For exceptionally meritorious achievement as an Investigator for the Chief of Physical Security on the Downing Assessment Task Force, from 5 July through 20 September 1996, investigating the bombing o
... Moref Khobar Towers, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Hide
Participated in Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY, 8 September through 22 October 1994, serving as Senior Enlisted Advisor for the Joint Special Operation Task Force aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. Americ
... Morea (CV-66), Haiti, while assigned to Joint Special Operations Command. Hide
For exceptionally meritorious achievement for presenting the Special Operations Forces Strategic Potential briefing from 13 October 1992 through 29 April 1993, in support of the United States Special
... MoreOperations Command. Hide
Awarded by the Government of Kuwait to members of the United States Armed Forces. Participated in Operation DESERT STORM, Saudi Arabia, from 12 March through 5 April 1991, while assigned to1st Specia
... Morel Forces Operational Detachment ? DELTA. Hide
For extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States, while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign forces, 1st Special Forces Operational
... More Detachment ? DELTA. For Modelo Prison Hostage Rescue Mission and the capture of Manuel Noriega, December 1989, Operation JUST CAUSE, Panama. Hide
For exceptionally meritorious service during the period August 1986 through May 1989, while serving as the Research Development Test Evaluation Sergeant Major, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachmen
... Moret ? DELTA. Hide
Participated in Operation POCKET PLANNER, U.S. Federal Penitentiary prison riot, Atlanta, Georgia, in support of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, while assigned to1st Special Forces Operational De
... Moretachment - DELTA. From 24 November ? 5 December 1987. Hide
For exceptionally meritorious achievement during the period 24 November through 5 December 1987, while serving with the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment ? DELTA. Operation POCKET PLANNER, Fe
... Morederal Penitentiary prison riot, Atlanta, Georgia, in support of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Hide
For exceptionally meritorious achievement from 20 February through 5 April 1986, while attached to 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment ? DELTA. For eliminating critical personnel shortages thro
... Moreugh recruiting, interviewing, and selecting personnel of the highest caliber for assignment to key positions. Hide
For outstanding meritorious service during the period 24 March 1978 through 3 May 1985, as Operator, Senior Demolition Technician, and Senior Mountaineering Technician, 1st Special Forces Operational
... MoreDetachment ? DELTA. Hide
For meritorious achievement, superior to that which is normally expected, during action in combat with an armed enemy of the United States, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment ? DELTA. For the
... MoreRichmond Hill Prison Hostage Rescue Mission, Grenada, 25 October 1983, Operation URGENT FURY. Hide
"Rescure Operation to extract 53 hostages from teh US Embassy In Tehran, Iran. Operation failed to achieve the objective, missio aborted. 8 KIA, 4 WIA. Involved units from 1st Special Forces Operation Detachment (Delta Force), 75th Ranger Regiment
Names of Soldiers and Officers Involved
