Thurmond, Strom, MG

Deceased
 
 Photo In Uniform   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major General
Last Service Branch
US
Last Primary MOS
00G1-Army General Officer (G1)
Last MOS Group
General Officer
Primary Unit
1946-1960, US Army Reserve Command (USARC)
Service Years
1924 - 1960

US


Ranger
Major General



Four Overseas Service Bars


 Last Photo   Personal Details 

28 kb

Home State
South Carolina
South Carolina
Year of Birth
1902
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSG Trey W. Franklin to remember Thurmond, Strom, MG USA(Ret).

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Contact Info
Home Town
Edgefield
Last Address
Edgefield

Date of Passing
Jun 26, 2003
 
Location of Interment
Edgefield Village Cemetery - Edgefield, South Carolina
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Belgian Fourragere Infantry Shoulder Cord US Army Retired (Pre-2007) Honorably Discharged WW II

Meritorious Unit Commendation 1944-1961 French Fourragere


 Unofficial Badges 

Ranger Hall Of Fame


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Slide2.jpg picture by franky2x

RANGER HALL OF FAME

Senator Strom Thurmond predated the advent of the United States Army Ranger Course. On December 11, 1941, the day the United States declared war on Germany, Senator Thurmond took a leave of absence from the Judicial Bench to join the United States Army. Having been in the Reserves since 1924, he was commissioned a Lieutenant with the First Army's Eighty-second Airborne Division. On D-Day in 1944, his troop glider crash-landed behind enemy lines in France. Sustaining minor injuries, he and the other men fought for two days in isolation before they succeeded in linking up with American Forces advancing from their beachhead in Normandy. This type of mission demonstrates a classic Ranger-style operation which included infiltration of an enemy held area, and disruption of enemy lines of communication and his order of battle. Senator Thurmond later served in the Pacific. By the time he was discharged, he held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He retired from the United States Army Reserve as a Major General in 1960. In his later public service, Senator Thurmond advocated a strong National Defense including the full participation of the United States Army Reserve. He strongly supported the establishment and maintenance of an extraordinary fighting force, one that is capable of operating in all types of terrain, weather conditions, and without regard for the potential enemy hampering of the operational considerations. The idea that would later be embodied as the United States Army Rangers.Slide11.jpg thurmondeu picture by franky2x

RANGERS LEAD THE WAY!!!
 

(Already a member of the US Army reserves, Strom Thurmond gave up his entitlement as a judge to draft deferment after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. He immediately joined the army, was employed as a captain and assigned to the 713th Military Police Battalion attached to First Army headquarters.

In 1943 Thurmond was attached to the 82nd Airborne in a civil affairs role and trained with them as glider infantry when the division moved to England. He was part of Mission Elmira, a reinforcement to the initial D-day airborne landings, when he landed by glider near St Maire Eglise later in the day of June 6. At 41, he is thought to have been the oldest person to land with the 82nd on D-Day.)

Early life and career

James Strom Thurmond was born on December 5, 1902, in Edgefield, South Carolina, the son of John William Thurmond (May 1, 1862 - June 17, 1934) and Eleanor Gertrude Strom (July 18, 1870 - January 10, 1958). He attended Clemson Agricultural College of South Carolina (now Clemson University), where he was a member of ΠΚΑ, graduating in 1923 with a degree in horticulture. 

He was a farmer, teacher and athletic coach until 1929, when he became Edgefield County's superintendent of education, serving until 1933. Thurmond studied law with his father and was admitted to the South Carolina Bar in 1930. He served as the Edgefield Town and County attorney from 1930 to 1938, and joined the United States Army Reserve in 1924. In 1933 Thurmond was elected to the South Carolina Senate and represented Edgefield until he was elected to the Eleventh Circuit judgeship.

After the outbreak of World War II, Judge Thurmond resigned from the bench to serve in the U.S. Army, rising to Lieutenant Colonel. In the Battle of Normandy (June 6–August 25, 1944), he crash-landed his glider with the 82nd Airborne Division. For his military service, he received 18 decorations, medals and awards, including the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, Bronze Star with Valor device, Purple Heart, World War II Victory Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, Belgium's Order of the Crown and France's Croix de Guerre. During 1954-55 he was president of the Reserve Officers Association. He later retired from the U.S. Army Reserves with the rank of Major General.

 

  • Governor of South Carolina (1947–1951)
  • States' Rights Democratic presidential candidate (1948)
  • Eight-term Senator from South Carolina (December 1954–April 1956 and November 1956–January 2003)
    • Democrat (1954–April 1956 and November 1956–September 1964)
    • Republican (September 1964–January 2003)
    • President pro tempore (1981–1987; 1995–January 3, 2001; January 20, 2001–June 6, 2001)
    • Set record for the longest Congressional filibuster (1957)
    • Set record for oldest serving member at 94 years (1997)
    • Set the then-record for longest cumulative tenure in the Senate at 43 years (1997), increasing to 47 years, 6 months at his retirement in January 2003, surpassed by Robert Byrd in July 2006
    • Became the only senator ever to serve at the age of 100 
   
Other Comments:
Not Specified
   
 Photo Album   (More...


 Ribbon Bar

Combat Infantryman 1st Award
Airborne Glider BadgeParachutist (Basic)

 
 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1919, (Select in Colleges) (ROTC), A
 Unit Assignments
US Army Reserve Command (USARC)First Army (1st Army)82nd Airborne DivisionUS Army Pacific (USARPAC)
  1924-1942, US Army Reserve Command (USARC)
  1943-1944, First Army (1st Army)
  1944-1945, 82nd Airborne Division/HHC
  1945-1946, US Army Pacific (USARPAC)
  1946-1960, US Army Reserve Command (USARC)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1944 Operation Overlord/D-Day Beach Landings - Operation Neptune
  1944-1944 Northern France Campaign (1944)/Operation Cobra
  1944-1944 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Northern France Campaign (1944)
  1944-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Rhineland Campaign (1944-45)
  1945-1945 WWII - European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Central Europe Campaign (1945)
  1945-1945 WWII - Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Surrender of Japan
 Colleges Attended 
Clemson University
  1919-1923, Clemson University
 Military Association Memberships
Reserve Officers Association (ROA)Famous People Who Served
  1954, Reserve Officers Association (ROA) [Verified]
  2015, Famous People Who Served [Verified] - Assoc. Page
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