Bartholdi, Cyril Sylvester, MAJ

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Last Rank
Last Service Branch
Last Primary MOS
1542-Infantry Unit Commander
Last MOS Group
Infantry (Officer)
Primary Unit
1950-1950, POW/MIA
Service Years
1940 - 1950



Six Overseas Service Bars

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sgt. S. Kimbrow to remember Bartholdi, Cyril Sylvester, MAJ.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
The Dalles
Last Address
Rock Springs, Wyoming (home of wife and sons)

Casualty Date
Sep 26, 1950
Hostile, Died while Captured
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Korea, South
Korean War
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
Korean War Fallen
  1950, Korean War Fallen

 Photo Album   (More...

 Ribbon Bar

Combat Infantryman 2nd Award

 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1940, 9th Company, 6th Battalion, 2nd Student Training Regiment (OCS) (Fort Benning, GA)
 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
ARNG, Oregon2nd Battalion, 87th Infantry 10th Mountain Division (LI)1st Battalion, 9th Infantry
1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry2nd Infantry DivisionPOW/MIA
  1940-1941, Oregon Military Department (ARNG)
  1942-1946, HHC, 2nd Battalion, 87th Infantry
  1944-1945, 10th Mountain Division (LI)
  1947-1950, 745, HHC, 1st Battalion, 9th Infantry
  1950-1950, 1542, HHC, 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry
  1950-1950, 1542, 2nd Infantry Division
  1950-1950, POW/MIA
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1945 World War II
  1943-1943 WWII - Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Aleutian Islands Campaign (1942-43)
  1943-1943 WWII - Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  1943-1943 Aleutian Islands Campaign (1942-43)/Landing of Kiska Island 15 to 16 Aug 1943
  1945-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/North Apennines Campaign (1944-45)
  1945-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
  1945-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Po Valley Campaign (1945)
  1945-1945 WWII - European Theater of Operations/Central Europe Campaign (1945)
  1945-1945 US Occupation of Germany (WWII)
  1950-1950 Korean War
  1950-1950 Korean War/UN Defensive (1950)
  1950-1950 Korean War/UN Offensive (1950)
 Colleges Attended 
Oregon State University
  1938-1939, Oregon State University
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Major Bartholdi, known as "Les",  served with the Oregon National Guard while he was at Oregon State.  He was called to active duty 19 September 1940.  

He served with Hq. Det., 2nd Battalion, 87th Mountain Infantry Regiment from 1941 - 1946, and was commissioned as a Captain on 25 August 1942. His unit participated in the Aleutian Campaign in the amphibious assault of Kiska.  Then it entered combat in Italy in January 1945 as part of the 10th Mountain Division.

In July 1947, he was commander of F Company, 9th Infantry Regiment.

In Korea, in July 1950, he was the commander of C Company, 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division.

He was taken prisoner near the Naktong River, Changnyong the night of 31 August-1 September 1950 when his unit was completely overrun by North Korean troops and most were killed.  One survivor from his unit, who was captured, managed to escape, stated that the captain was captured, tortured and later murdered by the Koreans along with approximately 43 other Americans in what became known as to as the Taejon Massacre.

He was later interred in St. Peters Catholic Cemetery, The Dalles, Oregon.

Major Bartholdi (then a captain) was a veteran of World War II. Bartholdi was the great-grandson of Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, the designer of the Statue of Liberty.

He reenlisted in 27 February 1946 as a Master Sergeant at Camp Grant, Rockford, Illinois.   (At this time in history, Camp Grant was a transition camp for returning soldiers).

According to the records, he had one year of college, and was married.  He left a wife, Dorothy, and two daughters at his passing. They lived in Rock Springs, Wyoming.

Notes/Links: (description of the battle ) records  Korean War Veterans Roll of Honor listing states he had been taken prisoner on 1 September and killed on 26 September 1950.

David Halberstam, "Only A Few Came Home," Parade Magazine, 7 November 2004.

David Halberstam, The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War, 2007, pp.258-260. (talks about the battle in which Capt. Bartholdi was captured). (Reprinted from Naval History magazine, July/August 1997, Capt. Diane Diekman, USN,  Corsairs from Heaven .) (obit for Dorothy)

Philip D. Chinnery, Korean Atrocity: Forgotten War Crimes 1950-1953, 2000, page 51 . Details the massacre and the names of the soldiers killed by the North Koreans, including Captain Bartholdi.
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