Member of the Rescue Force JTF Helicopter Detachment (Alphabetically by Service)
U.S. Air Force
Russell E. Rakip
Terry Allen Rodney Davis John Diascuk Robert Mingo James Scurria Stanley E. Thomas
U.S. Marine Corps
Dean Beach Richard Beaucamp Daniel Bird William Buchanan Jeffrey Coffin Larry Cook Walt Dehoust David Doroski James Fiori Joseph Harold John D. Harvey* Thomas Higley William Hoff George N. Holmes, Jr.* David Husman Dewey L. Johnson* Dominick Klasek Henry Karch Dwayne Lewis Charles Lightle James Linderman K.D. Logue B.J. McGuire Ronald Mueller Rance Neymeyer Barney Oldfield Leslie Petty James Schaefer James Scurria Edward Seiffert John Sigman Larry Sosa Phillip Strickland L.C. Walt
USMC Attaches: Mission Coordinator
Colonel Charles Pitman
Major Robert Mattingly
Other Members of JTF 1-79 By Service & Rank
U.S. Marine Corps
Lt. Colonel Robert Neff Major James G. Magee
Captain John A. Butterfield Commander Maynard R. Wyers Chief Yeoman William A. Collins
Major General James B. Vaught
Colonels: Bernard Balaban James S. Barkett Charles A. Beckwith William R. Foley Jerry M. King Stanley Olchovik John Sperandio Joe N. Thompson
Lt. Colonels: Roger W. Ahrens Carmelito Arkangel, Jr. Peter f. Dieck George Hammond Jesse L. Johnson Jerry A. Matthiesen Keith O. Nightingale James Olstead Charles Phillips Richard W. Potter, Jr. James M. Salander Carlton G. Savory Hubert S. Shaw Joseph Thompson Sherman H. Williford
Majors: Herman Adler Nathan J. Bender Marshall J. Bowen William G. Boykin Lewis H. Burruss, Jr. Donald Cagle Norman Custer Darrell G. Elmore Logan D. Fitch Richard B. Friedel Elliott Klain Wayne E. Long Richard Meadows William C. Ohl James Q. Roberts Peter J. Schoomaker Robert Slay Edwin K. Smith III Peter Thompson Tyrone T. Tisdale Jorge L. Torres-Cartagena
Captains: Timothy J. Casey William H. Deane William P. Gowdy David L. Grange James Iagulli Wade Y. Ishimoto James f. Knight Johnie McClellon William Moran James H. Schwitters Robert Toomy Steven J. Wright
1st Lieutenants: Thomas Milam John Provost Wayne Richardson Tommy T. Wall
Warrant Officers: Michael Bryda Harry J. Byard Philip D. Clarkson John C. Lamonica Paul A. Zeisman Charles R. Donau Michael J. Hollingsed Larry Sykes John W. Stanley, Jr. Russell R. Vona II William L. Welsch
Sergeants Majors: David Cheney Forrest K. Foreman William R. Grimes Ratchford P. Haynes Jack G. Joplin Angel Macias Jan Schalavin Walter L. Shumate
Master Sergeants: Andy M. Almueti Robert L. Bolton III Richard A. Bridge Angel C. Candelaria John M. Clemmens, Jr. Ronald C. Czarnecki Roger L. George Rodney L. Headman Paul A. Lawrence John r. Martin Gary M. Moston Alan Ravitz Leon E. Sharon Donald G. Simmons Kerby A. Smith Eugene Spencer Norman C. Taitano Michael P. Waite Edward H. Westfall, Jr. Dennis E. Wolfe
Sergeants First Class: Herman L. Adams, Jr. Deciderio Alvarez Donald L. Briere Kent H. Brown, Jr. Marshall L. Brown Edward U. Bugarin Jerry L. Burney Guy L. Chapman Junior L. Chewey Bradley Cooper Thomas B. Corbett Norman F. Crawford William F. Cronin III Durwin D. Dengerud Donald M. Feeney, Jr. George M. Flanagan Gerald Fontana Lawrence N. Freedman Mark S. Gentry Terry L. Hall Eric L. Haney Phillip L. Hanson Daniel F. Hobson Randall A. Hoeffer Steven T. Hoffman Patrick R. Hurley Frank J. James Killis W. Jeter III John w. Jones James L. Knotts Billy Krieger Clemons E. Lemke Robert D. Little Danny L. Mathers John C. McEwan Frank O. McKenna James A. Miller John P. Mims Earl J. Moniz Cecil W. Morgan Billie D. Morton Steven Murphy Glen M. Nickel John G. Potter Eulis A. Presley Keith W. Purdue Donald E. Purdy Harrison Reves David C. Rigo James D. Roberts Rodolfo D. Rodriquez Donald J. Shelton James V. Shelton Kenneth W. Spivey Raymond E. Suggs Joseph J. Sumakeris Gerald R. Troller Bruno Urbaniak Rolland E. Vincent, Jr. Arthur L. Waldo Melvin L. Wick William J. Wilderman Robert R. Wilson John Yancey William L. Zumwalt
