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Moore, Harold, LTG Assisted
 
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Last Rank
Lieutenant General
Last Service Branch
Infantry
Last Primary MOS
2900-Headquarters Unit Commander
Last Unit
1976-1977, 00G3, Department of the Army (DA)
Previously Held MOS
1542-Infantry Unit Commander
1690-Military Intelligence Unit Commander
2520-Training Officer
1985-Supply Research & Development Officer
2170-Technical Operations Officer
2162-Operations & Training Staff Officer (G3, S3)
00G1-Army General Officer (G1)
00G2-Army General Officer (G2)
00G3-Army General Officer (G3)
Service Years
1942 - 1977

Infantry

Lieutenant General



Ten Overseas Service Bars


 Official Badges 

Army Staff Identification Allied Command Atlantic Joint Chiefs of Staff US European Command

United States Joint Forces Command


 Unofficial Badges 

Airborne Combat Advisor Order of the Dragon Order of Saint Maurice

Order of The Spur


 Additional Information
What are you doing now:
author:
  • We Were Soldiers Once… And Young (with co-author Joseph L. Galloway), which was adapted into the film We Were Soldiers, which was filmed at Fort Hunter Liggett and Fort Benning; Moore was played by Mel Gibson.
  • LTG Hal Moore and Joseph L. Galloway have co-authored another book together, a follow-up to their highly successful first title. We Are Soldiers Still; A Journey Back to the Battlefields of Vietnam was highly anticipated and published in 2008.
    President of the Crested Butte Ski Area, Colorado,

    Hal Moore and his deceased wife, Julia Compton Moore, have five children and numerous grandchildren. Julia Compton was born in Fort Sill, Oklahoma, the only child of Army Colonel Louis J. Compton and Elizabeth Boon Compton. From the age of 12, she began a lifelong journey of experiencing the separation and risk of loss in war. Her father fought in Europe in World War II, her husband was wounded in Korea and Vietnam, and one of her sons fought with the 82nd Airborne Division in Panama and the Gulf War.

    Children:

    • Greg Moore
    • Lt. Col. (Ret.) Steve Moore
    • Julie Moore Orlowski
    • Cecile Moore Rainey
    • Col. David Moore

    Mrs. Moore is buried at the Fort Benning Cemetery, near her mother and father, and in the middle of the 7th Cavalry troopers, beside the grave of Sgt. Jack E. Gell of Alpha Company 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry.

    Today he is the "Honorary Colonel" of the Regiment.

    Moore was known as "Yellow Hair" to his troops at the battle at Ia Drang, for his blonde hair, and as a tongue-in-cheek homage referencing Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, commander of the same unit (7th Cavalry) at the Battle of the Little Bighorn just under a century before.

    Lt. Gen. Harold G. Moore, USA (Ret.), eighty-six, was a master parachutist and Army aviator, commanded two infantry companies in the Korean War, and was a battalion and brigade commander in Vietnam. He retired from the Army in 1977 with thirty-two years' service.

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    Other Comments:

    Moore is a recipient of the Distinguished Service Cross, which is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army. He was the lieutenant colonel in command of the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, at the Battle of Ia Drang on November 14–16, 1965, in Vietnam.

    Hal Moore is best known for the Battle of Ia Drang, well-detailed in his 1992 book We Were Soldiers Once… And Young, which was made into a movie in 2002, entitled We Were Soldiers. The Battle of Ia Drang began in November 1965 when 450 men of the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry were dropped by helicopter into a small clearing in the Ia Drang Valley, South Vietnam. Unbeknownst to Moore and his commanders, this clearing was adjacent to more than 4,000 North Vietnamese soldiers, who quickly surrounded the small unit. Encircled by enemy soldiers with no clear landing zone (LZ) that would allow them to leave, Lieutenant Colonel Moore managed to persevere despite overwhelming odds that led to a sister battalion only two-and-a-half miles away being massacred. Moore's dictum that "there is always one more thing you can do to increase your odds of success" and the perseverance and courage of his entire command are credited with this astounding outcome.

    Importantly, despite the fact that Moore's spirited defense led to more than a 4-to-1 ratio between North Vietnamese casualties and US casualties, Moore considers the battle a draw because the US left the area and allowed the North Vietnamese to reassert control. However, the US Army was extracted after the North Vietnamese abandoned their defenses. Only after the battle did the North Vietnamese regain their positions. Many consider the battle a microcosm of the war.

