on the Peninsula, Groveton, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and the Wilderness. In the latter engagement, April 5, 1864, part of the regiment (272 officers and men) were taken prisoners and not released till the close of the war. They had become separated from supporting troops in the tangled wilderness. The private soldiers were sent to Andersonville prison, where sixty-seven died. The remnant of Company B was mustered out on June 16, 1864. The roll includes FREDERICK and his brother Christopher C. Reen of Liverpool Township, PA.

188th Pennsylvania Infantry
Regimental History
One Hundred and Eighty-eighth Infantry. -- Cols., George K. Bowen, John G. Gregg, Samuel I. Givin; Lieut. -Cols., George K. Bowen, Francis H. Reichard, John G. Gregg, Samuel I. Givin, James Geiser; Majs., Francis H. Reichard, John G. Gregg, James Geiser, Frederick A. Reen. This regiment was organized at Camp Hamilton, near Fortress Monroe, during the first two weeks of April, 1864, from the surplus recruits of the 3d artillery. Within a short time about 900 men were mustered into the U. S. service for a three years' term. Both Col. Bowen and Lieut.-Col Reichard and most of the line officers were promoted from the 3d artillery. More than 300 of the men had served in the reserve corps before entering the 3d artillery and many others had served in other organizations. On April 25 the regiment moved to Yorktown and was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 18th corps. On May 4, it moved by transport to Bermuda Hundred and suffered a loss of 2 killed at Proctor's creek a few days later. It lost 11 killed and 60 wounded at Drewry's bluff, or Fort Darling, and on June 1 joined the army of the Potomac at Cold Harbor, where it went into action immediately after getting into position on the right of the 6th corps. In the desperate fighting there the regiment lost 24 killed, and a large number wounded and missing. Capt. Moeller was among the killed, and Capt. Breel was mortally wounded. It shared in the first fighting before Petersburg, and remained for nearly two months on the right of the line, fronting Fort Clifton. During this time, by reason of its exposed position, it suffered a loss of 80 killed and wounded, while many more died of disease. On July 5, it was joined by Co. F, which had been on detached service at Drewry's bluff, and late in August it was moved to a position on the Bermuda Front, remaining there until the close of September. In the fierce assaults on Forts Harrison and Gilmer the regiment lost about 60 killed, and 100 wounded. Among the former was the gallant Capt. Dickson, who had led the regiment through the fiery ordeal. About this time, the regiment was assigned to 3d brigade, 3d division, 24th corps, and received about 400 new recruits. The command remained in winter quarters near Fort Harrison until the following April, the monotony of camp life being only once disturbed, when it participated in an expedition to Fredericksburg in March, 1865, and effected the destruction of vast amounts of stores and property collected for the use of the enemy. On April 3 it moved without opposition to Richmond and assisted in subduing the fires which were raging in the Confederate capital. Soon afterward it encamped at Manchester, across the river from Richmond. On June 28 the recruits of the 199th Pa. infantry were transferred to this regiment. It served by detachments on guard and provost duty at various points in Virginia until Dec. 14, 1865, when it was assembled at City Point, Va., and was there mustered out.
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Field Artillery

 Unit Assignments
Union ArmyU.S. Army
  1861-1863, 7th Reserves (36th Infantry) Pennsylvania Infantry
  1861-1863, Civil War Military Units
  1864-1865, 3rd Regiment Pennsylvania Artillery
  1864-1865, Civil War Military Units
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1861-1861 Bull Run Campaign (1861)/Battle of Blackburn's Ford July 18, 1861
  1861-1865 Civil War1
  1862-1862 Manassas Campaign (1862)/Second Battle of Bull Run 28 to 30 August 1862
  1862-1862 Battle of Fredericksburg 11 to 15 December 1862/Battle of Fredericksburg
  1864-1864 Petersburg Campaign (1864-65)/Battle of Chaffin's Farm/New Market Heights 29 to 30 September 1864
 Other News, Events and Photographs
  188th Pennsylvania Infantry, Major Reen.
  1910 Census (listed as alive, age 72)
  1880 Census
  1900 Census
  1st Commander of the GAR Post, Watsontown PA
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