Staff Sergeants: Christopher W. Abel Irvin J. Banta Roger D. Berryhill Randall A. Bullock Donald W. Chrisman Joesph Cook Iain T.R. Crawford Derek A. Delaihoussaye William Donovan Francis W. Fish II William C. France III Gregory Gainey Alfred L. Gandee William Guest Kenneth R. Holt Reginald H. Honaker Barry T. Hotle Jeffrey L. Huber Bernhard W. Kaita Michael A. Kalua Robert Kuenstle Thomas B. Lambert Charles Laws Frrederick J. Lewis David R. Littlejohn Azzam Lostan Michael T. Moore Thomas L. Mushrim James P. O?Callaghan James R. Owens Douglas G. Pechtel Manuel R. Pelaiz John D. Pitts Jack Rogers Glen A. Staples, Jr. Larry A. Steele Joseph Thompson Peter Vanborkulo, Jr. Mike R. Vining Donald F. Vlasko, Jr. Carlos C. Westling
Sergeants: Franklin Ashe Mark Baillaigeon Francis Bowman Richard Burrows Selmer Hyde Roy Kampmeir James Kinny Michael T. ?Mike? McGirr Daniel Muro Ruban A. Nieves-Nieves Michael Noyes Wilson Nunez Stewart K. O?Neil Juan M. Perez, Jr. Gene Peters James Phillips Donald J. Pirtle Joseph Ripepi David Sisk Blasť W. Smith Larry Smith Jeffery Swyenburg Helal S. Syouf Michael Tietjen Mannifred Yates
Corporals/Spec Fours: Roger Beck David Berkan Roger Chapman Arvin J. Collicot Frank Derienzo Stanley C. Evans Mark Fletcher Daniel French Joseph Friedman Edwin Gilbert Marty Godding Steven Hogue Roy Horsley John Hudachek Wesley W. Kaylor Richard Lamb David Lewis Peter Love Kenneth Martin Kurt L. Kassey Henry Navarro Gary Noble Joseph Principe Charles Ray Raymond Rhash Hector Rodrigues Robert Rubio, Jr. Michael Sampson Kurt Schneider Eric Scott Gordon Shields Donald Smith James Stewart Mark Taylor James Tomazin Horace Turner Bryan K. Weeks Gordon Young
Privates First Class: Arnett Brantley Kenneth Clement James Dee Dennis Dodson Charles Fooks Joseph La Flex Slade McCalip Keith Marrow Michael Pflaum Bobby Reed Fritz Resil James Sparks Makie Warf William White
Privates: Michael Hitchcock Kerry Kolhof Warren Long James Miller Bret Parker Timothy Spayd
Ronald C. Waananen
U.S, Air Force
Major Genral Philip C. Gast
Colonels: Richard Keating James Kyle Eugene A. Moore Robert N. Pinard Thomas J. Wicker
Lt. Colonels: John P. Bateman Lawrence D. Bonham Thomas P. Bradley Robert L. Brenci David I. Casperson William M. Crane John A. Drohan John A. Gallagher John E. Gamble Bobbie Gene Graham Roland D. Guidry Lannie W. Hall Glaude R. Horton Ronald L. Jones Robert Lawrence Rod Lenahan James A. Livesey Thomas L. McCarron Ronald Michaels Kenneth D. Oliver William T. Postles Lester C. Smith Raymond Turczynski, Jr. Flurin D. White John H. Wilson
Majors: Frank W. Anderson John R. Anderson Alva E. Bagby III George R. Barratt David J. Blum Alan H. Brown Donald Buchanan Clyde Butler II Darin T. Cairns John T. Carney, Jr. Terence L. Casteel M. Couvillon Russel B.G. Darden William F. Deegan, Jr. William H. Diggins James D. Duke Clifford Gilbert John E. Hawkins Less Hess Carl S. Houston William K. Horne Terance L. Jahnke Harry Johnson James M. Kirk John M. Logan Michael D. Overstreet John Ozolins Juan Pena, Jr. Fredrick L. Pumroy James N. Roberts Paul W. Rumple Arthur W. Schwall, Jr. John Stock William R. Terry John W. Thomas Stephen L. Toles George R. Toth Douglas L. Ulery Gerald J. Uttaro Douglas R. Waali John V.O. Weaver, Jr. Frank Wells Wesley T. Werling