    AWARDS:

    • Combat Infantryman Badge (2 awards)
    • Distinguished Service Cross
    • Bronze Star (3 awards, 2 for Valor).
    • Master Parachutist Badge
    • 2003 USO Patriot Award
    • 2003 Distinguished Graduate Award from the West Point Association of Graduates
    • Order of Saint Maurice by the National Infantry Association
    • Legion of Merit
    • Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster
    • WW II Victory Medal
    • National defence Medal with Gold star
    • Korean Defence Medal
    • Korean Service Medal
    • United Nations Service Medal
    • NATO Service Medal
    • Presidential Unit Citation with Oak leaf Cluster
    • Valorius Unit Citation
    • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
    • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for KOREA 1950-1953
    • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for KOREA 1952-1953
    • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for KOREA 1945-1948; 1953-1957
    • Republic of Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation
    • Republic of Vietnam Galentry Unit citation
    • Army Commendation Medal
    • Army Expeditionary Medal
    Campaigns:

    World War II
    Korean War
  • Korean War: 17th Infantry Regiment UN Defensive; UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953
  • Korean War: 7th Infantry Division was currently stationed in Japan at the outbreak of the Korean War. They were present during the Inchon Landing and were at the Yalu River when the Chinese entered the war. The 7th led the charge to the north, and was one of the first units to reach the Yalu River. Task Force Faith, a regimental sized unit formed from several division elements, was trapped east of the Chosin Reservoir by two Chinese divisions and wiped out in furious fighting. The 7th participated in battles such as Battle of Heartbreak Ridge, Battle of Porkchop Hill, and the Battle of Old Baldy. Alongside them for much of the time were members of the three successive Kagnew Battalions sent by Emperor Haile Sellassie of Ethiopia as part of the United Nations forces.
  • Vietnam War
    *Battle of Ia Drang

    Hal Moore’s Principles
    There are a number of other principles - some mine, some drawn from men I admire, like Gen. Colin Powell - that will help anyone be a better, more effective leader:
    • Be dead honest and totally candid with those above and below you.
    • There must be total loyalty, up and down the chain of command.
    • If you have to take a subordinate to the woodshed do it in private. Praise someone in public; correct or counsel him privately. Never take a subordinate’s pride and self-respect away.
    • Treat everyone fair and square, without favorites. If you discover subordinates with extraordinary talent give them the toughest jobs, not the easiest ones, and mentor them.
    • Stay away from higher headquarters or corporate headquarters unless summoned. No good can come from wandering aimlessly around corridors filled with bosses alert any sign someone is underemployed.
    • As you push power and decision-making authority you must also push subsequent praise and recognition for outstanding unit performance down as well. Don’t hog the glory for yourself if you want to build a superb team.
    • Good leaders don’t wait for official permission to try out a new idea. In any organization if you go looking for permission you will inevitably find the one person who thinks his job is to say “NO!” It’s easier to get forgiveness than permission.
    • The leader in the field is always right and the rear echelon wrong, unless proved otherwise. Shift power and accountability to the people who are bringing in the beans, not the ones who are counting and analyzing them.

    - Lt. Gen. Harold Moore, USA (Ret.)
    from the book We are Soldiers Still

    Hal Moore nevver lost a Soldier in the field as a POW or MIA he left no one.

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     Ribbon Bar

    Combat Infantryman 2nd Award
    Aviator Badge (Basic)

    Master ParachutistAir Assault Badge
    Rifle
    Pistol
    Vietnam - Jump Wings

     
     Unit Assignments
    187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team (Korea)82nd Airborne Division1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment7th Infantry Division
    United States Military Academy West Point/USMA StaffCommand and General Staff College (CGSC)North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)/Allied Forces North Europe AFNORTH11th Air Assault Division
    7th Cavalry RegimentUnited Nations Command (UNC)/8th Army, Korea (EUSA)US Army Training Center, Fort OrdDepartment of the Army (DA)
      1945-1948, 1542, 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team (Korea)
      1948-1952, 1542, 82nd Airborne Division
      1952-1954, 1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment
      1953-1954, 1690, 7th Infantry Division
      1954-1957, 2520, United States Military Academy West Point/USMA Staff
      1957-1960, 1985, Command and General Staff College (CGSC)
      1960-1964, 2170, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)/Allied Forces North Europe AFNORTH
      1964-1965, 2900, 11th Air Assault Division
      1965-1967, 2900, 7th Cavalry Regiment/1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment
      1968-1971, 2162, United Nations Command (UNC)/8th Army, Korea (EUSA)
      1971-1973, 00G1, 7th Infantry Division
      1974-1976, 00G2, US Army Training Center, Fort Ord
      1976-1977, 00G3, Department of the Army (DA)
     Colleges Attended 
    United States Military AcademyArmed Forces Staff CollegeGeorge Washington UniversityArmy War College
      1942-1945, United States Military Academy
      1957-1958, Army Staff College
      1960-1960, Armed Forces Staff College
      1964-1965, George Washington University
      1964-1965, Army War College
     Basic Combat Training
      1942, USMA West Point ((select year group in unit assignments) ), 15830
     Combat and Operations History
      1942-1945 World War II
      1945-1949 Humanitarian or Training Exercises and Operations/Training Exercises
      1952-1953 Korean War
      1953-1953 Korean War/Battle of Pork Chop Hill
      1953-1953 Korean War/Battle of Pork Chop Hill
      1957-1989 Cold War (1945-1989)
      1965-1965 Defense Campaign 8 March to 24 December 1965 VSM Streamer/Operation Silver Bayonet - Battle of the Ia Drang22
      1965-1966 Vietnam War
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