Gerow, Leonard Townsend, GEN

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1948-1950, Second Army, Fort Gillem, GA
Service Years
1911 - 1950

US

General



Ten Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Virginia
Virginia
Year of Birth
1888
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSG Trey W. Franklin to remember Gerow, Leonard Townsend, GEN USA(Ret).

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Contact Info
Home Town
Petersburg, VA
Last Address
Petersburg, VA

Date of Passing
Oct 12, 1972
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section 4, Lot 5634

 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord Belgian Fourragere Army Staff Identification US Army Retired (Pre-2007)

Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 French Fourragere Presidential Service Badge 29th Infantry Division

US Army Retired


 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Leonard Townsend Gerow (July 13, 1888 - October 12, 1972) was born in Petersburg, Virginia. The name Gerow is derived from the French name "Giraud". Gerow attended high school in Petersburg and then attended the Virginia Military Institute. He was three times elected class president. He graduated as recipient of the "Honor Appointment" which, at the time, permitted one man in each VMI graduating class to become a Regular Army second lieutenant without further examination. He was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the Army 29 September 1911.


Early Military Career


Prior to World War I, General Gerow served in a series of assignments as a company grade officer in the Infantry. In 1915 he won commendation for his work in the 1915 hurricane that struck Galveston, Texas. He served in Vera Cruz in the Mexican Campaign. He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 1 July 1916 and later to Captain on 15 May 1917.


From 16 January 1918 to 30 June 1920 and during World War 1 he served on the Signal Corps staff in France. He was colonel (temporary) in charge of purchasing all the radio equipment for the AEF. For his service he earned the Distinguished Service Medal and French Legion of Honor.


After returning to America, he was promoted to permanent rank of Major on 1 July 1920. He was ordered to attend the advanced course at the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, in the fall of 1924. He graduated first in the class in 1925 from the Advanced Course at Infantry school. Of note was Omar Bradley who graduated second. Gerow attended the U.S. Army Command and General Staff school, where Eisenhower was his study partner, and graduated in 1926, ranking 11th in the class of 245. In 1931 he completed the Field Officer's Course in Chemical Warfare and Tanks and took a course at Army War College.


General Gerow served in China in 1932 in the Shanghai sector. On 1 August 1935 he was promoted to the permanent rank of Lieutenant Colonel. On 1 September 1940 he became a Colonel in permanent grade and a month later, on 1 October 1940 became a temporary Brigadier General.


World War II


Some historians report that Gerow was one of several high ranking military officers and members of the President's staff, including the President, who received several messages warning them of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Gerow has been accused of failing to warn the Commanding General of the Hawaiian Department and in failing to implement joint Army and Navy agreements to insure proper function.


He was promoted to Major General on 14 February 1942 and became Commanding General of 29th Infantry Division 16 February 1942. He received the Legion of Merit on 27 September 1943 for his work as a Division Commander and as Assistant Chief of Staff of the War Plans Division. He continued as commander of the division until 17 July 1943.





 

Gerow (seated, rightmost) with other American military officials, 1945.



He became commander of V Corps on 17 July 1943. This was the largest unit of troops in the European Theater of Operations. He played a major part in the planning of the invasion of continental Europe. He was the first corps commander ashore on D-Day assault on Normandy on June 6, 1944. The V Corps comprises two infantry divisions: the U.S. 29th Infantry Division and the U.S. 1st Infantry Division. His tenure as commander of V Corps was from 17 July 1943 to 17 September 1944 and again 5 October 1944 to 14 January 1945. General Gerow kept close to his advancing troops in V Corps. He was the first American officer of the rank of Major General to enter Paris after its liberation by the 2nd French Armored and U.S. 4th Infantry. For his part in this campaign he was awarded the Silver Star.


Both Eisenhower and Bradley held Gerow in high regard and ranked him as one of the top U.S. field commanders of World War II. In a February 1945 memo Dwight D. Eisenhower listed the principal American commanders in order of merit based on the value of their service during the war. Gerow was listed 8th of 32. In a letter to George Marshall on April 26, 1945, regarding commanders who might go on to serve in the Pacific, General Eisenhower commended General Omar Bradley most highly and then said: "In Europe there are other men who have been thoroughly tested as high combat commanders, including Simpson, Patch, Patton, Gerow, Collins, Truscott and others. Any one of these can successfully lead an Army in combat in the toughest kind of conditions."


Gerow was given command of U.S. Fifteenth Army 15 January 1945. He was promoted to Lieutenant General on 6 February 1945, with the promotion being effective 1 January 1945.


Post WWII Career


After the war Lt. Gen. Gerow was appointed commandant of the Army’s Command and General Staff School. Gerow was placed in charge of a board which studied and proposed how Army colleges ought to be organized, post war. In February 1946 the Gerow Board recommended five separate colleges.


In January 1948 he was appointed Commanding General, U.S. Second Army. This was his last post; he retired July, 1950.


Gerow was appointed general on July 19, 1954 by special Act of Congress (Public Law 83-508).


General Gerow's brother, Lee S. Gerow graduated from VMI in 1913 and rose to the rank of Brigadier General.


   
Other Comments:
Foreign Decorations:
British Companion Order of the Bath
Russian Order of Suvorov- 2d Class
French Legion of Honor - Commander
French Croix de Guerre with Palm
Order of the Crown of Luxembourg
Belgian Order of Leopold II, Grand Officer, with Palm
Belgian Croix de Guerre with Palm
Chilean Military Merit 1st Class
Peruvian Order of the Ayacucho- Grand Official
Brazil Order of Military Merit- Grand Official
Brazil Order of Aeronautical Merit-Grand Official
   
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 Ribbon Bar


 
 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1907, (Select in Colleges) (ROTC), A
 Unit Assignments
U.S. ArmyCommand and General Staff College (CGSC) Resident CourseArmy War College (Staff)1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment
29th Infantry DivisionV Corps15th ArmySecond Army, Fort Gillem, GA
  1918-1920, American Expeditionary Force
  1926-1926, Command and General Staff College (CGSC) Resident Course
  1930-1931, Army War College (Staff)
  1932-1935, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment
  1942-1943, 29th Infantry Division
  1943-1945, V Corps
  1945-1946, 15th Army
  1946-1948, Command and General Staff College (CGSC) Resident Course
  1948-1950, Second Army, Fort Gillem, GA
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1915-1917 Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)
  1918-1918 Meuse-Argonne Campaign/Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Phase 1
  1944-1944 Operation Overlord/D-Day Beach Landings - Operation Neptune
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Northern France Campaign (1944)
  1944-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)
  1945-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Central Europe Campaign (1945)
  1945-1945 Central Europe Campaign (1945)/Victory in Europe Day (VE Day - 8May45)
 Colleges Attended 
Virginia Military Institute
  1907-1911, Virginia Military Institute
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