Patch
Unit Details

Strength
Division
 
Type
Armored Unit
 
Year
1942 - Present
 

Description
The 1st Armored Division is the oldest and most prestigious armored division in the United States Army. From its desert tank battles against Field Marshall Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps, beach landing at Anzio to the end of the war in the Italian Alps. Maintaining a forward presence in the cold war in Germany, its stunning victories in the Persian Gulf War  to the Global War on terrorism in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.  In peace or war, the "Old Ironsides" Division has amassed a proud record of service to America. The current home of the Division is at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Unit Motto:

The unit motto is"Iron Soldier." This is used in greeting a senior NCO or Officer of the Division.

Unit Insignia:  The division was nicknamed "Old Ironsides", by its first commander, Major General Bruce R. Magruder, after he saw a picture of the frigate USS Constitution, which is also nicknamed "Old Ironsides". The large "1" at the top represents the numerical designation of the division, and the insignia is used as a basis for most other sub-unit insignias. The cannon represents fire power, the track represents mobility, and the lighting bolt represents speed and shock force.
The three colors, red, yellow, and blue represent the Artillery, Cavalry, and Infantry Branches respectively, which are the colors of the three original combat arms which, when forged into one, created the field of Armor. This "pyramid of power" was devised by the order of then-Lieutenant Col. George S. Patton, Jr. in Bourg, France in early 1918 during Patton's formation and training of the Tank Corps in support of the American Expeditionary Force under General John J. Pershing.

Notable Persons:
 
Commander: MG Orlando Ward He left that post (and was promoted major general) to become the second commander of the U.S. Army's 1st Armored Division. He supervised the deployment of his division across the Atlantic to North Africa, which was brought piecemeal (with a layover in Northern Ireland) as part of Operation Torch and subsequent operations. The failure of 1st Armored to arrive intact and deploy as a single entity would have important consequences in later action against German forces in Tunisia.
                         

Commander: MG Ernest N. Harmon Major-General Harmon had been in Thala on the Algerian border, witnessing the stubborn resistance of the British Nickforce, which held the vital road leading into the Kasserine Pass against the heavy pressure of the German 10th Panzer Division, which was under Rommel's direct command.When the U.S. 9th Infantry Division's attached artillery arrived in Thala after a four-day, 800-mile march, it seemed like a godsend to Harmon. The 9th's artillery did stay, and with its 48 guns raining a whole year's worth of a (peacetime) allotment of shells, stopped the advancing Germans in their tracks. Unable to retreat under the withering fire, the Afrika Corps finally withdrew after dark. With the defeat at Thala, Rommel decided to end his offensive. 


 
Commander: MG Martin E. Dempsey In June 2003, then Brigadier General Dempsey assumed command of 1st Armored Division. Dempsey's command of the 1st Armored Division lasted until July 2005 and included 13 months in Iraq, from June 2003 to July 2004. While in Iraq, 1st Armored Division, in addition to its own brigades, had operational command over the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment, numerous Army National Guard units and a brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division; the command, called "Task Force Iron" in recognition of the Division's nickname, "Old Ironsides", was the largest division-level command in the history of the United States Army.

It was during this time that the U.S. intervention in Iraq changed dramatically as Fallujah fell to Sunni extremists and supporters of Muqtada al-Sadr built their strength and rose up against American forces. Then Major General Dempsey and his command assumed responsibility for the Area of Operations in Baghdad as the insurgency incubated, grew, and exploded. General Dempsey has been described by Thomas Ricks in his book "Fiasco": "In the capital itself, the 1st Armored Division, after Sanchez assumed control of V Corps, was led by Gen. Martin Dempsey, was generally seen as handling a difficult (and inherited) job well, under the global spotlight of Baghdad." General Dempsey is now serving as the current Joint Chiefs of Staff.

 
MOH Recipient: Pvt Nicholas Minue Nicholas Minue received the Medal of Honor for military service on behalf of the United States of America in World War II. He received this recognition for charging a group of German soldiers that had a machine-gun position near Medjez El Bab, Tunisia. He died during the charge.
                                       
MOH Recipient: 2LT Thomas Fowler Thomas Weldon Fowler was a former student of the Texas A&M University, a United States Army officer, and a recipient of America's highest military decoration "the Medal of Honor" for his actions leading a combined armor-infantry attack near Carano in the Anzio Beachhead Italy in World War II.
 
