Campbell, Douglas, 1LT

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
First Lieutenant
Last Service Branch
Aviation
Last Primary MOS
AAF MOS 1056-Pilot, Single-Engine Fighter
Last MOS Group
Aviation (Officer)
Primary Unit
1918-1918, 27th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group
Service Years
1917 - 1919

Aviation

First Lieutenant



Two Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

74 kb

Home State
California
California
Year of Birth
1896
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SP 4 Steven Ryan (LoneWolf) to remember Campbell, Douglas (DSC w/4 OLC), 1LT.

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Contact Info
Home Town
San Francisco
Last Address
San Francisco

Date of Passing
Dec 16, 1990
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Wound Chevron (1917-1932) French Fourragere


 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Legion Of ValorAir Force Association (AFA)
  1919, Legion Of Valor [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1947, Air Force Association (AFA) [Verified] - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity





CAMPBELL, DOUGLAS
(First Award)
First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army
Pilot, 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service, A.E.F.
Date of Action: May 19, 1918
Citation:
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Douglas Campbell, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action on May 19, 1918. First Lieutenant Campbell attacked an enemy biplane at an altitude of 4, 500 meters, east of Flirey, France. He rushed to the attack, but after shooting a few rounds his gun jammed. Undeterred by this accident he maneuvered so as to protect himself, corrected the jam in midair, and returned to the assault. After a short, violent action, the enemy plane took fire and crashed to the earth.

Other Award: Five Total Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI) 

CAMPBELL, DOUGLAS
(Second Award)
First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army
Pilot, 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service, A.E.F.
Date of Action: June 5, 1918
Citation:
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Douglas Campbell, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action on June 5, 1918. Accompanied by another pilot,  Lieutenant Campbell attacked two enemy battle planes at an altitude of 5, 700 meters over Epley, France. After a spirited combat he was shot through the back by a machine-gun bullet, but in spite of his injury he kept on fighting until he had forced one of the enemy planes to the ground, where it was destroyed by artillery fire, and had driven the other plane back into its own territory.


CAMPBELL, DOUGLAS
(Third Award)
First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army
Pilot, 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service, A.E.F.
Date of Action: May 31, 1918
Citation:
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Douglas Campbell, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action on May 31, 1918.  Lieutenant Campbell took the offensive against two German planes at an altitude of 2, 500 meters over Lironville, France, shot down one of them, and pursued the other far behind the German lines.

 

   
Other Comments:





CAMPBELL, DOUGLAS
(Fourth Award)
First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army
Pilot, 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service, A.E.F.
Date of Action: May 28, 1918
Citation:
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Douglas Campbell, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action on May 28, 1918.  Lieutenant Campbell saw six German Albatross aeroplanes flying toward him at an altitude of 2, 000 meters, near Bois Rata, France. Regardless of personal danger, he immediately attacked, and by skillful maneuvering and accurate operation of his machine gun he brought one plane down in flames and drove the other five back into their own lines.

CAMPBELL, DOUGLAS
(Fifth Award)
First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army
Pilot, 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service, A.E.F.
Date of Action: May 27, 1918
Citation:
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Douglas Campbell, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action on May 27, 1918.  Lieutenant Campbell encountered three enemy monoplanes at an altitude of 3, 000 meters over Montsec, France. Despite the superior strength of the enemy, he promptly attacked, and fighting a brilliant battle, shot down one German machine, which fell in three pieces, and drove the other two well within the enemy lines.

  • He was the first American aviator flying in an American unit to achieve the status of ace.
    Although Campbell's official victory count stands at six, Eddie Rickenbacker in his autobiography Fighting the Flying Circus credited his fellow ace with downing at least seven aircraft during the war. He also concluded that had he remained healthy, Campbell could have surpassed him and become America's leading ace of the war.

     

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     Ribbon Bar

    Aviator Badge (Senior)

     
     Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
      1917, Basic Training Waived (ARNG Pre WWII), A
     Unit Assignments
    Army Air Corps94th Aero Squadron27th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group
      1917-1919, Army Air Corps
      1917-1919, 94th Aero Squadron
      1918-1918, 27th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group
     Combat and Non-Combat Operations
      1917-1918 World War I
      1918-1918 Meuse-Argonne Campaign/Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Phase 1
      1918-1918 Aisne Campaign/The Battle of Cantigny
     Colleges Attended 
    Harvard University
      1917-1917, Harvard University
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