Captains: Richard L. Bakke* James Bennes II Thomas M. Beres Dennis R. Bishop Jeffrey A. Blohm Paul R. Bolduc Joseph A. Brennan Stephen Burke Thomas W. Butler Robert H. Bysewski Clayton J. Chaplvian, Jr. Joseph J. Contigquqlia Jerome F. Conway Michael A. Cummings Judson D. Daley David L. Davenport James Dickensheets Jack R. Dickinson John E. Downey, Jr. Leslie R. Drake Michael A. Driver Michael A. Dungan Bobby F. Earle Donald S. Ellis Steven D. Elise George C. Ferkes Michael R. Filler Stephen A. Fleming Samuel Galloway Steven E. Garbe Terry Godby M. J. Hamilton Michael L. Happe Jeffery B. Harrison Raymond P. Hicks Robert L. Honaker John S. Jaczinski III Douglas A. Johnson Martin P. Jubelt John P. Kegel James D. Kelly James L. Langenhan Stephen D. Lavender James D. Lawrence Clark P. Lee Kevin H. Leeman Ellen K. Lewis Harold L. Lewis, Jr.* Robert M. Lewis Charles R. Lovett William Lucyshyn Robert T. Luginbuhl, Jr. J.J. McBride Michael McClellan Lyn D. McIntosh* Charles T. McMillan II* John R. Michael Robert L. Miller John A. Nimmo Basil S. Norris, Jr. Bennis E. Novy Lawrence J. O?Keefe William E. Osborne John G. Pearson Gregory S. Peppers Joseph D. Perkumas Kenneth H. Poole Timothy C. Prater James R. Pugh III Russel E. Rakip, Jr. Michael D. Remington Dean E. Rice William P. Robb Richard A. Robbins Neal T. Robinson James D. Rorabaugh William W. Ross William E. Saier Mark R. Sanderson Michael D. Scearse Robert G. Schultz John P. Sherkus Donald C. Siegel Brian A. Sliwa John M. Smilek Harold L. Solomon Maurice F. Sonner II Edward C. Springler Larry M. Stephens Steven J. Srubbe Michael K. Sumida Ronald L. Tanner Russell E. Tharp Jerry L. Thigpen Wayne L. Thom John G. Townsend Lester P. Tucker David L. Valenta Xavier G. Villarreal Richard G. Viray Warren I. Weaver Myron E. Williams Charles Williamson John C. Witzel Ray A. Yagher Karl B. Young Herman Youngblood Russ Ziegenhorn Davis R. Ziegler
1st Lieutenants: Clyde C. Ayer Joseph M. Drosezko Charles D. Ford Vincent J. Guida Jeffery B. Harrison Robert W. Hudson Armas J. Jaskey Robert J. Mongillo Dennis E. Novy Timothy C. Prater Lin A. Riley Berton B. Rund Ronald C. Sharpe Gerald R. Smith Stephen P. Vancil Mark Widermuth Michael N. Wilson Ronald D. Yaggi
2nd Lieutenants: Allen A. Moushon Michael E. Strang
Chief Master Sergeants: Fred O. Harris Buie E. Kindle
Senior Master Sergeants: Richard G. Davis Sherman E. Eller Stephen L. Foster John M. Gerkey Olive Hodgson Arthur W. Humphrey Wayne Keeserling Clawson L. Messer Kenneth D. Patterson Albert J. Turcotte Atwell L. Wiley
Master Sergeants: Frederick R. Allen Roberto L. Almanzer Gerald A. Appleby Freddie L. Banks William D. Beavers Don Boudreaux Gray E. Brandmeier Michael R. Bryan Roger L. Capps Robert A. Chitwood Reuben S. Cole Thomas Daigenaut Anthony G. Denoi Ray C. Doyle O.B. Duncan James W. Garrett Clyde C. Gowdy George W. Hawkins, Jr. Johnas Jackson Fred E. Jenkins John F. Katakik, Jr. Edward F. Kirby Michael I. Lampe William H. Larsen Harold D. Maddux Ronald McGill H.L. Michaud, Jr. John W. Mink R.T Plain, Jr. Francis J. Puskas Dennis C. Ray Daniel G. Russel John Schugman Joseph G. Sheldon Bobbie K. Sikes Francis J. Skorupski Bruce B. Williamson Garnett E. Wilson, Jr.