Silver Star Recipient: T5 Henry Guarnere Henry J. Guarnere, an Army Medic, the brother of the famous Sgt William "Wild Bill" Guarnere of Easy Company, 506th P.I.R., 101st Airborne Division, and a recipient of America's third highest military decoration - the Silver Star. As Army Medical Aidman, he rescued a Soldier during heavy counter battery fire in a gun section that was seriously wounded and unable to reach shelter in Tunisia, Africa during World War II. Tech 5 Henry Guarnere was killed in action on 6th January, 1944 while serving with the 47th Armored Medical Battalion in Northern Italy.


 
 
 
Silver Star Recipient: 2LT John P Souther awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with the 1st Armored Division during World War II. He called in division artillery on an exposed position of 500 Germans while under direct fire after his vehicle was knocked out by a German 88mm gun. His actions resulted all of the enemy being killed. He later retired as a LTC in the US Army Reserves and was the President of the 1st Armored Division Association in 1990. He wrote several books on his wartime experiences. He passed away in 2006 in Georgia.


 
 
Distinguished Service Cross Recipient: General John Knight Waters , LTC Waters was the son in law of the famous General Patton of II Corps at the time he was taken as a prisoner of war in Tunisia during the battle of of Sidi Bouzid, Feb 1943. He was the commander of the 1st Armored Regiment (light), 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division. 26 March,1945, General Patton set up the controversial Task Force Baum to break him out. The mission was a complete failure. He was later released two weeks later in April 1945 by units of the 14th Armored Division. LTC Waters later retired as a four star general, who served as commander, U.S. Army, Pacific from 1964 to 1966.


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Unit Documents
 Battle for Kasserine Pass: 1st Armored Division Were Ambushed by the Afrika Corps at Sidi Bou Zid


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1858 Members Who Served in This Unit


 

  • Aubry, Bruce, SGT, (1999-2008)
  • Audas, Kevin, SP 4, (1975-1978)
  • Aufiero, Steven, SPC, (1987-1993)
  • Auld, Eddie, SP 5, (1968-1971)
  • Auspelmyer, Jeff, SGT, (1983-1991)
  • Austin, Tommy, (1984-Present)
  • Auzenne, Isaac, SFC, (1988-Present)
  • Averill, Keith, SP 4, (1968-1970)
  • Avery, Brice, SFC, (2000-Present)
  • Aviles, Clarence, SPC, (1990-1999)
  • Avis, Mark, SGT, (1971-2004)
  • Ayson, Keith, SPC, (2003-2007)
  • Back, David, 1SG, (1976-2000)
  • Bacon, Aaron, SGT, (2001-2007)
  • Baggenstoss, Vernon, SFC, (1980-1996)
  • [Name Withheld], (1775-2018)
  • Bailey, James, SGT, (1999-2009)
  • Bailey, Randy, SGT, (1968-1971)
  • Bailey, Ronald, PFC, (1985-1989)
  • Baker, Bill, SSG, (1982-2002)
  • Baker, Brion, SSG, (2002-Present)
  • Baker, Dale, SP 4, (1980-1983)
  • Baker, James, SFC, (1979-2002)
  • Baker, Robert, COL, (1966-1993)
  • Balcavage, Robert, COL, (1983-2017)
  • Ballard, Jonathon, 1SG, (1990-Present)
  • Ballinger, Jim, SP 4, (1980-1985)
  • Bangcaya, Mark, SSG, (2003-Present)
  • Bangle, Bob, SFC, (1976-2003)
  • Banister, Kerry, PFC, (1981-1983)
  • Barber, Antoine, SSG, (2001-Present)
  • Barber, James, SSG, (1961-1970)
  • Barboza, Bryan, SPC, (1985-1991)
  • Barefoot, Anthony, SP 4, (2003-2008)
  • Barela, Ernest, WO1, (1999-2009)
  • Barker, William, SP 4, (1980-1983)
  • BARLOW, KEVIN, SFC, (1987-Present)
  • Barron, Allen, 1LT, (1994-2008)
  • Barron, Russell, MSG, (1973-2006)
  • Barton, Reuben, SFC, (1999-Present)
  • Bassett, Ken, SP 4, (1968-1970)
  • Battle, Brodwrick, SFC, (1988-2009)
  • Baxter, Paqueshia, SSG, (1997-Present)
  • Baxter, Robert, SP 4, (1963-1965)
  • Beach, Jack, SGT, (1985-1992)
 
