|Charles Ellet, Jr.
||January 1, 1810(1810-01-01)
Bucks County, Pennsylvania
||June 21, 1862 (aged 52)
Battle of Memphis
||Championing suspension bridges and other engineering endeavors in United States
Charles Ellet, Jr. (1 January 1810 – 21 June 1862) was a civil engineer and a colonel during the American Civil War, mortally wounded at the Battle of Memphis.
Ellet was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, brother of Alfred W. Ellet, also a civil engineer and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the war.
Charles studied civil engineering at École Polytechnique in Paris, France, and in 1832 submitted proposals for a suspension bridge across the Potomac River.. In 1842, he designed the first wire-cable suspension bridge in the United States, spanning 358 feet over the Schuylkill River at Fairmount, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He designed the record-breaking Wheeling suspension bridge over the Ohio River at Wheeling, West Virginia in 1848, and a 770-foot suspension footbridge at Niagara Falls at the same time. His other civil engineering accomplishments include improving flood control and navigation of mid-western rivers and planning the layout of railways in Virginia.
The Secretary of War appointed him colonel of engineers and tasked him with developing the United States Ram Fleet.
He was mortally wounded during the Battle of Memphis while on board Queen of the West, dying fifteen days later.
Ellet published a Report of the Overflows of the Delta of the Mississippi River, which helped to reshape New Orlean's waterfront. George Perkins Marsh published Man and Nature fourteen years later, but it was Ellet who first noted in writing that the artificial embankments created an overflowing delta. It would be decades later that his assertions were taken seriously and used in flood control decisions.
His son Charles Rivers Ellet was a colonel in the Union Army.
USS Ellet (DD-398), which was in service in 1939-46, was named in honor of Charles Ellet, Jr. and other members of his family.
- ^ Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001). Civil War High Commands. p. 224. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- ^ Steinman, David B.; Watson, Sara Ruth (1941). Bridges and Their Builders. G.P. Putnams. p. 209.
- ^ Steinman & Watson, p. 210
- ^ Steinman & Watson, p. 211
- ^ Eicher, David J. (2001). The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. Simon & Schuster. p. 253. ISBN 0-684-84944-5.
- ^ Kelman, Ari (2003). A River and Its City: The Nature of Landscape in New Orleans. University of California Press. p. 162. ISBN 0-520-23432-4.
- Fowler, William M. 1990. Under Two Flags: The American Navy in the Civil War. Norton and Company. ISBN 0-393-02859-3