Technical Sergeants: Arthur F. Allen Warren S. Allen Lewis G. Aokin Rodney Arviso Kenneth L. Bancroft Raphael M. Barthlett Fred E. Beach T.A. Boknevitz Stephen R. Booe Gary L. Boughton Jack G. Bracken, Jr. Mitchell Brown James Charvat James D. Chesser Eurial Davis, Jr. Richard A. Diehl Ben R. Ferrell Donald H. Folley, Jr. William R. Gingrich Manuel L. Gonzalez Denny M Grisham Kenneth F. Haman James Hamilton Michael L. Hassler Barry P. Holloman J.J. Hollyfield M. Hosenbackez Charles W. Hughes, Jr. Ronnie M. Janes William R. Jerome Thomas Juniper Arthur King John A. Koren James A. Kowalik William A. Lippens James H. Lutterman Michael R. Marbry Mark S. Martin John W. Mattison Joel C. Mayo* Rex D. Mays George S. Miller Dwight A. Newberry Robert W. Nichols Dennis C. Ray Robert L. Roeder Jerry L. Schutee Stephen Smith, Jr. Edward B. Strange Jose L. Torres Robert B. Underwood. Jr. Theodore C. Vandemark Thomas A. Wacht Frederick Welty James W. West Barry E. Wilkins Dean F. Winters Walter E. Wood
Staff Sergeants: Jerry L. Anderson Nasamichi Arija Larry J. Beattie Jerry Beeman Joseph J. Byers III Larry A. Bloomfield Leonard Boeninghaus Guy W. Bogisich Virgil C. Bramer Larry L. Bupp Larry B. Burrus Ronald Calhoun, Jr. James L. Chamess Barry W. Clain, Jr. Dannie Clark Kenneth W. Clark Raymond L. Coons S.G. Corbett William D. Cowan Freddy Adamos Cruz William E. Daughtery, Jr. Chester G. Davis Teddie C. Davis James B Devine IV Salvador Diaz Roy S. Duncan John T. Felton Charles A. Fleming Harold W. Fowle David A. Fredricksen William R. Galt James A. Graczyk Clint A. Grant James K. Haase James C. Hall D.L. Harrison Dana B. Hensley Roland C. Hickman Jackie D. Holly James A. Holmes Andrew J. Huff Kenneth R. Ingram Wilbert L. Jacobs Ray A. Jimenez James B. Joy James A. Justice Ricky E. Kahler Robert J. Kane William M. King Frederick Kramer James M. Labit Vincent A. Latona, Sr. William H. Lawrence William McCoy Kenneth F. McKee Leverious D. Maston, Jr. William f. Milburn Horace T. Mize Thomas L. Mock William Necker, Jr. Robert S. Page Earl Parchment C. Perez-Murales Randall Permenter Bruce L. Pettry James H. Price Joseph D. Reid George Reschetinkow Bernard Roessling Burton C. Rought, Jr. Richard T. Sanchez Clyde S. Silva Charles D. Stevens Andrew J. Stigar William A. Tafoya Billy J. Tate, Jr. Frederick Taylor Edward L. Teaford Ronald J. Thomas Dale R. Town Ray Treadwell, Jr. Thomas R. Vadnais Luis E. Valenzuela James B. Varnadore Miguel Vecchione Richard W. West Daniel O. Whalen David N. Williams Ernest W. Wilson Wesley B. Witherspoon Bradley M. Wolf Rex V. Wollmann Ronald L. Zummer
Senior Airmen: Amin Abirached David C. Alwerdt Steve P. Arthur Keith G. Barton Roy L. Bigham Keith A. Blanks Milton R. Bowman Mark A. Busha Dennis R. Bradshaw Richard W. Bridger John Bryant Gary H. Cardenas Dana A. Carter Bruce A. Chiras Joseph J. Clancy, Jr. John W. Clark E. J. Cooney, Jr. Dewy D. Dahl George L. Davis Ronald J. Dawley Joseph Disalvo, Jr. Michael G. Duffie Arthur L. Evans William C. Fullan Joseph W. Finnerty Rodney B. Forest Randy E. Garrett Johnny George Gary L. Green Paul Greene M.T. Grossman Eugene R. Hagge Clifford M. Hare Joseph M. Harrington Stephen E. Hartman Martin Hayes Robert D. Henrie John R. Heard Bradley A. Herdman Louis Hernandez, Jr. Dewight L. Herndon Geogory L. Hooper Michael L. Hosler Lawrence Houghton Jeffrey D. Howland Toy L. Jones, Jr. James D. Judkins Donald L. Kark Robert A. Lindsey James W. McClain, Jr. James McCluskey Steven A. McCunney Harry A. McDaniel Timothy Masenburg James R. Massey David L. Mayes David Metherell Daniel Meyers Laurence D. Miller Charles E. Moore Bruce W. Nicholson Daniel P. Parabis Larry E. Poston Anthony R. Price Kevin Randlett Thomas H. Reeder Alfred A. Romero Jessie J. Rowe III John R. Sandrow, Jr. Jerome H. Schultz Matthew J. Shankle Thomas Shaver Michael A. Skelton Chester Slavings Derral Skinner Donald K. Smith Henry F. Smith Thomas G. Smith Dewayne P. Snodderly Edward I. Spence Paul E. Sulzberger Martin E. Thompson Tommy Thompson Charles E. Tindall Thomas R, Vaisvilas J.T. Wallingford Lawrence G. Walsh William B. Walter Joel Williamson Daniel B. Wright Michael J. Ziarniak