If you served in this unit, reconnect with your service friends today!
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Unit Citations - Display as Table
 
Associated Patches
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Associations
 
Unit History
 
Battle/Operations History
 
Unit News and Information
Test News (Apr 04, 2014) 
This is a test of photo attachment by Admin.
 
Unit Timeline
1st Brigade Deploys to Iraq
The division's 1st Brigade Combat Team ("Ready First") under the command of Colonel Sean B. MacFarland deployed again to Iraq in January 2006 after months of intensive training in Grafenw&ou ... More
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2014
1st CAB deploys to Afghanistan
The 1-501st Attack Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Armored Division Combat Aviation Brigade (CAB), deployed to Afghanistan in February 2013 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. The unit will redepl ... More
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2013
The Division supports exercise Eagle Light in Jordan
In October 2012, more than 70 1AD Soldiers deployed to Jordan to conduct Exercise Eager Light, a 30-day command post exercise that focuses on brigade-level warfighting tactics and procedures. This ex ... More
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2012
4th BCT deploys to Afghanistan
4/1 AD returned from its Advise and Assist mission in Iraq in November 2012. The brigade received orders to deploy to Afghanistan as a series of Security Forces Assistance Advisory Teams (SFAAT) in su ... More
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2012
1st BCT deploys to Afghanistan
1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division, the "Ready First" Combat Team, lead by brigade commander Colonel Kenneth P. Adgie and Command Sergeant Major Russell K. Reimers, deployed to Kandahar, Afgh ... More
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2012
Meritorious Unit Commendation
Criteria
The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
Description
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for Operation IRAQI FREEDOM 10-11/ Operation NEW DAWN
2011
The Division relocates to Fort Bliss, Texas.
The division's colors were officially moved from Germany to Fort Bliss beginning on 13 May 2011
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2011
4th BCT deploys to Iraq
In July 2011, the 4/1 AD Highlanders deployed to Iraq in support of Operation New Dawn. The brigade deployed under the command of Colonel Scott McKean, who currently serves as the 1AD Deputy Commandin ... More
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2011
3rd BCT deploys to Afghanistan
The 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, Task Force (TF) 3-1 Armored Division (AD), deployed from Fort Bliss to eastern Afghanistan from 16 October 2011 to 15 July 2012. The brigade conducte ... More
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2011
Iraq Campaign Medal
Criteria
The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq and the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land area of Iraq and above the contiguous ... More
Description
Iraqi Sovereignty 1 January 2009 ? 31 August 2010 Operation Iraqi Freedom; Dec 2009 ? Dec 2010 (Baghdad, Al Anbar)
2010
Iraq Campaign Medal
Criteria
The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq and the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land area of Iraq and above the contiguous ... More
Description
New Dawn 1 September 2010 ? 31 December 2011 Operation Iraqi Freedom; Dec 2009 ? Dec 2010 (Baghdad, Al Anbar)
2010
OIF/Iraqi Sovereignty (2009-10)
During 2008 and 2009, all non-U.S. foreign forces withdrew from Iraq. Withdrawal of all non-U.S. forces was complete by 31 July 2009. As of 1 January 2009, the Iraqi government became fully responsibl ... More
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2009 - 2010
Meritorious Unit Commendation
Criteria
The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
Description
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for Operation IRAQI FREEDOM 07-09
2009
The Division deploys with 1st HBCT to Iraq
On 14 July 2009 the Department of Defense announced that Headquarters 1st Armored Division and the 1st HBCT would return to Iraq in late 2009 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. From December 2009 ... More
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2009
4th BCT deploys to Iraq
In March 2008, the First Cavalry Division's Fourth Brigade Combat team reflagged as the 4/1 AD on Fort Bliss. In April 2009, the brigade deployed to the southern Iraqi provinces of Dhi Qar, Maysan, an ... More
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2008
2nd BCT deploys to Iraq
In April 2008 the 2nd BCT out of Baumholder, Germany deployed to the Mada'in Qada region of Southeast Baghdad. The Brigade, commanded by Colonel Pat White, replaced the Third Brigade of the Third Infa ... More
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2008
OIF/Iraqi Surge (2007-08)
In the context of the Iraq War, the surge refers to United States President George W. Bush's 2007 increase in the number of American troops in order to provide security to Baghdad and Al Anbar Provinc ... More
