Church, John Huston, MG

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Major General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00GC-Commanding General
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1950-1951, 24th Infantry Division
Service Years
1917 - 1952

US

Major General



Ten Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Year of Birth
1892
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Church, John Huston, MG USA(Ret).
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Glen Iron, PA
Last Address
Glen Iron, PA

Date of Passing
Nov 03, 1953
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Infantry Shoulder Cord US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 French Fourragere




 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

John Church was born in the town of Glen Iron, Pennsylvania, on June 28, 1892. From 1915 until 1917, he was a student at New York University. When the United States entered the First World War, Church joined the army and was given the commissioned rank of second lieutenant. He fought valiantly and was wounded twice. After the war, Church decided to stay in the army. He instructed National Guard members and served in the Philippine Islands. When World War II broke out, Church, by then a brigadier general, became the assistant division commander of the 45th Infantry Division and later was given the same job in the 84th Infantry Division. He went back to the 45th in 1942 with the position of chief of staff. He helped lead the division from 1943-1944 in Sicily, southern Italy, Anzio, and Operation Dragoon, the invasion of southern France.



In September, 1944, he was sent back to the 84th Infantry Division to be the assistant commander. His division, along with several others, led the way to the Elbe River towards the end of the war. A year after the war ended, Brigadier General Church became the commander of the Infantry Replacement Training Center at Fort McClellan, Alabama. He was given the same post at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, where he was soon given command of the 5th Infantry Division. From 1948 until 1949 Church served as the Deputy Chief of Army Field Forces in Fort Monroe, Virginia. In 1950, Church was serving in General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.



 



The Korean War



When the communist North Korean Army invaded South Korea, MacArthur sent Church to lead a survey team that decided that only American troops could stop the North Koreans. The 24th Infantry Division was sent over from Japan. A reinforced company of the division, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Brad Smith, was sent to Osan to try to halt the North Koreans. Church told Smith that all that was needed were American troops who didn't fear tanks. Task Force Smith was without tank support and had faulty communications. The first time it met in combat with the North Koreans it was promptly overrun. Major General William F. Dean gathered his troops in the city of Taejon and formed a strong defense. After a stubborn fight, the American troops retreated. Dean was captured. On July 22, Brigadier General Church was given command of the division.



The division was given a two-day period to rest, but then General Walton Walker, the commander of the U.S. Eighth Army, decided that he needed the 24th to guard his left flank. The North Korean 6th Division inflicted more losses on Church's men and gradually pushed the 24th back. Finally, Church was able to regroup his men, and they fought bravely, especially with the help of a Marine brigade, and eventually turning the tables on the Communist division that was fighting them. Church commanded the 24th Division until early 1951, when he became commandant of the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia. On November 3, 1953, Major General John Huston Church passed away in Washington, D.C.


   
Other Comments:

Attended New York University 1915-1917. Commissioned in the Infantry in 1917. Served with the 28th Infantry, American Expeditionary Force at Cantigny, Montdidier-Noyon, Aisne-Marne and Muese-Argonne in 1918.
 

Aide-de-camp to Brigadier General F.C. Marshall in 1920. Instructor with the Maryland National Guard 1922-1926 and again 1929-1933. Duty in the Philippine Islands 1933-1936. Graduated from Command and General Staff School in 1937. Instructor with the Arizona National Guard 1938-1940.
 

Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations, then Chief of Staff at 45th Division October 1940-September 1943. Commanding Officer of 157th Infantry 1943-1944. Assistant Division Commander of 45th Infantry Division, then 84th Infantry Division August 1944-January 1946. Brigadier General in August 1944.
 

Assignments after the war included Commanding General of 24th Infantry Division in the Korean War in 1950 and Commanding General of the Infantry Center, Fort Benning 1951-1952. Retired in June 1952. Decorations included the Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star, Legion of Merit and three Purple Hearts.
 

Died on November 4, 1953.



CHURCH, JOHN H.
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army
28th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, A.E.F.
Date of Action: May 28 - 31, 1918
General Orders No. 99, W.D., 1918

Citation:
 

The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to John H. Church, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action at Cantigny, France, May 28 - 31, 1918.
 

Knocked down and rendered unconscious by the explosion of a shell early in the attack, Second Lieutenant Church staggered forward as soon as he regained consciousness and insisted upon resuming command, thereby giving a striking example of fortitude to his men. 

   
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Combat Infantryman 1st Award

 
 Unit Assignments
2nd Infantry Brigade/28th Infantry BattalionPhilippine DepartmentCommand and General Staff College (CGSC) Resident Course45th Infantry Division
84th Infantry DivisionArmy Garrison, Fort McClellan, AL5th Infantry DivisionArmy Garrisons
US Far East Command24th Infantry Division
  1917-1919, 2nd Infantry Brigade/28th Infantry Battalion
  1933-1936, Philippine Department
  1937-1937, Command and General Staff College (CGSC) Resident Course
  1940-1943, 45th Infantry Division
  1944-1946, 84th Infantry Division
  1946-1947, Army Garrison, Fort McClellan, AL
  1947-1948, 5th Infantry Division
  1948-1949, Army Garrison, Fort Monroe, VA
  1950-1950, US Far East Command/General Headquarters (GHQ FEC)
  1950-1951, 24th Infantry Division
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1918-1918 Aisne Campaign/The Battle of Cantigny
  1918-1918 Meuse-Argonne Campaign/Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Phase 1
  1943-1943 Sicily Campaign (1943)/Operation Husky
  1943-1943 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Sicily Campaign (1943)
  1943-1943 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Sicily Campaign (1943)
  1943-1943 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Naples-Foggia Campaign (1943-44)
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Anzio Campaign (1944)
  1944-1944 Southern France Campaign (1944)/Operation Dragoon
  1944-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)
  1950-1950 Korean War/UN Defensive (1950)/Battle of Osan
  1950-1950 Korean War/UN Defensive (1950)/Battle of Osan
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