Airmen First Class: Glenn Barndollar David C. Bateman Ishael Blas Michael J. Bradley Thomas G. Brosius David R. Brown James D. Caplinger Carlos Cardenas Jonathon Carlisle Jerald Chiarell Nikki A. Cornell David S. Crawford John R. Crimmins Kevin F. Daniel Thomas K. Davis Scott A. Delong Gary R. Denis Matt G. Doane Robert A. Dryer Daniel E. Durington D.S. Eggum Alan T. Evans Mark L. Feuser Anthony M Forster Jerry Frank Jerry Goshia Lewis E. Gray William Greffrath Mark Grondin Fredrickl R. Hassel Terry L. Henry Gray D Holt Eric J. Hooten Lawrence J. Houghton John P. House Douglas A. Johnson Juan R. Johnson David Kerstetter Ricky L. King Mitchell D. Larson Dennis L. Lowther Jerry E. McKee Stephen L. Maloney James L. Marine Robert A. Martin John A. Melanson Randy L. Miller Michael Mondragun Rodney J. Mudge Douglas J. Neal Joseph O?Brien William E. Ohms Mark Osterhout Craig E. Peters Perry L.J. Pogue Michael D. Price Alan T. Ramirez Randall L. Rinehart Ernest E. Robb, Jr. Richard R. Roundtree Kevin D. Rumple Kevin J. Rutkowski Robert P. Ryan Frank V. Sabato, Jr. C. Sanfilippo Alex D. Shear Steven T. Sistrunk Randall L. Sleggs William Spera Anthony V. Suarez James R. Sutton D.E. Thompson Mark D. Tidruw Willaim V. Tootle Ricky W. Tracy Richard M. Veenstra John Vincent Mark R. Wadding Hyram L. Walton Dale E. Welsh Douglas S. West Thomas E. Whitt Matthew L. Wilhelm Charles F. Woods, Jr. David B. Young
Airmen: William L. Amos Philip J. Carpenter Vincent P. Cimatu Cardell Jones Romeo M. Laniog Mark Shimono
Airman Basic: Christopher Schod.. More
My team's responsibilities was to conduct a search of the Ambassador's residence for the hostage. As part of B Squadron, we were on the EC-130 bladder tanker when it was hit by the RH-53D helicopter. All of B Squadron members survived, but five Airmen and and three Marines lost their lives in that accident... More
For meritorious achievement, superior to that which is normally expected, under extraordinary circumstances that involved the national interest, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment ? DELTA. For
... More the Iran Hostage Crisis, Rescue Mission, Iran, 24 through 25 April 1980, Operation EAGLE CLAW. Hide
For exceptionally meritorious achievement from 24 through 25 April 1980, while assigned to a Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Task Force. Operation EAGLE CLAW, the Iran Hostage Crisis, Rescue Mission, Ira
... Moren. Hide
For heroism while assigned as Explosive Ordnance Disposal Specialist, 63d Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit, during a series of terrorist bombings, Quincy, Illinois, 28 September 1
... More976. Hide
Awarded by the Government of the Republic of Vietnam to members of the United States Armed Forces, with Ribbon Device (1960 -). Participated in Republic of Vietnam hostilities from 26 February 1970 t
... Morehrough 29 January 1971, while assigned to the 99th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit. Hide
Participated in Republic of Vietnam hostilities from 26 February 1970 through 29 January 1971, while assigned to the 99th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit. Vietnam Counteroffensi
... Moreve Phase VII. Hide
Participated in Republic of Vietnam hostilities from 26 February 1970 through 29 January 1971, while assigned to the 99th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit. DA Sanctuary Counterof
... Morefensive. Hide