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2007 - 2008
Iraq Campaign Medal
Criteria
The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq and the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land area of Iraq and above the contiguous ... More
Description
Iraqi Surge 10 January 2007 -31 December 2008 Operation Iraqi Freedom; Oct 2007 ? Dec 2008 (Tikrit)
2007
The Division Headquarters deploys to Iraq
In September 2007, in the midst of a national debate about troop levels in Iraq and, more broadly, about the US strategy in Iraq, the 1st Armored Division Headquarters deployed again to Iraq. General ... More
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2007
1st BCT deploys to Iraq
The division's 1st Brigade Combat Team ("Ready First") under the command of Colonel Sean B. MacFarland deployed again to Iraq in January 2006 after months of intensive training in Grafenw&ou ... More
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2006
2nd BCT deploys to Kuwait and Iraq
2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, led by Col. Robert Scurlock, Jr. and Command Sgt. Maj. Jose Santos, deployed in early November 2005 from Baumholder, Germany in support of Operation Iraq ... More
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2005
OIF/Iraqi Governance (2004-05)
In June 2004, under the auspices of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1546 the Coalition transferred limited sovereignty to a caretaker government, whose first act was to begin the trial of S ... More
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2004 - 2005
Iraq Campaign Medal
Criteria
The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq and the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land area of Iraq and above the contiguous ... More
Description
Iraqi Governance 29 June 2004 - 15 December 2005 May 2003 ? July 2004 (Baghdad,Najaf,Karbala)
2004
OIF/Transition of Iraq (2003-04)
Upon assuming the post of chief executive of the CPA in May 2003, L. Paul Bremer also assumed the title of U.S. Presidential Envoy and Administrator in Iraq. He was frequently called Ambassador by num ... More
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2003 - 2004
Army Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Description
Presidential Unit Citation For Operation Iraqi Freedom I
2003
Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Criteria
The Joint Meritorious Unit Award is presented in the name of the Secretary of Defense to Joint Activities of the Department of Defense for meritorious achievement or service, superior to that which is ... More
Description
Joint Meritorious Unit Award For Operation Iraqi Freedom I
2003
Valorous Unit Award
Criteria
The Valorous Unit Award may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States; while engaged in military oper ... More
Description
Valorous Unit Award For Operation Iraqi Freedom I
2003
National Defense Service Medal (2001-Present))
Criteria
The National Defense Service Medal is awarded for honorable active service as a member of the Armed Forces during the Korean War, Vietnam War, the war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf, and for service ... More
2003
Iraq Campaign Medal
Criteria
The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq and the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land area of Iraq and above the contiguous ... More
Description
Transition of Iraq 2 May 2003 - 28 June 2004 May 2003 ? July 2004 (Baghdad,Najaf,Karbala)
2003
The Division deploys to Kuwait
The 1st Armored Division received orders on March 4, 2003, to deploy to the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility in support of the global war on terrorism and to prepare for future contingencie ... More
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2003
The Division crosses into Iraq
In May 2003, the division deployed to Iraq and assumed responsibility for Baghdad, under command of Brigadier General Martin E. Dempsey, relieving the 3d Infantry Division. The division and task f ... More
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2003
OIF/Liberation of Iraq (2003)
The 2003 invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the conflict that later came to be known as the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United ... More
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2003 - 2003
The Division relocates to Wiesbaden
February 2000 also saw 1st Armored Division Headquarters announce the closure of military facilities in Bad Kreuznach and subsequent relocation to Wiesbaden scheduled for June 2001.
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2001
1st Brigade validates the Immediate Reaction Force
First Armored Division began the year 2000 with a bang as the 1st Brigade Combat Team blasted its way through the rolling fog of Grafenwoehr Training Area in a challenging January gunnery. Second Brig ... More
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2000
The Division celebrated its 60th birthday
First Armored Division's command and control elements pushed the envelope during a highly effective Warfighter in GTA, March 21-April 17. First Armored Division took command of Task Force Falcon in Ko ... More