Participated in Republic of Vietnam hostilities from 26 February 1970 through 29 January 1971, while assigned to the 99th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit. Vietnam Winter - Sprin
... Moreg 1970. Hide
For exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding service during a period of military operations against an armed enemy, 99th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit, 1
... More January 1970 through 15 November 1971, Republic of Vietnam. Hide
For meritorious service in ground operations against hostile forces from February 1970 through January 1971 in the Republic of Vietnam, while assigned to 99th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance D
... Moreisposal Unit. Hide
This campaign was from 1 Jul 1970 to 31 June 1971. Fighting continued in Cambodia during early February before and after South Vietnam began its U.S.-aided drive in Laos, Lam Son 719, the most significant operation during this campaign.
Lam Son 719 was conducted out of I Corps by Vietnamese troops with US fire and air support. Their object was to cut the Ho Chi Minh Trail and to destroy enemy bases at Techepone, Laos. The operation consisted of four phases. In Phases I, called Operation DEWEY CANYON II, the 1st Brigade, US 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized) occupied the Khe Sanh area and cleared Route No. 9 up to the Laotian border. In the meantime, the US 101st Airborne Division conducted diversionary operations in the A Shau Valley. The US 45th Engineer Group had the mission of repairing Route No. 9 up to the Laotian border. This lasted from 30 January to 7 February 1971. During Phase II US forces continued to provide fire support, helilift, and tactical and strategic air support for ARVN units. This phase was 8 February to March 1971. Phase III ran from March to 16 March 1971; Phase IV was the withdrawal phase.
Faced with mounting losses, Lt. Gen. Hoang Xuan Lam, the commander of the invasion forces, decided to cut short the operation and ordered a withdrawal.
Lam Son 719, though it was less than a signal success, forestalled a Communist offensive in the spring of 1971. Enemy units and replacements enroute south were diverted to the scene of the action.
Vietnam was the longest war in American history and the most unpopular American war of the 20th century. It resulted in nearly 60,000 American deaths and in an estimated 2 million Vietnamese deaths. Even today, many Americans still ask whether the American effort in Vietnam was a sin, a blunder, a necessary war, or whether it was a noble cause, or an idealistic, if failed, effort to protect the South Vietnamese from totalitarian government.
Between 1945 and 1954, the Vietnamese waged an anti-colonial war against France, which received $2.6 billion in financial support from the United States. The French defeat at the Dien Bien Phu was followed by a peace conference in Geneva. As a result of the conference, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam received their independence, and Vietnam was temporarily divided between an anti-Communist South and a Communist North. In 1956, South Vietnam, with American backing, refused to hold unification elections. By 1958, Communist-led guerrillas, known as the Viet Cong, had begun to battle the South Vietnamese government.
To support the South's government, the United States sent in 2,000 military advisors--a number that grew to 16,300 in 1963. The military condition deteriorated, and by 1963, South Vietnam had lost the fertile Mekong Delta to the Viet Cong. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson escalated the war, commencing air strikes on North Vietnam and committing ground forces--which numbered 536,000 in 1968. The 1968 Tet Offensive by the North Vietnamese turned many Americans against the war.