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2000
The Division deploys troops for Operation Allied Force
In April 1999, the 1st Armored Division was alerted to send soldier to Albania as part of Operation Allied Force in response to the ethnic cleansing and fighting in Kosovo. The 1st Armored Division th ... More
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1999
The Division returns to Germany
On November 10, 1996, the 1st Armored Division transferred authority for command and control of Task Force Eagle to the 1st Infantry Division. The 1st Infantry Division deployed as a covering force to ... More
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1996
Army Superior Unit Award
Criteria
The Superior Unit Award may be awarded during peacetime for outstanding meritorious performance of a difficult and challenging mission carried out under extraordinary circumstances. The unit must disp ... More
Description
Army Superior Unit Award for 1995?1996
1995
The Division was ordered to Bosnia-Herzegovina
On December 14, 1995, the 1st Armored Division was ordered to Bosnia-Herzegovina as part of Operation Joint Endeavor. This task force, known as Task Force Eagle, assumed control of its area of respons ... More
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1995
The Division crosses the Sava River
The historic bridging of the Sava River was on December 31, 1995, the Old Ironsides Division, with supporting forces from the 5th U.S. Corps, was joined by Nordic-Polish, Turkish, and Russian brigades ... More
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1995
Southwest Asia Cease-Fire (Iraq)
While several operations occurred in the geographical areas described above between April 12, 1991, and November 30, 1995, including Operation Provide Comfort (June 1, 1992 – November 30, 1995), ... More
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1991 - 1995
Meritorious Unit Commendation
Criteria
The Meritorious Unit Commendation is awarded to units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services for at least six continuous months during a period of military operat ... More
Description
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA
1991
National Defense Service Medal (2001-Present))
Criteria
The National Defense Service Medal is awarded for honorable active service as a member of the Armed Forces during the Korean War, Vietnam War, the war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf, and for service ... More
1991
Southwest Asia Service Medal
Criteria
The Southwest Asia Service Medal is awarded for service in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees North latitude and west ... More
Description
Liberation and Defense of Kuwait 17 January-11 April 1991
1991
Southwest Asia Service Medal
Criteria
The Southwest Asia Service Medal is awarded for service in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees North latitude and west ... More
Description
Cease-Fire 12 April 1991-30 November 1995
1991
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Criteria
Service must have been performed in support of Operation Desert Storm and the liberation of Kuwait, between 17 January 1991 to 28 February 1991. Eligible areas include: The Persian Gulf, The Red Sea, ... More
1991
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Emirate of Kuwait)
Criteria
Awarded to members of the Military Coalition who served in support of Operation Desert Shield or Desert Storm in one or more of the following areas between 2 August 1990 and 31 August 1993: Persian Gu ... More
1991
The Division crossed into Iraq
On February 24, 1991, the 1st Armored Division crossed into Iraq leading VII Corp's main flanking attack - its mission to destroy the elite, Iraqi Republican Guards Divisions. In its 89-hour blitz acr ... More
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1991
The Division returns to Germany
Old Ironsides marked its successful return to Germany on May 8, 1991, when MG Griffith uncased the Division Colors in Ansbach. The 1st Armored Division celebrated its triumph with a visit from the Vic ... More
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1991
Gulf War/Defense of Saudi Arabia
In 1990, fellow Arab Gulf states refused to endorse Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's plan to cut production and raise the price of oil, leaving him frustrated and paranoid. Iraq had incurred a mountain o ... More
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1990 - 1991
Gulf War/Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
The Liberation of Kuwait was the campaign to retake Kuwait from Iraq after the massive air campaign, between 24–28 February 1991. U.S. troops and the Coalition entered to find the Iraqis surrend ... More
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1991 - 1991
Southwest Asia Service Medal
Criteria
The Southwest Asia Service Medal is awarded for service in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees North latitude and west ... More
Description
Defense of Saudi Arabia 2 August 1990-16 January 1991
1990
The Division was deployed for Desert Shield