The next president, Richard Nixon, advocated Vietnamization, withdrawing American troops and giving South Vietnam greater responsibility for fighting the war. In 1970, Nixon attempted to slow the flow of North Vietnamese soldiers and supplies into South Vietnam by sending American forces to destroy Communist supply bases in Cambodia. This act violated Cambodian neutrality and provoked antiwar protests on the nation's college campuses.
From 1968 to 1973, efforts were made to end the conflict through diplomacy. In January 1973, an agreement was reached; U.S. forces were withdrawn from Vietnam, and U.S. prisoners of war were released. In April 1975, South Vietnam surrendered to the North, and Vietnam was reunited.
1. The Vietnam War cost the United States 58,000 lives and 350,000 casualties. It also resulted in between one and two million Vietnamese deaths.
2. Congress enacted the War Powers Act in 1973, requiring the president to receive explicit Congressional approval before committing American forces overseas.
Names of Soldiers and Officers Involved
26 February 1970 through 29 January 1971
Apr 29 - May 2 1970; ARVN units, 25th Div and 5th Div and four Ranger battalions from the 2nd Ranger Group and US 1st Cav Div, 9th Inf Div and 11th Armored Cav Regt operation against the Parrot's Beak to target the NVA/VC base areas in Cambodia.
This campaign was from 1 May to 30 June 1970. This campaign was mainly concerned with the Allied incursion into Cambodia, codenamed Operation ROCK CRUSHER. As American withdrawal from South Vietnam proceeded, increasing concern arose over the enemy's strength in the sanctuaries inside Cambodia. With the emergence in Cambodia of an antiCommunist government under Lon Nol, President Nixon relaxed the restrictions on moving against the bases inside Cambodia. Meanwhile, the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong began to move on the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh. At this juncture Lon Nol appealed to the United States for help. American and allied Vietnamese forces began large-scale offensives in Cambodia on 1 May. Eight major US Army and South Vietnamese operations took place in Cambodia in May and June with the object of cutting enemy communication lines, seizing the sanctuary areas and capturing the shadowy Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN) described as the control center for enemy military operations against III CTZ.
This campaign was from 1 November 1969 to 30 April 1970. An increase in enemy-initiated attacks, at the highest level since 4-5 September signaled the start of the first phase of the Communist winter campaign. This was highlighted by intensified harassment incidents, and attacks throughout the Republic of Vietnam. In November-December these were heaviest in Corps Tactical Zones III and IV (around Saigon), primarily directed against Vietnamese military installations in order to disrupt the pacification program. The most significant enemy activity occurred in November with heavy attacks upon By Prang and Duc Lap in CTZ II (Central Vietnam).
By February 1970 the focus of enemy activity began to shift to CTZ I and II. Attacks increased steadily, reaching a peak in April 1970. Hostile forces staged their heaviest attacks in the Central Highlands near Civilian Irregular Defense Group camps at Dak Seang, Dak Pek, and Ben Het in I CTZ. The enemy also conducted numerous attacks by fire and several sapper attacks against U.S. fire support bases. This high level of enemy activity began in I CTZ in April and continued through May.
During the period 1 November 1969 through 30 April 1970 U.S. and allied forces concentrated on aggressive operations to find and destroy enemy main and local forces, the penetration of base camps and installations and the seizure of enemy supplies and materiel. These operations sought to deny the enemy the initiative and to inflict heavy losses in men and materiel. Further progress was made in Vietnamization through improving the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces. As a result of these advances three brigades of the 1st U.S. Infantry Division and several major U.S.M.C. units were withdrawn from Vietnam during this period.
The enemy made several efforts to take the offensive at Dak Seang, which was attacked on 1 April 1970 and remained under siege throughout the month, and at Quang Duc in the By Prong-Duc Lap area which ended on 28 December. Only Vietnamese forces were engaged in both of these operations, the Quang Duc campaign involving some 12,000 ARVN troops. South Vietnamese forces again took the offensive on 14 April in a bold 3-day operation in the Angel's Wing area along the Cambodian border. The Vietnamese Army completed this mission in an aggressive professional manner without U.S. support-further evidence of their growing proficiency.