Almost immediately the 1st Armored Division was called upon to meet a new challenge. In November 1990 it was alerted for deployment to the Middle East in response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. In l ... More
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1990
The Division moves to Germany
The early 1970's brought the withdrawal of American Forces from Vietnam and a major restructuring of the Army. Old Ironsides was rumored to be on the list of units to be inactivated. Veterans of the D ... More
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1971
3rd Brigade deployed to Chicago
1968 was a crisis-filled year of domestic unrest. After the assassination of Martin Luther King, several inner cities exploded into violence. The 3rd Brigade deployed to Chicago to assist in restoring ... More
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1968
Divisional units deploy to Vietnam
Although the 1st Armored Division did not participate as a Division in the Vietnam War, two units, Company A, 501st Aviation and 1st Squadron, 1st Calvary served with distinction. Both earned Presiden ... More
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1967
National Defense Service Medal (2001-Present))
Criteria
The National Defense Service Medal is awarded for honorable active service as a member of the Armed Forces during the Korean War, Vietnam War, the war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf, and for service ... More
1964
The Division deploys to Fort Stewart
The start of the 1960s, however, inaugurated a period of military renewal. Important changes in organization, doctrine, and equipment stemmed from the realization that the Army must be prepared to fig ... More
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1962
The President visits the Division
One highlight was a visit from President John F. Kennedy on November 26, 1962. Shortly thereafter, tensions eased and the 1st Armored Division returned to Ft. Hood.
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1962
The Division was integrated into the Strategic Army Corps
Toward the end of the 1950s, the Army's preoccupation with a nuclear battlefield waned. The Army experienced years of austere budgets. Reduced in size and the 1st Armored Division reverted to a traini ... More
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1958
The Division participates in Operation Sagebrush
Training for nuclear war became a major theme in the mid-1950s. Accordingly, the 1st Armored Division participated in tests of the "Atomic Field Army" at Fort Hood and in Operation Sagebrush ... More
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1956
The Division relocates to Fort Polk, Louisiana.
The 1st Armored Division moved to its new home at Fort Polk, Louisiana.
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1956
National Defense Service Medal (2001-Present))
Criteria
The National Defense Service Medal is awarded for honorable active service as a member of the Armed Forces during the Korean War, Vietnam War, the war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf, and for service ... More
1951
The Division was activated at Fort Hood
The success of the Russian made T-34 tank at the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 brought renewed enthusiasm for armor. As part of the Korean War build up of American forces, the 1st Armored Divisio ... More
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1951
Army of Occupation Medal 1945-1990
Criteria
The Army of Occupation Medal is a military award of the United States military which was established by the United States War Department on 5 April 1946. The medal was created in the aftermath of the ... More
1946
The Division returned to the United States
The 1st Armored Division flag returned to the New York Port of Embarkation on 24 April 1946.
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1946
The Division was inactivated
The Division was inactivated at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.
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1946
Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign
Criteria
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded for for qualifying service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946, ... More
Description
Po Valley 5 April-8 May 1945
1945
World War II Victory Medal
Criteria
The World War II Victory Medal commemorates military service during the Second World War.
1945
The Division enters the Po Valley
Rugged mountains and winter weather now stood between the Allies and the open land of the Po Valley. The 1st Armored Division broke into the valley in April 1945 and on May 2, 1945, German forces in I ... More
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1945
The Division was transferred to Germany
In June 1945 the 1st Armored Division was transferred to Germany to serve as part of the Allied occupation forces.
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1945
WWII - European Theater of Operations/North Apennines Campaign (1944-45)
(North Apennines Campaign 10 September 1944 to 4 April 1945) In Italy during the fall and winter of 1944-1945 the Allies used their air power against the enemy’s communications as ground forces ... More
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1944 - 1945
WWII - European Theater of Operations/Po Valley Campaign (1945)
(Po Valley Campaign 5 April-8 May 1945) The effectiveness of interdiction in northern Italy was shown by the success of the final Allied drive in that area in April 1945. With communications shattered ... More
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1945 - 1945
Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign
Criteria
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded for for qualifying service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946, ... More
Description
Rome-Arno 22 January-9 September 1944
1944
Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign
Devices : Bronze Arrowhead
Criteria
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded for for qualifying service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946, ... More
Description
Anzio 22 January-24 May 1944
1944
Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign
Criteria
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded for for qualifying service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946, ... More
Description
Northern Apennines 10 September 1944-4 April 1945
1944
The Division amphibious assault at Anzio
To break the stalemate, the Allies made an amphibious assault well behind enemy lines at Anzio on January 23, 1944. Beating back repeated German counterattacks, the 1st Armored Division led the Allied ... More
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1944
The Division liberated Rome
liberating the city on June 4. The 1st Armored Division continued its pursuit of the enemy to the North Apennies where the Germans made their last stand.
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1944
WWII - European Theater of Operations/Naples-Foggia Campaign (1943-44)
(Naples-Foggia Campaign 18 Aug 1943-21 Jan 1944 (Air); 9 Sep 1943-21 Jan 1944 (Ground) After Allied bombardment of communications and airfields in Italy, Montgomery crossed the Strait of Messina on 3 ... More
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1943 - 1944
WWII - European Theater of Operations/Anzio Campaign (1944)
On January 1944, in conjunction with a frontal assault, the Allies attempted to turn the Gustav Line by landing troops at Anzio. But the frontal attack failed, and the Allies were unable to break out ... More
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1944 - 1944
WWII - European Theater of Operations/Rome-Arno Campaign (1944)
(Rome-Arno Campaign 22 January to 9 September 1944) U.S. 5th Army advanced 150 miles to the Arno River. The unsuccessful attempt to break the Gustav Line on 22 January was followed by another unsucces ... More
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1944 - 1944
Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign
Criteria
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded for for qualifying service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946, ... More
Description
Naples-Foggia 9 September 1943-21 January 1944
1943
The Division assault landing at Salerno
The fall of Sicily in the summer of 1943 cleared the way for an Allied Invasion of the Italian mainland. As part of General Mark Clark's Fifth Army, the 1st Armored Division crushed enemy resistance i ... More
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1943
The Division attacked the infamous Winter Line
At the Garigiano River, the attack on the infamous Winter Line began. Fighting the wind, freezing rain and a fierce German army, the 1st Armored Division breached the fierce Winter Line on December 7t ... More
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1943
WWII - Africa Theater of Operations/Tunisia Campaign (1942-43)
(Tunisia Campaign 17 November 1942 to 13 May 1943) Having gained Algeria, the Allies quickly turned eastward, hoping to take Tunis and Bizerte before the Germans could send reinforcements into Tunisia ... More
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1942 - 1943
Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign
Devices : Bronze Arrowhead
Criteria
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded for for qualifying service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946, ... More
Description
Tunisia 17 November 1942-13 May 1943
1942
American Defense Service Medal
Criteria
a. The ADSM was established by EO 8808, announced in War Department Bulletin 17, 1941. It is awarded for service between 8 September 1939 and 7 December 1941 under orders to active duty for a period o ... More
1941
MG Magruder's search for Division's name
Soon after the activation of the 1st Armored Division at Fort Knox on July 15, 1940, its first commander, Major General Bruce R. Magruder, began searching for an appropriate nickname for the division. ... More
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1941
The 1st Armored Division was established
The 1st Armored Division, largely an expanded and reorganized version of the 7th Cavalry Brigade, was activated at Fort Knox under the command of Major General Bruce Magruder. The 1st Cavalry Regiment ... More
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1940
 
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